» 
allemand anglais arabe bulgare chinois coréen croate danois espagnol estonien finnois français grec hébreu hindi hongrois islandais indonésien italien japonais letton lituanien malgache néerlandais norvégien persan polonais portugais roumain russe serbe slovaque slovène suédois tchèque thai turc vietnamien
allemand anglais arabe bulgare chinois coréen croate danois espagnol estonien finnois français grec hébreu hindi hongrois islandais indonésien italien japonais letton lituanien malgache néerlandais norvégien persan polonais portugais roumain russe serbe slovaque slovène suédois tchèque thai turc vietnamien

définition - Bono

voir la définition de Wikipedia

   Publicité ▼

locutions

-Achtung Bono • American Prayer (Bono song) • Bono (disambiguation) • Bono Benić • Bono Manso • Bono Township, Lawrence County, Indiana • Bono Vox • Bono on Bono • Bono state • Bono, Arkansas • Bono, Indiana • Bono, Italy • Bono, Lawrence County, Indiana • Bono, Morbihan • Bono, Vermillion County, Indiana • Chaz Bono • Cui bono • De Bono • De Bono's invasion of Abyssinia • Edward de Bono • Emilio De Bono • Ex aequo et bono • Ferrán Bono • Guy Bono • José Bono Martínez • José Manuel Ortiz Bono • Ken Bono • List of rulers of the Akan state of Bono-Tekyiman • Luca del Bono • Mary Bono Mack • Mary Whitaker Bono Mack • Matteo Bono • Maxime Bono • Outel Bono • Oxford Pro Bono Publico • Philip Bono • Pieve di Bono • Pro Bono Net • Pro bono publico • Salvatore P. Bono • Salvatore Phillip Bono • Sightings of Bono • Sonny Bono • Sonny Bono Act • Sonny Bono Copyright Term Extension Act • Sonny Bono Memorial Park • Sonny Bono Salton Sea National Wildlife Refuge • Steve Bono • Vince malum bono

Wikipedia

Bono

                   
Bono

Bono at the 2009 Tribeca Film Festival
Background information
Birth name Paul David Hewson
Also known as Bono
Born (1960-05-10) 10 May 1960 (age 52)
Dublin, Ireland
Origin Glasnevin, County Dublin, Ireland
Genres Rock, post-punk, alternative rock
Occupations Musician, singer-songwriter, activist, philanthropist
Instruments Vocals, guitar, harmonica
Years active 1976–present
Associated acts U2, Passengers
Website u2.com
Notable instruments
Gretsch Irish Falcon
Gretsch Country Club

Paul David Hewson (born 10 May 1960), most commonly known by his stage name Bono (/ˈbɒn/ BON-oh), is an Irish singer, musician, and humanitarian best known for being the main vocalist of the Dublin-based rock band U2. Bono was born and raised in Dublin, Ireland, and attended Mount Temple Comprehensive School where he met his future wife, Alison Stewart, and the future members of U2.[1][2][3] Bono writes almost all U2 lyrics, often using political, social, and religious themes.[4][5] During their early years, Bono's lyrics contributed to U2's rebellious and spiritual tone.[4] As the band matured, his lyrics became inspired more by personal experiences shared with members of U2.[2][4]

Outside the band, he has collaborated and recorded with numerous artists,[6][7][8] is managing director and a managing partner of Elevation Partners,[9] and has refurbished and owns The Clarence Hotel in Dublin with The Edge.[10][11] Bono is also widely known for his activism concerning Africa, for which he co-founded DATA, EDUN, the ONE Campaign and Product Red.[2][12] He has organised and played in several benefit concerts and has met with influential politicians.[12][13][14] Bono has been praised and criticised for his activism and involvement with U2.[15][16][17] He has been nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize, was granted an honorary knighthood by Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, and was named as a Person of the Year by Time,[15][18][19] among other awards and nominations.

Contents

Early life

Bono was born in the Rotunda Hospital, Dublin, on 10 May 1960.[20] He was raised in Northside suburb of Glasnevin with his brother, Norman Robert Hewson (who is eight years older than Bono), by their mother Iris (née Rankin), a Church of Ireland Anglican, and their father Brendan Robert "Bob" Hewson, a Roman Catholic.[1][2] His parents initially agreed that the first child would be raised Anglican and the second Catholic.[21] Although Bono was the second child, he also attended Church of Ireland services with his mother and brother.[21]

  The hearing aid shop, Bonavox, that provided Hewson with the nickname "Bono Vox".

He went to the local primary Glasnevin National School.[22] Bono was 14 when his mother died on 10 September 1974 after suffering a cerebral aneurysm at her father's funeral.[2] Many U2 songs, including "I Will Follow", "Mofo", "Out of Control", "Lemon", and "Tomorrow", focus on the loss of his mother.[2][23][24] Other songs focus on the theme of childhood vs. maturity, such as "Into the Heart," "Twilight", and "Stories for Boys."[citation needed]

Bono attended Mount Temple Comprehensive School, a multi denominational school in Clontarf. During his childhood and adolescence, Bono and his friends were part of a surrealist street gang called "Lypton Village". Bono met one of his closest friends, Guggi, in Lypton Village.[citation needed] The gang had a ritual of nickname-giving. Bono had several names: first, he was "Steinvic von Huyseman", then just "Huyseman", followed by "Houseman", "Bon Murray", "Bono Vox of O'Connell Street", and finally just "Bono".[2]

"Bono Vox" is an alteration of Bonavox, a Latin phrase which translates to "good voice." It is said he was nicknamed "Bono Vox" by his friend Gavin Friday. Initially, Bono disliked the name. However, when he learned it loosely translated to "good voice", he accepted it. Hewson has been known as "Bono" since the late 1970s. Although he uses Bono as his stage name, close family and friends also refer to him as Bono, including his wife and fellow band members.[2]

Personal life

Bono is married to Alison Hewson (née Stewart). Their relationship began in 1975 and the couple were married on 21 August 1982 in a Church of Ireland (Anglican) ceremony at All Saints Church, Raheny (built by the Guinness family), with Adam Clayton acting as Bono's best man.[3] The couple have four children: daughters Jordan (b. 10 May 1989) and Memphis Eve (b. 7 July 1991) and sons Elijah Bob Patricius Guggi Q (b. 18 August 1999) and John Abraham (b. 21 May 2001);[25] Memphis Eve portrayed the character Stella in the 2008 film The 27 Club.[26][27] Bono lives in Killiney in south County Dublin with his family and shares a villa in Èze in the Alpes-Maritimes in the south of France with The Edge.[28]

Bono is almost never seen in public without sunglasses. During a Rolling Stone interview he stated:

[I have] very sensitive eyes to light. If somebody takes my photograph, I will see the flash for the rest of the day. My right eye swells up. I've a blockage there, so that my eyes go red a lot. So it's part vanity, it's part privacy and part sensitivity.[29]

In 2002, he was listed as one of the 100 Greatest Britons in a poll conducted among the general public,[30] despite the fact that he is Irish.

In May 2010, Bono suffered a spinal injury while preparing for the forthcoming U2 tour, and was taken to a German clinic in Munich for emergency neurosurgery.[31][32] The entire North American leg was postponed and rescheduled into 2011.[33][34]

Musical career

U2

A black and white image of a light-skinned man singing into a microphone. He is visible from the chest up and wears a sleeveless black shirt with an opened sleeveless white vest overtop. A small cross is worn around his neck. His black hair is styled into a mullet. The man looks past the camera to the left. A mixture of trees and sky are visible in the background.
  Bono on stage in 1983

On 25 September 1976, Bono, David Evans ("The Edge"), his brother Dik, and Adam Clayton responded to an advertisement on a bulletin board at Mount Temple posted by fellow student Larry Mullen Jr. to form a rock band. The band had occasional jam sessions in which they did covers of other bands. Tired of long guitar solos and hard rock, Bono wanted to play Rolling Stones and The Beach Boys songs. Unfortunately the band could not play covers very well, so they started writing their own songs.

The band went by the name "Feedback" for a few months, before changing to "The Hype" later on. After Dik Evans left the group to join another local band, the Virgin Prunes, the remaining four officially changed the name from "The Hype" to "U2". Initially Bono sang, played guitar, and wrote the band's songs. He said of his early guitar playing in a 1982 interview, "When we started out I was the guitar player, along with the Edge—except I couldn't play guitar. I still can't. I was such a lousy guitar player that one day they broke it to me that maybe I should sing instead. I had tried before, but I had no voice at all. I remember the day I found I could sing. I said, 'Oh, that's how you do it.'"[35] When The Edge's guitar playing improved, Bono was relegated mostly to the microphone, although he occasionally still plays rhythm guitar and harmonica. As of 2006, Bono has taken piano lessons from his children's piano teacher as a means to improve his songwriting.[36]

Bono writes the lyrics for almost all U2 songs, which are often rich in social and political themes.[4] His lyrics frequently allude to a religious connection or meaning, evident in songs such as "Gloria" from the band's album October, and "I Still Haven't Found What I'm Looking For" from The Joshua Tree.[5] During the band's early years, Bono was known for his rebellious tone which turned to political anger and rage during the band's War, The Joshua Tree and Rattle and Hum eras.[4] Following the Enniskillen bombing that left 11 dead and 63 injured on 8 November 1987, the Provisional IRA paramilitaries threatened to kidnap Bono.[2] IRA supporters also attacked a vehicle carrying the band members.[2] These acts were in response to his speech condemning the Remembrance Day Bombing during a live performance of "Sunday Bloody Sunday".[2] The singer had been advised to cut his on-stage outburst from the Rattle and Hum film, but it was left in.[37] Also featured in the film is footage of Bono spray-painting a monument during an outdoor performance; Bono was forced to pay a fine.

  Bono as his alter-ego "The Fly" on the Zoo TV Tour in 1992

U2's sound and focus dramatically changed with their 1991 album, Achtung Baby. Bono's lyrics became more personal, inspired by experiences related to the private lives of the members of the band.[2][4] During the band's Zoo TV Tour several of his stage personas were showcased; these included "The Fly", a stereotypical rock star, the "Mirror Ball Man", a parody of American televangelists, and "Mr. MacPhisto", a combination of a corrupted rock star and the Devil.[2][4]

During performances he attempts to interact with the crowd as often as possible and is known for pulling audience members onto the stage or moving himself down to the physical level of the audience.[2] This has happened on several occasions including at the Live Aid concert in 1985 where he leapt off the stage and pulled a woman from the crowd to dance with her as the band played "Bad", and in 2005 during U2's Vertigo Tour stop in Chicago, where he pulled a boy onto the stage during the song "An Cat Dubh / Into the Heart".[2][38] Bono has often allowed fans to come on stage and perform songs with the band.

Bono has won numerous awards with U2, including 22 Grammy awards and the 2003 Golden Globe award for best original song, "The Hands That Built America", for the film Gangs of New York.[16][39] During the live broadcast of the ceremony, Bono called the award "really, really fucking brilliant!"[40] In response, the Parents Television Council condemned Bono for his profanity and started a campaign for its members to file complaints with the FCC.[41] Although Bono's use of "fuck" violated FCC indecency standards, the FCC refused to fine NBC because the network did not receive advance notice of the consequences of broadcasting such profanity and the profanity in question was not used in its literal sexual meaning.[42]

  U2 performing at Madison Square Garden in November 2005.

In 2005, the U2 band members were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, in their first year of eligibility.[43] In November 2008, Rolling Stone ranked Bono the 32nd greatest singer of all-time.[44]

Bono and his bandmates were criticised in 2007 for moving part of their multi-million euro song catalogue from Ireland to Amsterdam six months before Ireland ended a tax exemption on musicians' royalties.[17][45] Under Dutch tax law, bands are subject to low to non-existent tax rates.[17] U2's manager, Paul McGuinness, stated that the arrangement is legal and customary and businesses often seek to minimise their tax burdens.[17] The move prompted criticisms in the Irish parliament.[46][47] The band later responded by stating that approximately 95% of their business took place outside Ireland, and that they were taxed globally because of this.[48] Bono was one of several super-rich figures whose tax arrangements were singled out for criticism in a report by the charity Christian Aid in 2008.[49]

Collaborations

In addition to his work with U2, he has collaborated with Frank Sinatra,[6] Johnny Cash,[7] Willie Nelson,[50] Luciano Pavarotti,[51] Sinéad O'Connor,[52] Green Day, Roy Orbison,[53] Bob Dylan,[8] Tina Turner,[54] B.B. King and Zucchero.[55][56][57] He has recorded with Ray Charles,[58] Quincy Jones, Kirk Franklin,[59] Bruce Springsteen,[60] Tony Bennett,[61] Clannad,[62] The Corrs,[63] Wyclef Jean,[64] Kylie Minogue,[65] Carl Perkins,[66] Jay-Z and Rihanna, as well as reportedly completing an unreleased duet with Jennifer Lopez.[67] On Robbie Robertson's 1987 eponymous album, he plays bass guitar and vocals.[68] On Michael Hutchence's 1999 posthumous eponymous album, Bono completed a recording of "Slide Away" as a duet with Hutchence.[69]

Bono and The Edge also wrote the music and lyrics for the Broadway musical Spider-Man: Turn Off the Dark. On May 25, 2011, a single titled "Rise Above 1: Reeve Carney Featuring Bono and The Edge" was released digitally.[70] The music video was released on 28 July 2011.[71]

Other endeavours

  Bono performing with U2 in 2011

In 1992, Bono, along with the Edge, bought and refurbished Dublin's two-star 70-bedroom Clarence Hotel, and converted it into a five-star 49-bedroom hotel.[11]

The Edge and Bono have also recorded several songs together, exclusive of the band. They have also been working on penning the score for the 2011 rock musical Spider-Man: Turn Off the Dark.[72] Bono is a known Celtic F.C. fan,[25] and in 1998 it was rumoured that Bono intended to buy shares in the Scottish club,[73] which Bono denied.[74]

In May 2007, MTV reported that Bono was writing the foreword for a collection of poetry entitled "Third Rail".[75] The book's foreword gives detail of the meanings of the poetry, saying "The poets who fill the pews here have come to testify, to bear witness to the mysterious power of rock and roll...Rock and roll is truly a broad church, but each lights a candle to their vision of what it is."[75] The collection, which is edited by poet Jonathan Wells, contains titles such as "Punk rock You're My Big Crybaby", "Variation on a Theme by Whitesnake", and "Vince Neil Meets Josh in a Chinese Restaurant in Malibu (After Ezra Pound)."[75]

Bono is on the board of the Elevation Partners private-equity firm, which attempted to purchase Eidos Interactive in 2005 and has since gone on to invest in other entertainment businesses.[10][76] Bono has invested in the Forbes Media group in the US through Elevation Partners. Elevation Partners became the first outsider to invest in the company, taking a minority stake in Forbes Media LLC, a new company encompassing the 89-year-old business which includes Forbes magazine, the Forbes.com website and other assets. The terms of the deal were not disclosed, but reports said the stake was worth about €194 million ($250m).[77][78][79]

In film, Bono has played the character of "Dr. Robert", an anti-war shaman, in the musical Across the Universe.[80] Also in this movie, he sang The Beatles songs "I Am the Walrus" and "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds". Bono's other acting credits include cameos in 1999's Entropy and 2000's Million Dollar Hotel, the latter of which was based on a story conceived by Bono.[80] In 2000 he acted as himself in the short film Sightings of Bono, adapted from a short story by Irish writer Gerard Beirne.[80]

Elevation Partners, of which Bono is managing direct, owns a 1.5% stake in social networking site Facebook, originally purchased for $210m.[81] Currently, his stake is valued at approximately US$ 1 billion.[82]

Humanitarian work

  Bono with then President Lula da Silva of Brazil in 2006

Bono has become one of the world's best-known philanthropic performers and was named the most politically effective celebrity of all time by the National Journal.[83][84][85] He has been dubbed, "the face of fusion philanthropy",[86] both for his success enlisting powerful allies from a diverse spectrum of leaders in government, religious institutions, philanthropic organisations, popular media, and the business world, as well as for spearheading new organizational networks that bind global humanitarian relief with geopolitical activism and corporate commercial enterprise.[87]

In a 1986 interview with Rolling Stone magazine, Bono explained that he was motivated to become involved in social and political causes by seeing one of the Secret Policeman's Ball benefit shows, staged by John Cleese and producer Martin Lewis for the human-rights organisation Amnesty International in 1979.[88] "I saw 'The Secret Policeman’s Ball' and it became a part of me. It sowed a seed..." In 2001, Bono arranged for U2 to videotape a special live performance for that year's Amnesty benefit show.

Bono and U2 performed on Amnesty's Conspiracy Of Hope tour of the United States in 1986 alongside Sting.[13] U2 also performed in the Band Aid and Live Aid projects, organised by Bob Geldof.[89] In 1984, Bono sang on the Band Aid single "Do They Know it's Christmas?/Feed the World" (a role that was reprised on the 2004 Band Aid 20 single of the same name).[90] Geldof and Bono later collaborated to organise the 2005 Live 8 project, where U2 also performed.[14]

  Bono and then U.S. President George W. Bush in 2006

Since 1999, Bono has become increasingly involved in campaigning for third-world debt relief and raising awareness of the plight of Africa, including the AIDS pandemic. In the past decade Bono has met with several influential politicians, including former United States President George W. Bush and former Canadian Prime Minister Paul Martin.[91] During a March 2002 visit to the White House, after President Bush unveiled a $5 billion aid package, he accompanied the President for a speech on the White House lawn where he stated, "This is an important first step, and a serious and impressive new level of commitment. ... This must happen urgently, because this is a crisis."[91] In May of that year, Bono took US Treasury Secretary Paul H. O'Neill on a four-country tour of Africa. In contrast, in 2005, Bono spoke on CBC Radio, alleging then Prime Minister Martin was being slow about increasing Canada's foreign aid.[92] He was a nominee for the Nobel Peace Prize in 2003, 2005, and 2006 for his philanthropy.[15][93][94]

In 2004, he was awarded the Pablo Neruda International Presidential Medal of Honour from the Government of Chile.[95] Time Magazine named Bono one of the "100 Most Influential People" in its May 2004 special issue,[96] and again in the 2006 Time 100 special issue.[97] In 2005, Time named Bono a Person of the Year along with Bill and Melinda Gates.[19] Also in 2005, he received the Portuguese Order of Liberty for his humanitarian work.[98] That year Bono was also among the first three recipients of the TED Prize, which grants each winner "A wish to change the world".[99] Bono made three wishes,[100] the first two related to the ONE campaign and the third that every hospital, health clinic and school in Ethiopia should be connected to the Internet. TED rejected the third wish as being a sub-optimal way for TED to help Africa[100] and instead organised a TED conference in Arusha, Tanzania. Bono attended the conference, which was held in June 2007, and attracted headlines[101] with his foul-mouthed heckling of a speech by Andrew Mwenda.

  Bono at the World Economic Forum meeting in Davos, 2008.

In 2007, Bono was named in the UK's New Years Honours List as an honorary Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire.[18][102] He was formally granted knighthood on 29 March 2007 in a ceremony at the residence of British Ambassador David Reddaway in Dublin, Ireland.[103]

Bono also received the NAACP Image Award's Chairman's Award in 2007.[104] On 24 May 2007, the National Constitution Center in Philadelphia announced that Bono would receive the Philadelphia Liberty Medal on 27 September 2007 for his work to end world poverty and hunger.[105] On 28 September 2007, in accepting the Liberty Medal, Bono said, "When you are trapped by poverty, you are not free. When trade laws prevent you from selling the food you grew, you are not free, ... When you are a monk in Burma this very week, barred from entering a temple because of your gospel of peace ... well, then none of us are truly free." Bono donated the $100,000 prize to the organisation. Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala accepted the award for the Washington-based Debt AIDS Trade Africa.[106]

In 2005 he recorded a version of Don't Give Up with Alicia Keys, with proceeds going to Keep a Child Alive.[107]

On 15 December 2005, Paul Theroux published an op-ed in the New York Times called The Rock Star's Burden (cf. Kipling's The White Man's Burden) that criticised stars such as Bono, Brad Pitt, and Angelina Jolie, labelling them as "mythomaniacs, people who wish to convince the world of their worth." Theroux, who lived in Africa as a Peace Corps Volunteer, added that "the impression that Africa is fatally troubled and can be saved only by outside help—not to mention celebrities and charity concerts—is a destructive and misleading conceit."[108] Elsewhere, Bono has been criticised, along with other celebrities, for "[ignoring] the legitimate voices of Africa and [turning] a global movement for justice into a grand orgy of narcissistic philanthropy".[109]

  Bono meeting with U.S. President Barack Obama in 2010.

On 3 April 2005, Bono paid a personal tribute to John Paul II and called him "a street fighter and a wily campaigner on behalf of the world's poor. We would never have gotten the debts of 23 countries completely cancelled without him."[110] Bono spoke in advance of President Bush at the 54th Annual National Prayer Breakfast, held at the Hilton Washington Hotel on 2 February 2006. In a speech containing biblical references, Bono encouraged the care of the socially and economically depressed. His comments included a call for an extra one percent tithe of the United States' national budget. He brought his Christian views into harmony with other faiths by noting that Christian, Jewish, and Muslim writings all call for the care of the widow, orphan, and stranger. President Bush received praise from the singer-activist for the United States' increase in aid for the African continent. Bono continued by saying much work is left to be done to be a part of God's ongoing purposes.[12]

The organisation DATA (Debt, AIDS, Trade, Africa) was established in 2002 by Bono and Bobby Shriver, along with activists from the Jubilee 2000 Drop the Debt Campaign.[111] DATA aims to eradicate poverty and HIV/AIDS in Africa.[111] DATA encourages Americans to contact senators and other legislators and elected officials to voice their opinions.[111]

In early 2005, Bono, his wife Ali Hewson, and New York-based Irish fashion designer Rogan Gregory launched the socially conscious line EDUN in an attempt to shift the focus in Africa from aid to trade.[112] EDUN's goal is to use factories in Africa, South America, and India that provide fair wages to workers and practice good business ethics to create a business model that will encourage investment in developing nations.[113]

  Bono after accepting the Philadelphia Liberty Medal on 27 September 2007.

Bono was a special guest editor of the July 2007 issue of Vanity Fair magazine. The issue was named "The Africa Issue: Politics & Power" and featured an assortment of 20 different covers, with photographs by Annie Leibovitz of a number of prominent celebrities, political leaders, and philanthropists. Each one showcased in the issue for their contributions to the humanitarian relief in Africa.[114]

In an article in Bloomberg Markets in March 2007, journalists Richard Tomlinson and Fergal O’Brien noted that Bono used his band's 2006 Vertigo world tour to promote his ONE Campaign while at the same time "U2 was racking up $389 million in gross ticket receipts, making Vertigo the second-most lucrative tour of all time, according to Billboard magazine. . . . Revenue from the Vertigo tour is funnelled through companies that are mostly registered in Ireland and structured to minimise taxes."[115]

Further criticism came in November 2007, when Bono's various charity campaigns were targeted by Jobs Selasie, head of African Aid Action. Selasie claimed that these charities had increased corruption and dependency in Africa because they failed to work with African entrepreneurs and grassroots organisations, and as a result, Africa has become more dependent on international handouts.[116] Bono responded to his critics in Times Online on 19 February 2006, calling them "cranks carping from the sidelines. A lot of them wouldn’t know what to do if they were on the field. They’re the party who will always be in opposition so they’ll never have to take responsibility for decisions because they know they’ll never be able to implement them."[117]

In November 2007, Bono was honoured by NBC Nightly News as someone "making a difference" in the world.[118] He and anchor Brian Williams had travelled to Africa in May 2007 to showcase the humanitarian crisis on the continent.[119] On 11 December 2008, Bono was given the annual Man of Peace prize, awarded by several Nobel Peace Prize laureates in Paris, France.[120]

Product Red is another initiative begun by Bono and Bobby Shriver to raise money for the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria.[121] Bobby Shriver has been announced as the CEO of Product Red, whilst Bono is currently an active public spokesperson for the brand. Product Red is a brand that is licensed to partner companies, such as American Express, Apple, Converse, Motorola, Microsoft, Dell, The Gap, and Giorgio Armani.[122] Each company creates a product with the Product Red logo and a percentage of the profits from the sale of these labelled products will go to the Global Fund.[123]

See also


References

Footnotes
  1. ^ a b "U2 Biography—Bono". Macphisto.net. 2006. http://www.macphisto.net/theband/biography/bonobio.html. Retrieved 3 May 2007. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Assayas, Michka (2005). Bono on Bono: Conversations with Michka Assayas. London: Hodder & Stoughton. ISBN 0-340-83276-2. 
  3. ^ a b "Adam Clayton biography – U2 bassist". atU2.com. http://www.atu2.com/band/adam/. Retrieved 19 November 2010. ; Moss, Vincent (24 December 2006). "The Unforgettable Sire". Sunday Mirror. http://www.sundaymirror.co.uk/showbiz/tm_headline=the-unforgettable-sire%26method=full%26objectid=18322022%26siteid=98487-name_page.html. Retrieved 19 November 2010. ; McIntosh, Elise (3 October 2006). "In Music and Love, U2 Has Staying Power". Staten Island Advance. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Bono: Biography from @U2". atU2.com. http://www.atu2.com/band/bono/. Retrieved 19 November 2010. 
  5. ^ a b Stockman (2005)
  6. ^ a b Simon, S. (Host). (13 November 1993). Weekend Edition Saturday. Washington, DC: National Public Radio.
  7. ^ a b Lost Highway Records. (10 October 2005). "News". Retrieved 5 May 2007, from
  8. ^ a b Bono (1984, 10 August). BONO, BOB AND VAN. Hot Press
  9. ^ Billboard.biz
  10. ^ a b Elevation Partners. (2007). Introduction to Elevation Partners. Retrieved 4 July 2007
  11. ^ a b The Clarence Hotel. (Unknown last update). At the Clarence. Retrieved 4 July 2007
  12. ^ a b c Bono. (February 2006). Remarks at the National Prayer Breakfast. Speech presented at Hilton Washington Hotel at Washington, D.C.
  13. ^ a b Booth, C. (23 June 1986). Conspiracy of Hope Tour. Time, 127.
  14. ^ a b Wolinsky, D. (31 May 2005). DMB, U2 Lead Live 7 Shows. Rolling Stones. Retrieved 25 July 2007, from Rolling Stone
  15. ^ a b c Mellgren, D. (24 February 2006). Bono Among Nobel Peace Prize Nominees. Associated Press. Retrieved 14 January 2007, from Bono Among Nobel Peace Prize Nominees
  16. ^ a b "Grammy Winners List: Artist – U2". Grammy.com. The Recording Academy. http://www.grammy.com/GRAMMY_Awards/Winners/Results.aspx?title=&winner=u2&year=0&genreID=0&hp=1. Retrieved 19 November 2010. 
  17. ^ a b c d Browning, Lynnley (4 February 2007). "The Netherlands, the New Tax Shelter Hot Spot". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2007/02/04/business/yourmoney/04amster.html?ex=1174622400&en=513da74cdda62432&ei=5070. Retrieved 21 March 2007. 
  18. ^ a b [Unknown Author] (23 December 2006). Honorary knighthood for U2's Bono. BBC News. Retrieved 14 January 2007, from BBC.co.uk
  19. ^ a b Gibbs, N. (26 December 2005). The Good Samaritans. Time, 166.
  20. ^ Wall, Mick (2006). Bono: In the Name of Love. Andre Deutsch Ltd. p. 17. ISBN 978-0-233-00177-7. 
  21. ^ a b Dunphy, Eamon (1987). Unforgettable Fire: The Definitive Biography of U2. New York: Warner Books. 
  22. ^ Matthews (2008), p. 8
  23. ^ McCormick, Neil (1 January 1997). "Growing Up With U2". The Daily Telegraph. 
  24. ^ Schruers, Fred (May 1983). "U2: Small Victories in a Rock and Roll Struggle of Sound and Emotion Report". Musician Magazine. 
  25. ^ a b "Bono — Biography". IMDb. http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0095104/bio. Retrieved 19 November 2010. 
  26. ^ "Meet the Cast". the27clubmovie.com. http://www.the27clubmovie.com/cast.html. Retrieved 25 February 2009. 
  27. ^ "Eve Hewson". IMDb. http://www.imdb.com/name/nm2016723/. Retrieved 25 February 2009. 
  28. ^ Scott, Paul (11 August 2006). "St Bono the hypocrite?". Daily Mail. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/pages/live/femail/article.html?in_article_id=400188&in_page_id=1879. Retrieved 19 November 2010. 
  29. ^ Wenner, Jann (3 November 2005). "Bono – The Rolling Stone Interview". Rolling Stone (986). 
  30. ^ "100 great British heroes". BBC News (British Broadcasting Corporation). 21 August 2002. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/2208671.stm. Retrieved 19 November 2010. 
  31. ^ "Bono's back surgery puts U2 dates in jeopardy". The BBC. 21 May 2010. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment_and_arts/10139846.stm. Retrieved 21 May 2010. 
  32. ^ "Bono Discharged From Hospital". U2.com. 25 May 2010. http://www.u2.com/news/title/bono-discharged-from-hospital. 
  33. ^ "North American Leg Postponed". U2.com. 25 May 2010. http://www.u2.com/news/title/north-american-leg-postponed. 
  34. ^ "North American Dates Will Be Rescheduled In 2011". U2.com. 25 May 2010. http://www.u2.com/news/title/north-american-dates-will-be-rescheduled-in-2011. 
  35. ^ "Bono in San Antonio". U2 magazine (3). May 1982. 
  36. ^ "U2—Bono Takes Piano Lessons". Contactmusic.com. 6 February 2006. http://www.contactmusic.com/new/xmlfeed.nsf/story/bono-takes-piano-lessons_02_06_2006. Retrieved 14 February 2008. 
  37. ^ Hamlyn, Michael (producer), and Joanou, Phil (director) (1988). Rattle and Hum (Motion picture). United States: Paramount Pictures. 
  38. ^ O'Hanlon, Ned (producer), and Hamilton, Hamish (director) (2005). Vertigo 2005: Live From Chicago (Motion picture). United States: 3DD Entertainment. 
  39. ^ "Award Search – Bono". Hollywood Foreign Press Association. http://www1.hfpa.org/browse/member/28459. Retrieved 19 November 2010. 
  40. ^ Boliek, Brooks (5 June 2007). "Appeals court throws out FCC indecency ruling". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on 7 July 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070707012358/http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/hr/content_display/news/e3i9177e066be8bee44d835017eb6e0cda7. Retrieved 1 August 2007. 
  41. ^ "PTC condemns NBC" (Press release). Parents Television Council. 20 January 2003. http://www.parentstv.org/PTC/publications/release/2003/0120.asp. Retrieved 16 July 2007. 
  42. ^ Ahrens, Frank (19 March 2004). "FCC Says Bono Profanity Violated Standards, but Won't Fine NBC". The Washington Post: pp. E1. http://www.washingtonpost.com/ac2/wp-dyn?pagename=article&contentId=A6242-2004Mar18&notFound=true. Retrieved 16 July 2007. 
  43. ^ "Inductee Detail". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. (2005) Retrieved 12 February 2007
  44. ^ "100 Greatest Singers of All Time – #32: Bono". Rolling Stone (1066). 2008-11-27. http://www.rollingstone.com/music/lists/6027/32782/33263. Retrieved 2010-10-21. 
  45. ^ McConnell, Daniel (6 August 2006). "U2 move their rock empire out of Ireland". The Irish Independent. http://www.independent.ie/national-news/u2-move-their-rock-empire-out-of-ireland-133364.html. Retrieved 25 February 2009. 
  46. ^ Bono, Preacher on Poverty, Tarnishes Halo With Irish Tax Move. Bloomberg (2006-10-15). Retrieved on 2011-02-13.
  47. ^ Hyde, Marina (February, 2007). "They live like aristocrats. Now they think like them". Guardian (London: Guardian Media Group). http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/story/0,,1968136,00.html. Retrieved 16 February 2007. 
  48. ^ "U2 reject tax avoidance claims". Belfast Telegraph. 26 February 2009. http://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/entertainment/music/news/u2-reject-tax-avoidance-claims-14203636.html. Retrieved 26 February 2009. 
  49. ^ Death and taxes: the true toll of tax dodging Christian Aid organization report
  50. ^ U2. (1998). Slow Dancing. On If God Will Send His Angels [CD-Single]. New York: Island Records.
  51. ^ Louie, R. (6 February 1996). Short Takes. Buffalo News. Retrieved 3 May 2007, from Opera man Luciano Pavarotti wants to be hip
  52. ^ Voyer, R. (1 October 2005).. Splendid. Retrieved 3 May 2007, from Splendid Magazine reviews Sinéad O'Connor splendidezine.com
  53. ^ Orbison, R. (1989). "She's a Mystery to Me". On Mystery Girl [CD]. London: Virgin Records.
  54. ^ Various Artists. (1995). Goldeneye. On Goldeneye: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack [CD]. New York: Virgin Records
  55. ^ Miserere (CD). PolyGram Italia s.r.i. 1992. 864 401-2. 
  56. ^ Kissel, Howard (6 August 1998). "Platinum Tenor Meet Opera Sensation Andrea Bocelli, Italy's 'Young Pavarotti'". Daily News (New York). http://www.nydailynews.com/archives/entertainment/1998/08/06/1998-08-06_platinum_tenor_meet_opera_se.html. Retrieved 17 February 2011. 
  57. ^ U2. (1988). When Love Comes to Town. On Rattle and Hum [CD]. New York: Island Records.
  58. ^ U2 Wanderer. (Unknown last update). U2 Discography—Q's Jook Joint. Retrieved 4 July 2007
  59. ^ Kirk Franklin. (1998). Lean on me. On THE NU NATION PROJECT [CD-Album]. Inglewood: GospoCentric Records.
  60. ^ Stanley, A. (19 May 2007). Bruce Springsteen: THE RISING TOUR 2003-2003 FINAL TOUR STATISTICS. Retrieved 4 July 2007
  61. ^ TonyBennett.net. (Unknown last update). Tony Bennett, Columbia Records. Retrieved 4 July 2007
  62. ^ U2tour.de. (Unknown last update). In A Lifetime (Clannad & Bono). Retrieved 4 July 2007
  63. ^ Cashmere, P. (14 April 2004). The Corrs Record Another Bono Song. Undercover Media. Retrieved 4 July 2007, from undercover.com.au
  64. ^ U2Wanderer.org. (Unknown last update). U2 Discography—New Day Single. Retrieved 4 July 2007
  65. ^ Kylie's Bono Moment | Kylie Minogue | News | MTV UK. Mtv.co.uk (2006-11-13). Retrieved on 2011-02-13.
  66. ^ Koda, Cub. Go Cat Go - Carl Perkins at Allmusic. Retrieved 2011-11-25.
  67. ^ Barile, L.A. (28 March 2003). PASSAGES: Jennifer Lopez's Latest Duet. People. Retrieved 4 July 2007
  68. ^ Robbie Robertson. (1987). Sweet Fire of Love. On Robbie Robertson [CD-Album]. Santa Monica: Geffen Records.
  69. ^ Williams, L. (2006) Michael Hutchence's Brother Praises Kylie And Bono for their discretion and respect 8/15/2006. Retrieved 6/6/07.
  70. ^ Rise Above 1 by Reeve Carney feat. Bono and the Edge | Rolling Stone Music | Album Reviews. Rollingstone.com (2011-05-26). Retrieved on 2011-07-29.
  71. ^ 'Spider-Man' star Reeve Carney in new video with Bono, the Edge Latimes.com (2011-07-28) Retrieved on 2011-07-29.
  72. ^ Kit, B. (19 April 2007). Bono, Edge Penning Tunes For 'Spider-Man' Musical. Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 4 July 2007
  73. ^ (1998) Sport: Football—Keep Celtic alive and kicking: Kerr. BBC Online. Retrieved 6 June 2007.
  74. ^ Bono Judges Jim Kerr Offside On Celtic Showbiz Consortium | News. Nme.Com (1998-04-28). Retrieved on 2011-02-13.
  75. ^ a b c MTV News staff. (17 May 2007). U2 frontman writes forward to poetry collection. MTV News. Retrieved 4 July 2007
  76. ^ Fahey, R. (22 April 2005). Elevation Partners withdraws its offer for Eidos. gi. Retrieved 4 July 2007
  77. ^ Bono consortium buys a stake in Forbes – RTÉ Ten. Rte.ie (2006-08-09). Retrieved on 2011-02-13.
  78. ^ Carr, David. (2006-08-07) Investors, Including Bono, Buy a Piece of Forbes – New York Times. Nytimes.com. Retrieved on 2011-02-13.
  79. ^ Nussbaum, Bruce. (2006-08-07) Bono Buys Into Forbes, Launches Product Red in US and Expands His Brand.. BusinessWeek. Retrieved on 2011-02-13.
  80. ^ a b c "Bono". IMDb. http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0095104/. Retrieved 25 February 2009. 
  81. ^ Billboard.biz
  82. ^ "$1 billion Facebook fortune for Bono". New Zealand Herald. 2/4/2012. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/world/news/article.cfm?c_id=2&objectid=10783339. Retrieved 2/12/2012. 
  83. ^ Ronald Brownstein, [1], The NJ 20 29 April 2011
  84. ^ Michael Anft, Brennen Jensen, and Ian Wilhelm, "Voicing Support for Charity", The Chronicle of Philanthropy 3 August 2006
  85. ^ Dean Goodman, "Hollywood Hails U2's Bono for Philanthropy", Reuters New Media 15 February 2002 [2]
  86. ^ Tom Zeller, Jr., "Trying to Throw His Arms Around the World", New York Times, 13 November 2006
  87. ^ Nancy Gibbs, "The Good Samaritans", TIME 19 December 2005
  88. ^ Boyd, B. (20 October 2006). A secret history of the old Ball game. Irish Times. Retrieved 4 July 2007
  89. ^ Flannery, M. (15 July 1985). Bob Geldof. Philadelphia Daily News, pp. L15.
  90. ^ Palmer, R. (1985, 21 April). Music becomes food for the hungry. New York Times, section 1, p. 60, column 1.
  91. ^ a b Denny, C., & Black, I. (15 March 2002). US and Europe boost aid to poorest countries. The Guardian. Retrieved 14 January 2007
  92. ^ Harris, K. (23 April 2005). Bono Upset at PM. Toronto Sun. Retrieved 14 January 2007
  93. ^ Unknown Author. (18 February 2003). Bono Among Nobel Peace Prize Nominees. WNBC. Retrieved 14 January 2007, from Bono Among Nobel Peace Prize Nominees
  94. ^ Unknown Author. (25 February 2005). Bono given chance for Peace Prize. The Scotsman. Retrieved 14 January 2007
  95. ^ Langlois, F. (23 September 2004). John Ralston Saul awarded the Pablo Neruda International Presidential Medal of Honour. Governor General of Canada. Retrieved 14 January 2007
  96. ^ "2004 TIME 100". Time Magazine. 26 April 2004. http://www.time.com/time/2004/time100/ 
  97. ^ "2006 TIME 100". Time Magazine: 84. 2006. http://www.time.com/time/2006/time100/ 
  98. ^ Revista Visão. Retrieved 30 March 2007
  99. ^ TED Conference page, retrieved on 2008-5-1
  100. ^ a b TED Conference page, retrieved on 2008-5-1
  101. ^ TED Conference page, retrieved on 2008-5-1
  102. ^ [Unknown Author] (23 December 2006). Bono gets honorary knighthood. RTÉ News. Retrieved 14 January 2007, from RTE
  103. ^ [Unknown Author], (29 March 2007). Don't call him 'sir': U2's Bono knighted. Associated Press. Retrieved 29 March 2007
  104. ^ Bono Receives 38th NIA Chairman's Award
  105. ^ Home—Liberty Medal—National Constitution Center
  106. ^ Bono Gets Medal for His Work in Africa. Huffingtonpost.com (2007-09-27). Retrieved on 2011-02-13.
  107. ^ "Alicia Keys, Bono to raise funds with AIDS song". Associated press. 2 December 2005. http://today.msnbc.msn.com/id/10269863. 
  108. ^ The Rock Star's Burden, New York Times, 15 December 2005
  109. ^ Ahmad, Muhammad Idrees (15 August 2005). "Live 8 – A movement robbed of its colours". Campaign for Press and Broadcasting Freedom. http://keywords.dsvr.co.uk/cpbf_newsite/body.php?subject=international&id=1104. Retrieved 5 March 2009. 
  110. ^ Gundersen, Edna (4 April 2005). "Bono recalls pontiff's affection for the poor—and cool sunglasses". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/life/people/2005-04-03-pope-bono_x.htm. Retrieved 26 April 2010. 
  111. ^ a b c debt AIDS trade africa. (2007). Our Mission. Retrieved 7 July 2007
  112. ^ EDUN (Unknown last update). About EDUN. Retrieved 24 March 2007
  113. ^ EDUN. (Unknown Last Update) FAQs. Retrieved 14 January 2007
  114. ^ "The Africa Issue: Politics & Power", Vanity Fair July 2007. [3] The concept behind the 20 covers was termed as to represent a "visual chain letter". The covers feature Don Cheadle, Barack Obama, Muhammad Ali, Bono, Queen Rania of Jordan, Condoleezza Rice, George W. Bush, Desmond Tutu, Brad Pitt, Djimon Hounsou, Madonna, Maya Angelou, Chris Rock, Warren Buffett, Bill Gates, Melinda Gates, Oprah Winfrey, George Clooney, Jay-Z, Alicia Keys, and Iman Abdulmajid
  115. ^ Bloomberg Markets, "Bono Inc", March 2007
  116. ^ "Bono and Bob Geldof increase Africa's problems say charity", NME 23 November 2007
  117. ^ Michka Assayas meets Bono, Times Online, 19 February 2006
  118. ^ "Bono thanks you," NBC Nightly News, 3 November 2007
  119. ^ "Brian Williams in Africa,", NBC Nightly News, May 2007
  120. ^ Nobel laureates crown U2's Bono 'man of peace'. Atu2.com (2008-12-12). Retrieved on 2011-02-13.
  121. ^ Persuaders, LLC. (2007). What RED Is, How RED Works. Retrieved 4 July 2007
  122. ^ Persuaders, LLC. (2007). Products. Retrieved 4 July 2007
  123. ^ Smykil, J. (4 November 2006). Update: The Other Red meat "charity". Message posted to arstechnica.com; Macintouch Reader Reports. (7 November 2006). Fraud Reports: Jack Campbell. Retrieved 14 January 2007, from macintouch.com
Bibliography

External links

   
               

   Publicité ▼

 

Toutes les traductions de Bono


Contenu de sensagent

  • définitions
  • synonymes
  • antonymes
  • encyclopédie

  • definition
  • synonym

Dictionnaire et traducteur pour mobile

⇨ Nouveau : sensagent est maintenant disponible sur votre mobile

   Publicité ▼

sensagent's office

Raccourcis et gadgets. Gratuit.

* Raccourci Windows : sensagent.

* Widget Vista : sensagent.

dictionnaire et traducteur pour sites web

Alexandria

Une fenêtre (pop-into) d'information (contenu principal de Sensagent) est invoquée un double-clic sur n'importe quel mot de votre page web. LA fenêtre fournit des explications et des traductions contextuelles, c'est-à-dire sans obliger votre visiteur à quitter votre page web !

Essayer ici, télécharger le code;

SensagentBox

Avec la boîte de recherches Sensagent, les visiteurs de votre site peuvent également accéder à une information de référence pertinente parmi plus de 5 millions de pages web indexées sur Sensagent.com. Vous pouvez Choisir la taille qui convient le mieux à votre site et adapter la charte graphique.

Solution commerce électronique

Augmenter le contenu de votre site

Ajouter de nouveaux contenus Add à votre site depuis Sensagent par XML.

Parcourir les produits et les annonces

Obtenir des informations en XML pour filtrer le meilleur contenu.

Indexer des images et définir des méta-données

Fixer la signification de chaque méta-donnée (multilingue).


Renseignements suite à un email de description de votre projet.

Jeux de lettres

Les jeux de lettre français sont :
○   Anagrammes
○   jokers, mots-croisés
○   Lettris
○   Boggle.

Lettris

Lettris est un jeu de lettres gravitationnelles proche de Tetris. Chaque lettre qui apparaît descend ; il faut placer les lettres de telle manière que des mots se forment (gauche, droit, haut et bas) et que de la place soit libérée.

boggle

Il s'agit en 3 minutes de trouver le plus grand nombre de mots possibles de trois lettres et plus dans une grille de 16 lettres. Il est aussi possible de jouer avec la grille de 25 cases. Les lettres doivent être adjacentes et les mots les plus longs sont les meilleurs. Participer au concours et enregistrer votre nom dans la liste de meilleurs joueurs ! Jouer

Dictionnaire de la langue française
Principales Références

La plupart des définitions du français sont proposées par SenseGates et comportent un approfondissement avec Littré et plusieurs auteurs techniques spécialisés.
Le dictionnaire des synonymes est surtout dérivé du dictionnaire intégral (TID).
L'encyclopédie française bénéficie de la licence Wikipedia (GNU).

Copyright

Les jeux de lettres anagramme, mot-croisé, joker, Lettris et Boggle sont proposés par Memodata.
Le service web Alexandria est motorisé par Memodata pour faciliter les recherches sur Ebay.
La SensagentBox est offerte par sensAgent.

Traduction

Changer la langue cible pour obtenir des traductions.
Astuce: parcourir les champs sémantiques du dictionnaire analogique en plusieurs langues pour mieux apprendre avec sensagent.

Dernières recherches dans le dictionnaire :

2470 visiteurs en ligne

calculé en 0,109s

   Publicité ▼

Je voudrais signaler :
section :
une faute d'orthographe ou de grammaire
un contenu abusif (raciste, pornographique, diffamatoire)
une violation de copyright
une erreur
un manque
autre
merci de préciser :

Mon compte

connexion

inscription

   Publicité ▼