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définition - COLAS

cola (n.)

1.tree bearing large brown nuts containing e.g. caffeine; source of cola extract

2.carbonated drink flavored with extract from kola nuts (`dope' is a southernism in the United States)

Cola (n.)

1.large genus of African trees bearing kola nuts

2.(MeSH)A plant genus of the family STERCULIACEAE. This is the source of the kola nut which contains CAFFEINE and is used in popular beverages.

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Merriam Webster

ColaCo"la, n., L. pl. of Colon.

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définition (complément)

voir la définition de Wikipedia

synonymes - COLAS

locutions

-1970 Pepsi-Cola Masters • 1970 Pepsi-Cola Masters – Doubles • 1970 Pepsi-Cola Masters – Singles • 1971 Pepsi-Cola Masters • 2008 Coca-Cola 600 • 2008 Coke Zero 400 Powered by Coca-Cola • 2009 Coca-Cola 600 • Adrian Cola Rienzi • Amrat Cola • Apotekarnes Cola • Auditorio Coca-Cola • Barr Cola • Beed Cola • Big 8 Cola • Bob's-Cola • Breizh Cola • Bubba Cola • COLA (software architecture) • Caffeine-Free Coca-Cola • Campa Cola • Cavan Cola • Cerro Cola Blanca Natural Reserve • China Cola • Classic Cola • Classic Cola (Sainsbury's) • Classic Cola (disambiguation) • Club Cola • Coca Cola 2 • Coca Cola Airport • Coca Cola Cowboys • Coca Cola Cup • Coca Cola GM • Coca Cola Kid • Coca Cola League One • Coca Cola League Two • Coca Cola Zero • Coca cola company • Coca cola cup • Coca-Cola • Coca-Cola 300 • Coca-Cola 500 • Coca-Cola 500 (Motegi) • Coca-Cola 600 • Coca-Cola Amatil • Coca-Cola Australia Foundation • Coca-Cola Baltimore Branch Factory • Coca-Cola Black Cherry Vanilla • Coca-Cola BlāK • Coca-Cola Bottling Co. • Coca-Cola Bottling Company Building (Columbia, Missouri) • Coca-Cola Bottling Company of Northern New England • Coca-Cola Bottling Company, United • Coca-Cola Bottling Corporation Building • Coca-Cola Bottling Plant (Ocala, Florida) • Coca-Cola C2 • Coca-Cola Charity Championship • Coca-Cola Citra • Coca-Cola Classic (college football) • Coca-Cola Classic (disambiguation) • Coca-Cola Co • Coca-Cola Co. • Coca-Cola Cup • Coca-Cola Dome • Coca-Cola Enterprises, Inc. • Coca-Cola Field • Coca-Cola Football League • Coca-Cola Içecek • Coca-Cola Kid • Coca-Cola Kid (video game) • Coca-Cola Korea • Coca-Cola League One • Coca-Cola League Two • Coca-Cola Light Sango • Coca-Cola M5 • Coca-Cola Olympic City • Coca-Cola Orange • Coca-Cola Park • Coca-Cola Park (Allentown) • Coca-Cola Raspberry • Coca-Cola Scholars Foundation • Coca-Cola Telecommunications • Coca-Cola Tigers • Coca-Cola Tigers all-time roster • Coca-Cola Tokai Classic • Coca-Cola Vanilla • Coca-Cola chicken wings • Coca-Cola formula • Coca-Cola headquarters • Coca-Cola light • Coca-Cola sign • Coca-Cola slogans • Coca-Cola with Lemon • Coca-cola bottling of northern new england • Coca-cola light • Coke (cola) • Cola (disambiguation) • Cola (moth) • Cola (programming language) • Cola Cao • Cola Debrot • Cola Lacaye • Cola Petruccioli • Cola War • Cola Wars • Cola acuminata • Cola attiensis • Cola boxiana • Cola bracteata • Cola cecidiifolia • Cola clavata • Cola de Caballo • Cola de mono • Cola gigas • Cola glabra • Cola hypochrysea • Cola letestui • Cola light • Cola lizae • Cola lourougnonis • Cola lukei • Cola metallica • Cola mossambicensis • Cola nigerica • Cola nuts • Cola octoloboides • Cola philipi-jonesii • Cola porphyrantha • Cola praeacuta • Cola reticulata • Cola scheffleri • Cola semecarpophylla • Cola suboppositifolia • Cola umbratilis • Cola usambarensis • Corsica Cola • Count Cola • Cricket Cola • Criticism of Coca-Cola • Cuba Cola • Diet Coca-Cola • Diet cola • Dixie Coca-Cola Bottling Company Plant • Double Cola • Double Cola Field • Double Cola Fields • EVSC Double Cola Fields • El Ché-Cola • Elmira Coca-Cola Bottling Company Works • Escola v. Coca-Cola Bottling Co. • Evoca Cola • Export Cola • Fada cola • Fentiman's Curiosity Cola • Gemini (Sponge Cola song) • Gennaro di Cola • Green Coca-Cola Bottles • Hankook Pepsi-Cola • Happy Cola • Jolly Cola • Jolt Cola • LA Ice Cola • Lebanese Coca Cola Cup • List of Coca-Cola 600 broadcasters • List of Coca-Cola Tigers seasons • List of Coca-Cola brands • List of assets owned by The Coca-Cola Company • Mecca-Cola • New Coca-Cola • New Coca-Cola II • Olvi Cola • Parsi Cola • Pepsi-Cola Masters • Pepsi-Cola Mixed Team Championship • Perú Cola • Pop Cola Panthers • Premium-Cola • Qibla Cola • R.W.D.S.U., Local 558 v. Pepsi-Cola Canada Beverages (West) Ltd. • RC Cola • RC Cola Company • Red Bull Cola • Rienzi, Cola di • Salamandra De Cola Estriada • Schweppes Cola • Sinaltrainal v. Coca-Cola • Sponge Cola • Sponge Cola (album) • Sugar Cane Cola • The Coca-Cola Company • The Coca-Cola Kid • The Pepsi-Cola Girl • The Pepsi-Cola Playhouse • Transit (Sponge Cola album) • Ubuntu Cola • United States v. Forty Barrels and Twenty Kegs of Coca-Cola • Virgin Cola • Worldofcoca-cola.com • XL Cola • Zam Zam Cola

dictionnaire analogique





Wikipedia - voir aussi

Wikipedia

Cola

                   
Cola
A characteristically shaped Coca-Cola bottle.
Country of origin United States
Introduced 1886
Colour Caramel
Flavour Kola nut

Cola is a carbonated beverage that was originally flavoured and caffeinated by the kola nut, as well as by vanilla and other ingredients. However, most colas now use other flavouring (and caffeinating) ingredients with a similar taste. It became popular worldwide after druggist John Pemberton invented Coca-Cola in 1886.[1] His non-alcoholic recipe was inspired by the Coca wine of pharmacist Angelo Mariani, created in 1863; it still contained cocaine.[1] Coca-Cola is a major international brand, and is associated with the United States. It usually contains caramel colour, caffeine and sweeteners such as sugar or high fructose corn syrup.

Contents

  Flavourings

Despite the name, the primary modern flavouring ingredients in a cola drink are sugar, citrus oils (from oranges, limes, or lemon fruit peel), cinnamon, vanilla, and an acidic flavourant.[2][3] Manufacturers of cola drinks add trace ingredients to create distinctively different tastes for each brand. Trace flavourings may include nutmeg and a wide variety of ingredients, but the base flavourings that most people identify with a cola taste remain vanilla and cinnamon. Acidity is often provided by phosphoric acid, sometimes accompanied by citric or other isolated acids. Many cola drink recipes are maintained as corporate trade secrets, notably including Coca-Cola's recipe.

A variety of different sweeteners may be added to cola, often partly dependent on local agricultural policy. High-fructose corn syrup is predominantly used in the United States and Canada due to the lower cost of government-subsidized corn. In Europe, however, HFCS is subject to production quotas designed to encourage the production of sugar; sugar is thus typically used to sweeten sodas.[4] In addition, stevia or an artificial sweetener may be used; "sugar-free" or "diet" colas typically contain artificial sweeteners only.

Some consumers prefer the taste of soda manufactured with sugar. As a result of this, there is demand in the United States for imported Mexican Coca-Cola.[5][6] Kosher for Passover Coca-Cola sold in the U.S. around the Jewish holiday also uses sucrose rather than HFCS and is also highly sought after by people who prefer the original taste.[7] In addition, PepsiCo has recently been marketing versions of its Pepsi and Mountain Dew sodas that are sweetened with sugar instead of HFCS. These are marketed under the name Throwback and became "permanent" products on the lineup.[8]

  Health

A 2007 study found that consumption of colas, both those with natural sweetening and those with artificial sweetening, was associated with increased risk of chronic kidney disease. The phosphoric acid used in colas was thought to be a possible cause.[9]

  Brands

The cola brands with the greatest global volumes are Coca-Cola and Pepsi.

  Asia

  Europe

  • Afri-Cola, a German brand, had a higher caffeine content (about 250 mg/L) until the product was relaunched with a new formulation in 1999. It was relaunched a second time in April 2006 with the original formulation with the higher caffeine content.
  • Barr Cola made by A.G. Barr (the makers of the popular Irn Bru drink) in the United Kingdom.
  • Breizh Cola is a local brand from Brittany (France). It offers different and unique flavours like a cloves aroma[citation needed], bottled in an original cider bottle.[citation needed]
  • Cola ColaAlbania[citation needed]
  • Cockta is a local brand from former Yugoslavia, originally produced by Slovenijavino company from Slovenia (then part of Yugoslavia). A couple of years ago it was bought by Droga Kolinska, a Croatian company. It is still popular in former Yugoslav republics, especially in Slovenia and Croatia. It does not contain any caffeine.
  • Cuba Cola is the native cola of Sweden.
  • Irish Cola is a local brand in Ireland.
  • In Denmark, the native Jolly Cola was more popular than Coca-Cola and Pepsi Cola during the 1960s and 70s.
  • Fritz-kola is a cola soft drink from Hamburg, Germany. It uses the highest possible concentration of caffeine for beverages allowed by German law (25 mg / 100ml) and is available in most of Germany, as well as parts of western and central Europe.
  • Kofola is the third best selling soft-drink in the Czech Republic and Slovakia, behind Coca-Cola and Pepsi.
  • Polo-Cockta, a Polish brand.
  • Red Bull Cola has been available throughout Europe since 2008.
  • Ubuntu Cola is a fairtrade cola from the United Kingdom available in parts of Western Europe.
  • Virgin Cola was popular in South Africa and Western Europe in the 1990s but has waned in availability.
  • Vita-Cola is a German cola brand with a distinct citrus flavour; nowadays it is mostly sold in eastern Germany.
  • Kletta Gos ColaIceland
  • Corsica Cola is a regional cola distributed by the Corsican brewery Pietra.
  • RC Cola — now sold in the United Kingdom and in Sweden.
  A can of generic brand Cola

  North America

  • Royal Crown (RC Cola) is widely available in the United States, Canada, and Mexico.
  • Big Cola (Big Cola) made by Peruvian transnational Ajegroup and is sold in the northern parts of Mexico.
  • Inca Kola: not a cola. (In Peru and much of Spanish-speaking South America, "Kola" with a "K" is the generic term used for any flavour of carbonated soft drink, not only colas). The Peruvian soft drink brand is marketed in many countries by the Coca-Cola group. It is the number one selling soft drink in Peru outselling Coca-Cola nationwide. This bright yellow bubblegum-flavoured carbonated beverage is especially popular in Peru, once the heartland of the Inca Empire, but Inca Kola also sells well in surrounding countries. In 2000, Coca-Cola bought 49 percent of Corporación José R. Lindley S.A., the creator and producer of Inca Kola, securing the worldwide distribution rights to Inca Kola as part of the agreement.[10]
  • Cott produces many house brand beverages as well as its own line of products, most notably its Black Cherry cola.
  • TuKola and Tropicola are brands from Cuba (also sold widely in Italy).
  • Fentimans Curiosity Cola, originating from the United Kingdom in 1905, is now sold across Europe and North America.
  • Jones Soda also makes a cola, using cane sugar.
  • Jolt Cola is sold by Wet Planet Beverages, of Rochester, New York. Originally, the slogan was "All the sugar and twice the caffeine." It dropped the slogan when it switched from cane sugar to high fructose corn syrup.
  • Johnnie Ryan is a regional cola bottled in Niagara Falls, New York. Established in 1935, it makes it with 100% cane sugar and also sells 22 other flavours.
  • Polar Beverages of Worcester, Ma produces its own brand of cola under the Polar name.
  • Red Bull Cola has been available in the United States since 2008.
  • Faygo Cola is a soft drink distributed in the Midwest, Mid-Atlantic, and Central Southern regions of the United States. Faygo can be found in some regions of Canada, Cola being one of more than fifty flavours.
  • Jarritos Cola is a type of cola from Mexico, while popular and native to Mexico, it is widely distributed mainly to Latino citizens of the United States.

  Africa

  • Pepsi Cola
  • Coca-Cola

  South America

  Oceania

  Etymology

The word cola may have been introduced into mainstream culture by the major producer Coca-Cola,[citation needed] as it saw its trademark slipping into common use, like other genericized trademarks. It has tried to maintain the exclusive right to sell products using the "Coca-Cola" name and its diminutive form "Coke", by suggesting the alternative of "cola drink" as a generic name for similar types of carbonated soft drinks.[citation needed] The word cola as part of the Coca-Cola trademark may have originated from the kola nuts that were originally used as the source of caffeine.

  Anti-Diet Cola

In recent years, "anti-diet colas" have been created as alternatives to the "flavourless" diet colas.

  Examples

  See also

  References

  1. ^ a b http://www.cocaine.org/cocawine.htm
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ Sparror.cubecinema.com
  4. ^ M. Ataman Aksoy, John C. Beghin, ed. (2005). "Sugar Policies: An Opportunity for Change". Global Agricultural Trade and Developing Countries. World Bank Publications. pp. 329. ISBN 0-8213-5863-4. 
  5. ^ Is Mexican Coke the real thing? By Louise Chu Associated Press November 9, 2004 The San Diego Union-Tribune
  6. ^ Seattletimes.nwsource.com
  7. ^ USAtoday.com
  8. ^ Horovitz, Bruce (2011-03-11). "Pepsi, Frito-Lay capitalize on fond thoughts of the good ol' days". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/money/advertising/2011-03-11-1Athrowback11_ST_N.htm. Retrieved 29 September 2011. 
  9. ^ Tina M. Saldana, Olga Basso, Rebecca Darden, and Dale P. Sandler (2007). "Carbonated beverages and chronic kidney disease". Epidemiology 18 (4): 501–6. DOI:10.1097/EDE.0b013e3180646338. PMID 17525693. 
  10. ^ Corporación José R. Lindley S.A.
  11. ^ http://www.ajegroup.com/
  12. ^ http://www.incakola.com.pe
  13. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AmBev
  14. ^ http://www.creditosperu.com.pe/pp-pepsico-inc-sucursal-del-peru.php
  15. ^ http://www.donjorge.com.pe/index.php
  16. ^ a b http://www.elsa.cl/

  External links

   
               

Colas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Colas is a surname and may refer to:

See also

 

Toutes les traductions de COLAS


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