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définition - EMD E8

voir la définition de Wikipedia

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Wikipedia

EMD E8

                   
EMD E8
Rock Island E8 #652, operated by Midland Railway of Baldwin City, Kansas.
Power type Diesel-electric
Builder General Motors Electro-Motive Division (EMD)
Model E8
Build date August 1949 – January 1954
Total produced 449 A units, 46 B units
AAR wheel arr. A1A-A1A
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Engine type Two-stroke diesel
Cylinders V12
Power output 2,250 hp (1,678 kW)
Disposition most scrapped, several preserved
  Inside Cab view. The Engineer / Operator position of an E8 Locomotive

The EMD E8 was a 2,250-horsepower (1,678 kW), A1A-A1A passenger-train locomotive manufactured by General Motors' Electro-Motive Division (EMD) of La Grange, Illinois. The cab version, or E8A, was manufactured from August 1949 to December 1953, and 449 were produced – 446 for U.S., and 3 for Canada. The booster version, or E8B, was manufactured from December 1949 to January 1954, and 46 were produced – all for the U.S. The 2,250 hp was achieved with two 1,125 hp (839 kW) 12 cylinder model 567B engines, each driving a generator to power the two traction motors on one truck. The E8 was the ninth model in the line of passenger diesels of similar design known as EMD E-units.

The noses of the E8 cab units had the appearance of a bulldog's snout when viewed from the side, and E7, E8, and E9 units (and their four axle cousins, the F-unit series) have been nicknamed “bulldog nose” units. Earlier E-unit locomotives had a more slanted nose and were nicknamed “shovel nose” units or “slant nose” units. After passenger trains were canceled on the Erie Lackawanna in 1970, the E8s were re-geared for freight and were very reliable for the EL. These units were on freight trains until the early years of Consolidated Railroad Corporation ("Conrail").

Contents

  Original owners

Railroad Quantity
A units
Quantity
B units
Road numbers
A units
Road numbers
B units
Notes
Electro-Motive Division (demonstrator)
1
5600A
to Southern Pacific 6018
Electro-motive Division (demonstrator)
1
952
to Rock Island 643 1st E8A built
Electro-motive Division (demonstrator)
2
810-811
to Delaware Lackawanna & Western 810-811
Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway
2
83A–84A
Model E8m
8
3
2, 4, 5, 82, 84–87
4A, 80A, 82A
Model E8m, rebuilt from E1A and E1B
Atlantic Coast Line Railroad
6
532, 544–548
1
500
Model E8m, rebuilt from E3A
Boston and Maine Railroad
1
3821
to Missouri Pacific 42 in 1962
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad
16
26,A–32,A, 90,A–96,A
Even numbers only
5
6
51, 53–56
51X–56X
Model E8m, rebuilt from EA and EB
Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad
38
9937B, 9938A,B–9948A,B, 9949A, 9964–9977
Central of Georgia Railway
2
811–812
Chicago and North Western Railway
22
5019B, 5021A,B–5030A,B, 5031A
Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad
13
644–656
656 is Model E8m
Chesapeake and Ohio Railway
31
4000–4030
Canadian Pacific Railway
3
1800–1802
Bought for joint Boston and Maine service in New England; only E-units purchased new by a Canadian railroad
Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad
9
812–820
Erie Railroad
14
820–833
Fort Worth and Denver Railway
2
9981A,B
Gulf, Mobile and Ohio Railroad,
1
100A
Model E8m, rebuilt from an ex-B&O EA
Illinois Central Railroad
16
2
4018–4033
4104–4105
Kansas City Southern Railway
4
26–29
1
23
Model E8m, rebuilt from E3A
Louisville and Nashville Railroad
4
794–797
Missouri-Kansas-Texas Railroad
9
106A,B, 107A,B, 131–135
Missouri Pacific Railroad
4
7018–7021
renumbered 38–41
New York Central Railroad
62
4036–4095, 4003, 4020
Pennsylvania Railroad
74
5700A–5716A, 5760A–5769A, 5788A–5799A, 5801A–5810A, 5835A–5839A, 5884A–5899A, 5902A–5905A
5762 to New York Central 4097
Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Railroad
15
5
1001–1015
1051—1055
Seaboard Air Line Railroad
11
3049–3059
to Seaboard Coast Line 588-598
St. Louis-San Francisco Railway
17
2006–2022
All named after a Kentucky Derby winner, hence the name of their paint scheme
Southern Railway
7
2923–2929
renumbered 6900-6905, 6916
Southern Railway (New Orleans and North Eastern)
10
6906–6915
Texas and Pacific Railway
8
2010–2017
renumbered 30–37
Union Pacific Railroad
17
24
926–942
926B–949B
4
922B–925B
Model E8m, rebuilt from E2B
Wabash Railroad
14
1003–1015, 1000
Totals 449 46

  Surviving examples

It is estimated that 58 E8s have survived into preservation.[1] A notable example is the former NYC 4085, preserved at the New York Central Railroad Museum, which has the distinction of having been the lead locomotive on the final eastbound 20th Century Limited.[2] Another surviving E8 is operated by the Midland Railway, in Baldwin City, Kansas. Privately owned, this unit is ex-Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Railroad E8A #652 and is used for special events. NYC 4096, recently restored from scrap in the past, is also currently on display. New York Central 4097, privately owned, is on display at Merli Mfg Co, Duanseburg, New York. Southern Railway E8A unit #6900 is operational at the North Carolina Transportation Museum in Spencer, North Carolina. It pulled the original Southern Crescent consist. Southern #6901 is on display in Duluth, GA, at the Southeastern Railway Museum. Another Southern Railway E8 #6913 is currently being restored at the Southern Appalachia Railway Museum in Oak Ridge, TN for use on their Southern excursion train. And yet another, Southern #6914, is under restoration at Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum. Of the aforementioned units owned by Conrail, three were saved after their freight-service retirement and went on to be refurbished by the Juniata Locomotive Shops in Altoona, PA for use as Conrail's Office Car Special (OCS) until the merger of 1999. One unit went to CSX, and two were sold off to Bennett Levin, CEO of the Juniata Terminal Company, where they have been meticulously overhauled and painted up as twin Pennsylvania Railroad E8's.[3] In June 2008, two authentic New York Central E8's units (4080A & 4068A) were brought to the Medina Railroad Museum in Western New York. They were to be used on train excursions, however few mechanical problems arose which side lined them across from the Museum.[4] Word has come up that the locomotives have been blue card as of September 20, 2011.

  References

  • Marre, Louis A. (1982). Rock Island Diesel Locomotives - 1930-1980. Railfax, Inc. ISBN 0-942192-00-1.
  • Pinkepank, Jerry A. (1973). The Second Diesel Spotter's Guide. Kalmbach Publishing Co., Milwaukee, WI. EMD–124. ISBN 0-89024-026-4. 
  • Reich, Sy (1973). Diesel Locomotive Rosters – The Railroad Magazine Series. Wayner Publications. No Library of Congress or ISBN.

  Specific

  External links

   
               

 

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