voir la définition de Wikipedia
|Full name||Fenerbahçe Spor Kulübü|
|Nickname(s)||Sarı Kanaryalar (The Yellow Canaries)
Sarı Lacivertliler (The Yellow-Navy Blues)
|Founded||3 May 1907
as Fenerbahçe Football Club
|Website||Club home page|
Fenerbahçe Spor Kulübü (English: Fenerbahçe Sports Club) (Turkish pronunciation: [feˈnæɾbaht͡ʃɛ]) is a Turkish sports club based in Istanbul, Turkey. The club's name comes from the Fenerbahçe neighbourhood of Istanbul. Fenerbahçe is one of the biggest and the best supported clubs in Turkey. Fenerbahçe is a multi-sports club and competes in football, basketball, volleyball, athletics, swimming, sailing, rowing, boxing and table tennis with many major honours won in each branch. The club is also one of the major contributors of Turkish representatives for the Olympic Games. The club has 307.115 paid members as of 25 June 2012.
|Active departments of Fenerbahçe|
Fenerbahçe S.K. was founded in 1907 in Kadıköy, Istanbul as a football club by local men Ziya Songülen (then Nurizade Ziya Bey), Ayetullah Bey and Enver Necip Okaner (then Enver Necip Bey). This group of individuals founded the club secretly in order to keep a low profile and not get into any trouble with the strict Ottoman rule. At that time the Sultan, Abdul Hamid II, forbade the Turkish youth from setting up a club nor engaging in the game of football. Songülen was elected the first president of the club, Ayetullah Bey became the first General Secretary, and Okaner was given the post of the General Captain. The lighthouse situated on the Fenerbahçe cape was a big influence on the design of the club's first emblem, which sported the yellow and white colors of daffodils around the lighthouse. The kits were also designed with yellow and white stripes. The emblem and colors of the club were changed in 1910 when Topuz Hikmet redesigned the badge and Ziya Bey changed the colors to yellow and navy, still seen today. Fenerbahçe's activities were kept in secrecy until a legislation reform in 1908, when, under a new law, all football clubs had to register to exist legally. Fenerbahçe joined the Istanbul League in 1909, finishing fifth in their first year. The founding line-up included Ziya Songülen, Ayetullah Bey, Necip Okaner, Galip Kulaksızoğlu, Hasan Sami Kocamemi, Asaf Beşpınar, Enver Yetiker, Şevkati Hulusi Bey, Fuat Hüsnü Kayacan, Hamit Hüsnü Kayacan, and Nasuhi Baydar. Fenerbahce played against the staff of the Royal Navy that occupied Istanbul during the Turkish War of Independence. The club's basketball section was founded in 1913.
The Turkish Football Federation founded a national league in 1959. Fenerbahçe won the first tournament, beating Galatasaray S.K. 4–1 on aggregate. The next year, Fenerbahçe participated in the European Cup for the first time. They qualified through a 4–3 win over Csepel SC. They lost their first round game to OGC Nice 1–5 in a playoff game after drawing on aggregate. Fenerbahçe became the most successful Turkish club of the 1960s. They were also runners-up three times. In the Balkans Cup 1966–67 (a competition set up for Eastern European clubs from Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Romania, Turkey, and Yugoslavia that existed between the 1960–61 and 1993–94 seasons), Fenerbahçe won the cup after three matches against Greek club AEK Athens FC, making them the first Turkish club to win a non-domestic competition. This success would remain unparalleled by a Turkish club until Sarıyer G.K. and Samsunspor won the cup many years later in the 1990s.
The 1970s saw Galatasaray win four more league titles. The decade also saw the first non-Istanbul club and a club outside of Fenerbahçe, Beşiktaş J.K., and Galatasaray S.K. to win a league title. Trabzonspor went on to win four titles during the decade. Fenerbahçe won three titles in the 1980s, titles Galatasaray S.K. and Beşiktaş J.K. dominated the Turkish League during the 1990s, combining to win nine out of 10 ti Fenerbahçe's only Turkish League success during the 1990s came in the 1995–1996 season under Carlos Alberto Parreira. Fenerbahçe won the league in 2001, denying Galatasaray a fifth consecutive title. They followed up the next season with a runners-up place behind Galatasaray with new coach Werner Lorant. The next season, however, did not go so well as Fenerbahçe finished in sixth place with Ariel Ortega in the squad. Despite this, that season is memorable to many Fenerbahçe fans due to a 6–0 win against arch-rivals Galatasaray in Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium on 6 November 2002. After firing Werner Lorant, they hired another German coach, Christoph Daum. Daum had previously coached in Turkey, winning the league with Beşiktaş J.K. in 1994–95. Fenerbahçe brought in players including Pierre van Hooijdonk, Mehmet Aurélio, and Fabio Luciano as a rebuilding process. These new players lead Fenerbahçe to their fifteenth title and third star (one being awarded for every 5 league titles won by a club). The next year was followed up by a narrow championship over Trabzonspor, winning the then record of sixteen Turkish First Football League championships. Fenerbahçe lost the title in the last week of the 2005–06 season to Galatasaray. Fenerbahçe needed a win, but instead drew 1–1 with Denizlispor while Galatasaray won 3–0 over Kayserispor.
Soon after, Christoph Daum stepped down as manager, and was replaced by Zico on 4 July 2006. Zico began his reign by signing two new defenders, highly-touted Uruguayan international Diego Lugano, and fellow Brazilian Edu Dracena. Zico also signed two strikers, Serbian international Mateja Kežman, and another Brazilian, Deivid. Fenerbahçe's 2006–07 domestic season started off with a 6–0 win over relegation candidates Kayseri Erciyesspor. In the 32nd week of the Süper Lig, Fenerbahçe drew Trabzonspor 2–2, while Beşiktaş J.K. lost to Bursaspor 0–3, putting the former out of contention for the title. Fenerbahçe won their seventeenth Turkish Süper Lig title in 2007, the most in Turkey. Fenerbahçe started off their 2007–08 season by signing Brazilian international Roberto Carlos. The deal saw the defender come for free after his contract was not extended by Real Madrid. Young Turkish players like Gökhan Gönül, Yasin Çakmak, Ilhan Parlak, Ali Bilgin, Turkish-English attacker Colin Kazim-Richards, Turkish-Brazilian left back Gökçek Vederson joined Fenerbahçe in the beginning of the season and Chile national football team captain Claudio Maldonado joined the team in January '08 transfer window.
On 11 January 2007, Fenerbahce S.K. was officially invited to G-14. G-14 is an association which consists of top clubs worldwide. Fenerbahçe S.K. is the only Turkish club that have been invited to this association. On March 2008, Fenerbahçe's record application was accepted by Guinness World Records Menagement Team, which envisages Fenerbahçe to have the highest number of medal and trophy achievements on the planet with its 9 branches entirely, total of 1134 cups and medals. In the UEFA Champions League 1996–97 season Fenerbahçe completed the group stage with seven points and, amongst others, beat Manchester United 1–0 in Old Trafford, the first time the English club had ever lost a home European match, after 40 years of competing in European games. Under Zico’s command, Fenerbahçe qualified from the UEFA Champions League 2007–08 group stage for the first time in the club's history and went on to beat Sevilla FC to become a quarter-finalist in the 2007–08 season. So far, Zico is also the most successful manager of the team's history in the European arena. After successful scores both in local league of Turkey and international matches, Zico gained a new nickname from Fenerbahçe fans: Kral Arthur (meaning "King Arthur" in Turkish). Since 2000, Fenerbahçe S.K. improved the club's finances and facilities, bringing world stars to the club such as Haim Revivo, Ariel Ortega, Serhiy Rebrov, Pierre van Hooijdonk, Alex de Souza, Stephen Appiah, Nicolas Anelka, Mateja Kežman, Diego Lugano, Roberto Carlos, Emre Belözoğlu, Dani Güiza and lately Mamadou Niang and Moussa Sow.
Fenerbahçe's 2009–10 season ended in shock as they lost the title on the last day. The Fenerbahçe players were told a draw would be enough towards the end of the match only to find out that other games went against their favour as Bursaspor beat Beşiktaş 2–1 to get the title. Despite the title loss, Fenerbahçe ended the season with the highest number of clean sheets (10), as well as the joint longest winning streak (8).
Fenerbahçe won an 18th Süper Lig title in the 2010–11 season. The team were nine points behind the leaders after 16 games, but went on an unbeaten run of 17 wins and one draw from the last 18 games of the season and won the title with 82 points. Trabzonspor also finished on 82 points but finished second due head-to-head goal average in favor of Fenerbahçe. Alex, became the top scorer of the season with 28 goals, the highest number of goals by a foreign player in history of Turkish football. Following the season's end club president Aziz Yıldırım was remanded in custody over allegations of match-fixing. On 24 August 2011 Fenerbahçe was withdrawn from the Champions League by Turkey's Football Federation because of an ongoing match-fixing investigation.
Since the club's foundation, Fenerbahçe has used the same badge, which has only undergone minor alterations.
It was designed by Hikmet Topuzer, nicknamed Topuz Hikmet, who played as left winger, in 1910 and had made as lapel pins by Tevfik Haccar Taşçı (then Tevfik Haccar) in London. The emblem consists of five colours. The white section which includes the writing Fenerbahçe Spor Kulübü ★ 1907 ★ represents purity and open heartedness, the red section represents love and attachment to the club and symbolises the Turkish flag. The yellow section symbolises other ones' envy and jealousy about Fenerbahçe, while the navy symbolises nobility. The oak leaf which rises from the navy and yellow section shows the force and the power of being a member of Fenerbahçe. The green colour of the leaf shows the success of Fenerbahçe is imperative. Hikmet Topuzer describes the story of the emblem as below:
|“||After the change of the club’s colours from yellow and white to yellow and navy, it was an issue to create an emblem with our new colours. My friends left the design of this emblem to me. Firstly, I brought together the colours of our national flag, red and white. Then drew a heart shape over the red and gave it a yellow and navy colour, adding an acorn leaf that represents resistance, power and strength. I wrote the club name and foundation date on the white section. When drawing our emblem, I tried to give this meaning: Serving the club with dependence from heart. The design was favored by my friends and our new emblem was made through the guidance of Tevfik Haccar, who was in Germany at time. After the new alphabet was approved, the design was protected, but the club name on the emblem was changed to Fenerbahçe Spor Kulübü ★ 1907 ★.||”|
|Color||Pantone||CMYK color model||Hex triplet|
|100||C%0 M%0 Y%100 K%0||#FFFF00|
|288||C%100 M%65 Y%0 K%31||#000080|
Fenerbahçe's senior football team play their home games at the Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium (simply known as Kadıköy or Mabet among supporters), in Kızıltoprak, Kadıköy, Istanbul. The stadium was opened in 1908 and most recently renovated between 1999 and 2006. Its seating capacity is 50,509. Unusually for a Turkish stadium, Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium does not have a running track around the pitch.
The Ülker Sports Arena is a multi-purpose indoor arena in Ataşehir, Istanbul with a capacity of 13,800 seats. The arena completed and opened on January 2012 after over 2 years of construction. Fenerbahçe's senior men's basketball team play their home games at the Ülker Sports Arena.
The Caferağa Sports Hall is a multi-purpose indoor arena located in Bahariye, Kadıköy, Istanbul which opened in 1982. It is owned by the Municipality of Kadıköy and operated by the Directorate of Youth and Sports of the Istanbul Province. Fenerbahçe's senior women's basketball team play their home games at the Caferağa Sports Hall.
The Can Bartu Training Facilities is a training complex located in Samandıra, Sancaktepe, Istanbul. The construction for this top quality training complex began in 1997 during former president Ali Şen’s presidency. The construction was completed in 2000. Fenerbahçe's senior football team use the facilities.
The Lefter Küçükandonyadis Training Facilities is a large complex located at Dereağzı, Kadıköy, Istanbul. Re-opened in 1989 and renovated in 1998. Fenerbahçe's A2, U18, U17, U16, U15 and U14 teams play their home games at the complex. Facilities also serve the basketball departments, volleyball departments, athletics department, the boxing department, the rowing department and the sailing department.
The Topuk Yaylası Facilities is a training complex near forest and a lake, located in the Topuk Plateau in Kaynaşlı, Düzce Province. The construction began in 2010 and completed in 2011. Fenerbahçe's all teams use the complex for their pre-season trainings.
The Türk Telekom Ankara Facilities is a complex located in İncek in the suburbs of Ankara in Ankara Province. The complex hosts Fenerbahçe's all teams that visit Ankara or a nearby locality for their games as well as other teams.
The Faruk Ilgaz Social Facilities is a social complex with an indoor hall, a restaurant, a patisserie, olympic swimming pool, located next to the club’s headquarters. It was initially opened 15 May 1969 but rebuilt during the presidency of the current president Aziz Yıldırım as a modern complex and re-opened on 21 January 2004.
The club's headquarters were initially located on the Fenerbahçe Isle near to the stadium. But, in 2006, the headquarters moved into the stadium to gather all the sections under one roof.
The Samim Göreç Basketball Hall is a basketball hall with a training facility, located in the Lefter Küçükandonyadis Training Facilities in Dereağzı. First opened in 1982 and refurbished on 24 February 2001. Fenerbahçe's men's basketball and women's basketball teams use the hall and the training facility for their trainings.
The Muhtar Sencer Volleyball Hall is a volleyball hall located in the Lefter Küçükandonyadis Training Facilities in Dereağzı. Fenerbahçe's men's volleyball and women's volleyball teams use the hall for their trainings.
The Vefa Küçük Swimming Pool is a semi-Olympic-sized swimming pool in the Fenerbahçe Isle. The pool was built by the former vice president Vefa Küçük and opened on 16 July 1999, and serves the swimming department.
The Fenerbahçe Guesthouse is an inn with a capacity of 60 guests. The inn also hosts new transfers.
The Todori Facility is a top quality restaurant owned and operated by the club, located in Kalamış, Kadıköy.
The Entertainment and Recreation Center is in the Faruk Ilgaz Social Facilities.
The swimming pool is located in the Lefter Küçükandonyadis Training Facilities and hosts the club members and their families.
Fenerbahçe Museum (Turkish: Fenerbahçe Müzesi) is devoted to the history of the club. Founded in 1908 by Ali Rıza Bey, the museum is currently housed in the Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium. Many of the trophies won by the club are on display there.
|Deputy President||Abdullah Kiğılı|
|Vice-president, Investment and Projects||Nihat Özbağı|
|Vice-president, Football Department and Corporate Communications||Alaeddin "Ali" Yıldırım|
|Vice-president, Financial and Administrative Restructuring||Ender Alkaya|
|Vice-president, Social Affairs and the Associations||Mithat Yenigün|
|Vice-president, The Stadium and the Facilities||Ömer Temelli|
|Vice-president, Departments except Football, Basketball and Volleyball||İlhan Ekşioğlu|
|Vice-president, Accountant Member||Tahir Perek|
|Vice-president, Advertising, Marketing and Fundraising||İsfendiyar Zülfikari|
|General Secretary||Talat Yılmaz|
|Legal Affairs||Şekip Mosturoğlu|
|Legal Affairs||Tolga Deniz Aytöre|
|Football teams except the senior, Vice-responsible to the departments except Football, Basketball and Volleyball||Ersan Topbaş|
|Basketball Department||Semih Özsoy|
Source: Board of Directors
|Vice-responsible to Legal Affairs||Yasemin Merçil|
|Social Affairs||Ünal Uzun|
|Volleyball Department||Hakan Dinçay|
|Health Services||Serdar Erkan|
|Fenerbahçe College and Lands assigned||Turhan Şahin|
|Vice-responsible to football teams except senior and the departments except Football, Basketball and Volleyball||Ahmet Ketenci|
|Vice-responsible to the Stadium and the Facilities||Yalçın Haker|
Source: Board of Directors
Companies that Fenerbahçe S.K. currently has sponsorship deals with include.
Fenerbahçe TV (FB TV) is the first sports club channel in Turkey The channel launched in 2004 over satellite (Free-To-Air on Turksat 3A located 42° East, 11957 V 27500 5/6), satellite network services and cable service.
Since rebuilding the Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium, Fenerbahçe's average attendances have been in the top in Turkey. Fenerbahçe have a number of supporters organisations, including Genç Fenerbahçeliler (GFB), Kill For You (KFY), Antu/Fenerlist, EuroFeb, Group CK (Cefakâr Kanaryalar), Vamos Bien, and SUADFEB. The supporters motto is Hep Destek Tam Destek, abbreviated as HDTD (Continuous Unwavering Support).
For A team's football:
For A2 team's football:
For football academy:
Fenerbahçe's second biggest branch is the men basketball team. Fenerbahçe's men basketball department is sponsored by Ülker.
For men's basketball
For women's basketball
Fenerbahçe's third biggest branch is the women volleyball team. Fenerbahçe's men volleyball department sponsored by Grundig. Women volleyball team known as Yellow Angels, sponsored by Universal Hospitals.
For men's volleyball
For women's volleyball
Athletics is an important branch of Fenerbahçe Spor Club. Team has important athletes who have Turkish records. Halil Akkas also member of Fenerbahçe Athletics branch and Esref Apak was. American sprinter Justin Gatlin, Canadian sprinter Donovan Bailey and Jamaica born Slovenian sprinter Merlene Ottey were also member of the team.
Boxing is an important branch of Fenerbahçe Spor Club. Team has important boxers who have Turkish champions. Atagün Yalçınkaya, Gülsüm Tatar and Sümeyra Kaya also members of Fenerbahçe Boxing branch.
Rowing is an important branch of Fenerbahçe Spor Club. Team has the best rowers of Turkey.
Table tennis is an important branch of Fenerbahçe Sports Club.
For table tennis
Swimming is an important branch of Fenerbahçe Sports Club.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Fenerbahçe SK|
|Wikinews has news related to:|
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