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définition - George_C._Scott

George C. Scott (n.)

1.award-winning United States film actor (1928-1999)

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synonymes - George_C._Scott

George C. Scott (n.)

Scott

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George C. Scott

                   
George C. Scott

Scott in June 1984
Born George Campbell Scott
(1927-10-18)October 18, 1927
Wise, Virginia, U.S.
Died September 22, 1999(1999-09-22) (aged 71)
Westlake Village, California, U.S.
Occupation Actor, director, producer
Years active 1958–1999
Spouse Carolyn Hughes (1951–55; divorced); 1 child
Patricia Reed (1955–60; divorced); 2 children
Colleen Dewhurst (1960–65; divorced);2 children
Colleen Dewhurst (1967–72; divorced)
Trish Van Devere (1972–99; his death)

George Campbell Scott (October 18, 1927 – September 22, 1999) was an American stage and film actor, director and producer. He was best known for his stage work, as well as his portrayal of General George S. Patton in the film Patton, and as General Buck Turgidson in Stanley Kubrick's Dr. Strangelove.

Contents

  Early life

George Campbell Scott was born in Wise, Virginia, the son of Helena Agnes (née Slemp; 1904–1935) and George Dewey Scott (1902–1988).[1] His mother died just before his eighth birthday, and he was raised by his father, an executive with Buick. Scott's original ambition was to be a writer like his favorite author, F. Scott Fitzgerald; while attending Redford High School in Detroit, he wrote many short stories, none of which were ever published. As an adult, he tried on many occasions to write a novel, but was never able to complete one to his satisfaction.[citation needed]

Scott joined the US Marines, serving from 1945-49. He was assigned to 8th and I Barracks in Washington, D.C., in which capacity he taught English literature and radio speaking/writing at the Marine Corps Institute. He later claimed his duties at Arlington led to his drinking.[2] After his military service, Scott enrolled in the University of Missouri, where he majored in journalism and then became interested in drama; he left college after a year to pursue acting.

  Broadway and film career

Scott first rose to prominence for his work with Joseph Papp's New York Shakespeare Festival. In 1958, he won an Obie Award for his performances in Children of Darkness (in which he made the first of many appearances opposite his future wife, actress Colleen Dewhurst), for As You Like It, and for playing the title character in William Shakespeare's Richard III (a performance one critic said was the "angriest" Richard III of all time).[3] He was on Broadway the following year, winning critical acclaim for his portrayal of the prosecutor in The Andersonville Trial by Saul Levitt. This was based on the military trial of the commandant of the infamous Civil War prison camp in Andersonville, Georgia. His performance earned him a mention in Time magazine. In 1970, Scott directed a highly acclaimed television version of this same play. It starred William Shatner, Richard Basehart, and Jack Cassidy, who was nominated for an Emmy Award for his performance as the defense lawyer in this production.

Scott continued to appear in and sometimes direct Broadway productions throughout the 1960s. The most commercially successful show in which he worked was Neil Simon's Plaza Suite (1968). The show is composed of three separate one-act plays all utilizing the same set, with Scott portraying a different lead character in each act, and ran for 1,097 performances.

He made many television appearances, including an episode of NBC's The Virginian, in the episode "The Brazen Bell", in which he recites Oscar Wilde's poem "The Ballad Of Reading Gaol". That same year, he appeared in NBC's medical drama The Eleventh Hour, in the episode "I Don't Belong in a White-Painted House". He appeared opposite Laurence Olivier and Julie Harris in Graham Greene's The Power and the Glory in a 1961 television production.[4]

In 1963, Scott was top billed in the CBS hour-long drama series East Side, West Side; he and co-star Cicely Tyson played urban social workers. The show lasted only one season. In 1965 he was cast, under the direction of John Huston, as Abraham with, among others, co-star Ava Gardner cast as Sarah in the Dino de Laurentiis film: The Bible: In the Beginning which was released by 20th Century Fox in 1966.[5] In 1966, Scott appeared as Jud Barker in the NBC western The Road West, starring Barry Sullivan, Kathryn Hays, Andrew Prine, and Glenn Corbett. Scott won wide public recognition in the film Anatomy of a Murder, in which he played a wily prosecutor opposite James Stewart as the defense attorney. Scott was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor.

Scott's most famous early role was in Dr. Strangelove, or How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb, in which he played General "Buck" Turgidson. It is revealed on the DVD documentary that after having shot many takes of any given scene, Stanley Kubrick would frequently ask Scott to redo it in an "over the top" fashion. Kubrick proceeded to use this version in the final cut, which Scott supposedly resented.[6]

Scott portrayed George S. Patton in the 1970 film Patton and researched extensively for the role, studying films of the general and talking to those who knew him. Scott refused the Oscar nomination for Patton, just as he had done for his 1962 nomination for The Hustler.[7]

In a letter to the Motion Picture Academy he stated that he didn't feel himself to be in competition with other actors. However, regarding this second rejection of the Academy Award, Scott famously said elsewhere, "The whole thing is a goddamn meat parade. I don't want any part of it."[2][8] Sixteen years later, in 1986, Scott reprised his role in a made-for-television sequel, The Last Days of Patton. The movie was based on Patton's final weeks after being mortally injured in a car accident, with flashbacks of Patton's life. At the time the sequel was aired, Scott mentioned in a TV Guide interview that he told the Academy to donate his Oscar to the Patton Museum but since the instructions were never put in writing, it was never delivered.[citation needed]

The Oscar is currently displayed at the Virginia Military Institute museum in Lexington, Virginia, the same institution that generations of Pattons have attended. Scott did not turn down the New York Film Critics Award for his performance (of which his then wife Colleen Dewhurst said, "George thinks this is the only film award worth having"[9]).

He continued to do stage work throughout the rest of his career, receiving Tony Award nominations for his performance as Astrov in a revival of Uncle Vanya (1973), his Willy Loman in a revival of Death of a Salesman (1975), and his performance as Henry Drummond in a revival of Inherit the Wind (1996). In the latter play, he had to miss an unusually large number of performances due to illness, with his role being taken over by National Actors Theatre artistic director Tony Randall.[10] In 1996, he received an honorary Drama Desk Award for a lifetime devotion to theatre.

Scott also starred in well-received productions of Larry Gelbart's Sly Fox (1976) (based on Ben Jonson's Volpone), which ran 495 performances, and a revival of Noël Coward's Present Laughter (1982). He frequently directed on Broadway as well, including productions of All God's Chillun Got Wings (1975) and Design for Living (1985), as well as being an actor/director (Death of a Salesman, Present Laughter, and On Borrowed Time (1991)).

In 1971, Scott gave two more critically acclaimed performances, as a de facto Sherlock Holmes in They Might Be Giants and as an alcoholic doctor in the black comedy The Hospital. Despite his repeated snubbing of the Academy, Scott was again nominated for Best Actor for the latter role. Scott excelled on television that year as well, appearing in an adaptation of Arthur Miller's The Price, an installment of the Hallmark Hall of Fame anthology. He was nominated for, and won, an Emmy Award for his role, which he accepted.

Scott also starred in the popular 1980 horror film The Changeling, with Melvyn Douglas. He received the Canadian Genie Award for Best Foreign Film Actor for his performance.[11] In 1981, Scott appeared alongside Timothy Hutton and rising stars Sean Penn and Tom Cruise in the coming-of-age film Taps. IN 1982, he was cast as Fagin in the CBS made-for-TV adaptation of Charles Dickens' Oliver Twist. In 1984, Scott portrayed Ebenezer Scrooge in a television adaptation of A Christmas Carol. He was nominated for an Emmy Award for the role.

On Influences:

I think I learned to act from people like James Cagney and Paul Muni. And I'm sure I learned more from Bette Davis than anyone. She has enormous presence, a sense of surprise. She sets you up like a great boxer and BAM! she gives you something else. She does have a certain consistent style, but when you examine her work you find enormous variety of color and intelligence.

Scott on Some Aspects of Acting, Time Magazine, March 22, 1971

In 1989, Scott starred in the television movie The Ryan White Story, as a lawyer defending Ryan White from discrimination. In 1990, he voiced "Smoke", the villain in the television special Cartoon All-Stars to the Rescue. In 1990, he also voiced the villainous Percival McLeach in Disney's The Rescuers Down Under. He was featured in The Exorcist III the same year. The following year, he hosted the TV series Weapons At War on A&E TV but was replaced after one season by Gerald McRaney. Weapons At War moved to The History Channel with Scott still credited as host for the first season. Scott was replaced by Robert Conrad after his death in 1999.

Scott had a reputation for being moody and mercurial while on the set. "There is no question you get pumped up by the recognition," he once said, "Then a self-loathing sets in when you realize you're enjoying it."[12] A famous anecdote relates that one of his stage costars, Maureen Stapleton, told the director of Neil Simon's Plaza Suite, "I don't know what to do—I'm scared of him." The director, Mike Nichols, replied, "My dear, everyone is scared of George C. Scott."[13]

  Politics

In 1982, Scott appeared in a campaign commercial for Republican U.S. Senator Lowell P. Weicker of Connecticut.[14] Like Weicker, Scott was at that time a resident of Greenwich, Connecticut.

  Personal life

Scott was married five times:

  1. Carolyn Hughes (1951–1955) (one daughter, Victoria, born December 19, 1952)
  2. Patricia Reed (1955–1960) (two children: Matthew – born May 27, 1957 – and actress Devon Scott – born November 29, 1958).
  3. The Canadian-born actress Colleen Dewhurst (1960–1965), by whom he had two sons, writer Alexander Scott (born August 1960), and actor Campbell Scott (born July 19, 1961). Dewhurst nicknamed her husband "G.C."
  4. He remarried Colleen Dewhurst on July 4, 1967, but they divorced for a second time on February 2, 1972.
  5. American actress Trish Van Devere on September 4, 1972, with whom he starred in several films, including the supernatural thriller The Changeling (1980). They remained married until his death in 1999.
    • He had a daughter, Michelle (born August 21, 1954) with Karen Truesdell.

While he was divorced from Colleen Dewhurst, he developed a stormy relationship with actress Ava Gardner fueling their bouts with alcohol; continuing an age-old problem dating back to his military service.

  Death

  George C. Scott's unmarked grave

Scott died on September 22, 1999, one month before his 72nd birthday from a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm. His remains were interred in the Westwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery in Westwood, California, in an unmarked grave. Walter Matthau, who died less than a year later, is buried in an adjacent plot.[15]

  Selected filmography

  References

  1. ^ "Letter from George Dewey Scott, father of actor George C Scott". Wise County Virginia Genealogical Research Site. January 6, 1981. http://vagenweb.org/wise/georgesletter.html. Retrieved 2011-12-23. 
  2. ^ a b "Obituaries—George C. Scott: The Man Who Refused an Oscar". bbc.co.uk. September 23, 1999. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/obituaries/455563.stm. Retrieved 2011-12-23. 
  3. ^ "1957–1958 Obie Awards". Infoplease.com. 2007. http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0153529.html. Retrieved 2011-12-23. 
  4. ^ Terry Coleman (2005). Olivier. Henry Holt & Co. p. 591. ISBN 0-8050-7536-4. 
  5. ^ http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0001715/bio 4/9/2012
  6. ^ Kedrosky, Paul (November 17, 2004). "James Earl Jones on Dr. Strangelove". Infectious Greed. http://paul.kedrosky.com/archives/2004/11/james_earl_jone.html. Retrieved 2011-12-23. 
  7. ^ Associated Press (September 23, 1999). "Actor George C. Scott Dead at 71". washingtonpost.com. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/aponline/19990923/aponline075119_000.htm. Retrieved 2011-12-23. 
  8. ^ Time (Time.com). March 8, 1971. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,904789,00.html. Retrieved 2011-12-23. 
  9. ^ Mason Wiley and Damien Bona (February 12, 1986). Inside Oscar. Ballantine Books. ISBN 978-0-345-31423-9. 
  10. ^ Mel Gussow (September 24, 1999). "George C. Scott, Celebrated for 'Patton' Role, Dies at 71". The New York Times (NYTimes.com). http://www.nytimes.com/1999/09/24/movies/george-c-scott-celebrated-for-patton-role-dies-at-71.html?ref=georgecscott. Retrieved 2011-12-23. 
  11. ^ David Nusair (December 17, 2001). "The Changeling". Reel Film Reviews. http://www.reelfilm.com/chngling.htm. Retrieved 2011-12-23. 
  12. ^ "The Beauty Who Tamed the Beast". People. February 7, 1977. http://www.people.com/people/archive/article/0,,20067401,00.html. Retrieved 2011-12-23. 
  13. ^ "George C. Scott: Tempering a Terrible Fire". Time (Time.com). March 22, 1971. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,904935,00.html. Retrieved February 19, 2011. 
  14. ^ Nick Ravo (November 2, 1988). "A Snoozing Bear Upsets Courtly Connecticut Politics". New York Times (NYTimes.com). http://www.nytimes.com/1988/11/02/nyregion/a-snoozing-bear-upsets-courtly-connecticut-politics.html?pagewanted=all. Retrieved 2011-12-23. 
  15. ^ "George C. Scott". Find a Grave. November 8, 1999. http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=6887. Retrieved 2012-12-23.  (1927–1999)

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