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définition - Highland_(council_area)

voir la définition de Wikipedia

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Wikipedia

Highland (council area)

                   
Highland
A' Ghàidhealtachd
Hieland
Logo Coat of arms
Logo Coat of arms
Location
Highland in Scotland.svg
Geography
Area Ranked 1st
- Total 30,659 km2 (11,838 sq mi)
Admin HQ Inverness
ISO 3166-2 GB-HLD
ONS code 00QT
Demographics
Population Ranked 7th
- Total (2010 est.) 221,600
- Density 9 / km²
Politics
The Highland Council
http://www.highland.gov.uk/
(Comhairle na Gaidhealtachd
http://www.gaidhealtachd.gov.uk/)
Control
TBA (council NOC)
MPs
MSPs

Highland (Scottish Gaelic: A' Ghàidhealtachd; pronounced [kɛːəlˠ̪t̪əxk])[1] is a council area in the Scottish Highlands and is the largest local government area in both Scotland and the United Kingdom as a whole. It shares borders with the council areas of Moray, Aberdeenshire, Perth and Kinross, and Argyll and Bute. Their councils, and those of Angus and Stirling, also have areas of the Scottish Highlands within their administrative boundaries. The Highland area covers most of the mainland and inner-Hebridean parts of the former counties of Inverness-shire and Ross and Cromarty, all of Sutherland, Caithness and Nairnshire, and small parts of Argyll and Moray.

Contents

  Geography

  Topographic map of Highland Council

The area was created as a two-tier region in 1975, under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973, with an elected council for the whole region and, in addition, elected councils for each of eight districts, Badenoch and Strathspey, Caithness, Inverness, Lochaber, Nairn, Ross and Cromarty, Skye and Lochalsh and Sutherland. The act also abolished county and burgh councils. In 1996, under the Local Government etc (Scotland) Act 1994, the Highland Regional Council and the district councils were wound up and their functions were transferred to a new Highland Council. The Highland Council adopted the districts as management areas and created area committees to represent them. However, the boundaries of committee areas ceased to be aligned exactly with those of management areas as a result of changes to ward boundaries in 1999. Ward boundaries changed again in 2007, and the management areas and related committees have now been abolished in favour of three new corporate management areas, Caithness, Sutherland and Easter Ross; Inverness, Nairn and Badenoch and Strathspey; and Ross, Skye and Lochaber. The names of these areas are also names of constituencies, but boundaries are different.

To many people within the area, using the name Highland as a noun sounds wrong. Dingwall in Highland, for example, sounds strange and is not idiomatic usage. To refer specifically to the area covered by the council, people tend to say the Highland Council area or the Highland area or the Highland region. Otherwise they tend to use the traditional county names, such as Ross-shire. Highlands sometimes refers to the Highland council area (as in Highlands and Islands Fire and Rescue Service). More usually, however, it refers to a somewhat larger or overlapping area. Northern (as in Northern Constabulary) is also used to refer to the area covered by the Highlands and Islands Fire and Rescue Service (which includes the island council areas of Orkney, Shetland and Na h-Eileanan Siar (Western Isles).

The Highland Council headquarters is located in Inverness with most previous district council offices retained as outstations.

  Politics

  Councillors

The Highland Council represents 22 wards, of which each elects three or four councillors by the single transferable vote system of election, to produce a form of proportional representation in a council of 80 members.

  Political representation

The most recent general election of the council was on 3 May 2007, and resulted in a so-called Independent Group and Scottish National Party (SNP) coalition administration. The SNP withdrew from the coalition in June 2008, and an Independent Group, Liberal Democrat and Labour coalition was formed in August 2008.

Although consisting largely of former independent councillors, the Independent Group functions as a party, with Councillor Sandy Park as its leader and members accepting what is effectively a party whip.[2] The process of collapse of the Sandy Park group and SNP coalition also produced an Independent Members Group consisting of councillors who are outside the Sandy Park group and outside the ruling coalition.

In February 2010 yet another independent group outside the ruling coalition was formed, the Independent Alliance Group. Since then, political representation has been as follows:

Independent Group (Sandy Park group) Liberal Democrats Scottish National Party Labour Independent Members Group Independence Alliance Group
25 22 17 7 5 4

  Members of the Scottish Parliament

For elections to the Scottish Parliament the Highland area is within the Highlands and Islands electoral area, which elects eight first past the post constituency Members of the Scottish Parliament (MSPs) and seven additional member MSPs. Three of the region's constituencies, each electing one MSP, are within the Highland area: Caithness, Sutherland and Easter Ross, Inverness East, Nairn and Lochaber and Ross, Skye and Inverness West.

  Members of Parliament

In the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom the Highland area is represented by Members of Parliament (MPs) elected from three constituencies: Caithness, Sutherland and Easter Ross; Inverness, Nairn, Badenoch and Strathspey; and Ross, Skye and Lochaber. Each constituency elects one MP by the first past the post system of election.

  Towns and villages in the Highland Council Area

  Places of interest in the Highland Council Area

  See also

  References

  External links

Coordinates: 57°30′N 5°00′W / 57.5°N 5°W / 57.5; -5

   
               

 

Toutes les traductions de Highland_(council_area)


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