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Wikipedia

List of defunct law enforcement agencies in the United Kingdom

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Due to various Parliamentary Acts the numbers of law enforcement agencies in the United Kingdom has varied drastically since the Metropolitan Police Act of 1829 set up the first modern police force in London.

There are currently over 60 law enforcement agencies operating in the United Kingdom. See List of law enforcement agencies in the United Kingdom for these.

See also: Category:Defunct police forces of the United Kingdom. For former (non-police) law enforcement agencies, see Category:Defunct law enforcement agencies of the United Kingdom.

Contents

England and Wales police forces

Abolished before 1889

The County Police Act 1840 allowed for borough police forces to voluntarily amalgamate with county constabularies.

  • Abingdon Borough Police, to Berkshire
  • Andover Borough Police (1846, to Hampshire)
  • Banbury Borough Police, to Oxfordshire
  • Bodmin Borough Police (1865, to Cornwall)
  • Bradninch Borough Police (1865, to Devon)
  • Chipping Norton Borough Police, to Oxfordshire
  • Henley Borough Police, to Oxfordshire
  • Honiton Borough Police; (to Devon County)
  • Launceston Borough Police (1883, to Cornwall)
  • Liskeard Borough Police (1877, to Cornwall)
  • Lymington Borough Police (1852, to Hampshire)
  • Monmouth Borough Police (1881, to Monmouthshire)
  • Newbury Borough Police (1875, to Berkshire)
  • Okehampton Borough Police (1860, to Devon)
  • Romsey Borough Police (1865, to Hampshire)
  • South Molton Borough Police (1877, to Devon)
  • Tavistock Borough Police (1856, to Devon)
  • Thames River Police, absorbed into the London Metropolitan Police in 1839
  • Torrington Borough Police (1870, then again from 1878–1886, to Devon)
  • Torquay Borough Police (1870, to Devon)
  • Totnes Borough Police (1884, to Devon)
  • Wallingford Borough Police, to Berkshire
  • Wantage Borough Police, to Berkshire
  • Warwick Borough Police (1875, to Warwickshire)
  • Wolborough Borough Police (1859, to Devon)

Abolished under the Local Government Act 1888

The Act, which came into force in 1889 passed control of county constabularies to standing joint committees of county councillors and magistrates, and merged smaller borough police forces (where the town had a population of less than 10,000) with the county police.

  • Basingstoke Borough Police (1889, to Hampshire)
  • Bideford Borough Police (1889, to Devon)
  • Buckingham Borough Police (1889 to Buckinghamshire)
  • Deal Borough Police (1889, to Kent)
  • Falmouth Borough Police (1889, to Cornwall)
  • Faversham Borough Police (1889, to Kent)
  • Helston Borough Police (1889, to Cornwall)
  • Hertford Borough Police (1889, to Hertfordshire)
  • Hythe Borough Police (1889, to Kent)
  • Maidenhead Borough Police (1889, to Berkshire)
  • Newport Borough Police (1890, to Isle of Wight)
  • Penryn Borough Police (1889, to Cornwall)
  • Sandwich Borough Police (1889, to Kent)
  • Stratford-upon-Avon Borough Police (1889, to Warwickshire)
  • St Ives Borough Police (1889, to Huntingdonshire)
  • Tenterden Borough Police (1889, to Kent)

Abolished 1890–1942

  • Barnstaple Borough Police (1921, to Devon)
  • Berwick upon Tweed Police (1921, to Northumberland)
  • Devonport Borough Police (1914, to Plymouth)
  • Hanley Borough Police (1910, to Stoke-on-Trent Borough Police)
  • Ryde Borough Police (1922, to Isle of Wight)
  • Stonehouse District Police (1914)
  • Truro City Police (1921, to Cornwall)

Abolished under the Defence (Amalgamation of Police Forces) Regulations 1942

  • Dover Borough Police (1943, to Kent)
  • Folkestone Borough Police (1943, to Kent)
  • Maidstone Borough Police (1943, to Kent)
  • Margate Borough Police (1943, to Kent)
  • Ramsgate Borough Police (1943, to Kent)
  • Rochester City Police (1943, to Kent)
  • Tiverton Borough Police (1943, to Devon)
  • Tunbridge Wells Police Force (1943, to Kent)
  • Winchester City Police (1942, to Hampshire Joint)
  • Guildford Borough Police (1943 to Surrey)
  • Reigate Borough Police (1943 to Surrey)

Abolished under the Police Act 1946

Non-county borough forces
County borough forces
County forces

Abolished under the Police Act 1964

Borough forces
County/combined forces

Abolished by the Local Government Act 1972

All territorial police forces in England and Wales (except the Metropolitan Police and City of London Police) were abolished and reconstituted at midnight on March 31, 1974/April 1, 1974. This list shows the ones that existed then and their fate (ignoring minor transfers).

Irish police forces

Scottish police forces

Each police burgh had a police force originally, although many merged in the 19th century.

Abolished 1930

The Local Government (Scotland) Act 1929 merged two pairs of county constabularies.

  • Kinross-shire County Constabulary to Perthshire and Kinross-shire Constabulary
  • Morayshire County Constabulary to Moray and Nairn Constabulary
  • Nairnshire Constabulary to Moray and Nairn Constabulary
  • Perthshire County Constabulary to Perthshire and Kinross-shire Constabulary
Abolished 1931–1946
  • Lerwick Burgh Police May 29, 1940 to Zetland Constabulary
  • Zetland County Police May 29, 1940 to Zetland Constabulary
Abolished under the Police (Scotland) Act 1946
  • Aberdeenshire Constabulary May 16, 1949 to Scottish North Eastern Counties Constabulary
  • Banffshire Constabulary May 16, 1949 to Scottish North Eastern Counties Constabulary
  • Berwickshire Constabulary to Berwick, Roxburgh and Selkirk Constabulary
  • Bute County Constabulary to Renfrew and Bute Constabulary
  • Clackmannanshire Constabulary 1949 to Strling and Clackmannan Constabulary
  • Dumfriesshire County Police February 16, 1948 to Dumfries and Galloway Constabulary
  • Dunfermline City Police May 16, 1949 to Fife Constabulary
  • East Lothian Constabulary to Lothians and Peeblesshire Constabulary
  • Fife County Constabulary May 16, 1949 to Fife Constabulary
  • Kincardineshire Constabulary May 16, 1949 to Scottish North Eastern Counties Constabulary
  • Kirkcaldy Burgh Police May 16, 1949 to Fife Constabulary
  • Midlothian Constabulary to Lothians and Peeblesshire Constabulary
  • Moray and Nairn Constabulary May 16, 1949 to Scottish North Eastern Counties Constabulary
  • Peeblesshire Constabulary to Lothians and Peeblesshire Constabulary
  • Renfrewshire Constabulary to Renfrew and Bute Constabulary
  • Roxburghshire Constabulary to Berwick, Roxburgh and Selkirk Constabulary
  • Selkirkshire constabulary to Berwick, Roxburgh and Selkirk Constabulary
  • Stewartry of Kirkcudbright Police February 16, 1948 to Dumfries and Galloway Constabulary
  • Stirlingshire Constabulary 1949 to Strling and Clackmannan Constabulary
  • West Lothian Constabulary to Lothians and Peeblesshire Constabulary
  • Wigtownshire County Police February 16, 1948 to Dumfries and Galloway Constabulary
Abolished 1950s
  • Dumbarton Burgh Police 1959 to Dunbartonshire Constabulary
  • Dunbarton County Constabulary 1959 to Dunbartonshire Constabulary
Abolished 1960s
  • Caithness Constabulary 1969 to Northern Constabulary
  • Greenock Burgh Police to Renfrew and Bute Constabulary
  • Inverness Burgh Police November 16, 1969 to Inverness Constabulary
  • Inverness-shire County Constabulary November 16, 1969 to Inverness Constabulary
  • Kilmarnock Burgh Police to Ayrshire Constabulary
  • Orkney Constabulary 1969 to Northern Constabulary
  • Perth City Police 1964 to Perth and Kinross Constabulary
  • Perthshire and Kinross-shire Constabulary 1964 to Perth and Kinross Constabulary
  • Ross and Cromarty Constabulary 1963 to Ross and Sutherland Constabulary
  • Sutherland Constabulary 1963 to Ross and Sutherland Constabulary
  • Zetland Constabulary 1969 to Northern Constabulary
Abolished 1975

The Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 created new police forces based on the new regions and island areas from May 16, 1975.

Railway police forces

From the archives of the British Transport Police:

  • Birmingham & Derby Railway Police (1836)
  • Birmingham & Gloucester Railway Police (1836)
  • Bristol & Exeter Railway Police (18361876)
  • Bristol Joint Railway Station Police (18651948)
  • Caledonian Railway Police (1845-1922)
  • Cambrian Railway Police (18671923)
  • Cardiff Railway Police (1897 - 1921)
  • Cheshire Line Committee Police (1865 - 1948)
  • Dundee & Arbroath Railway Police (1836 - 1923)
  • Eastern Counties Railway Police (1836 - 1862)
  • Eastern Union Railway Police (1847 - 1862)
  • East Lincolnshire Railway Police (1848)
  • Festiniog Railway Police (1884)
  • Furness Railway Police (1844 - 1922)
  • Great Central Railway Police (1897 - 1923)
  • Great Eastern Railway Police (1862 - 1923)
  • Great Northern Railway Police (1848 - 1923)
  • Great Western Railway Police (1835-1947)
  • Hull and Barnsley Railway Police (1885 - 1922, became part of North Eastern Railway Police)
  • Hull & Selby Railway Police (1836/1854 - 1872, became part of North Eastern Railway Police)
  • Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway Police (1833 - 1846)
  • Lancaster and Carlisle Railway Police (1844-1879, became part of London & North Western Railway Police)
  • London & Birmingham Railway Police (1833 - 1846)
  • London, Brighton & South Coast Railway Police (1846 - 1923)
  • London & Croydon Railway Police (1835 - 1846)
  • London & Greenwich Railway Police (1833 - 1844)
  • London, Midland & Scottish Railway Police (1923 - 1948)
  • London & North Eastern Railway Police (1923 - 1948)
  • London & North Western Railway Police (1846 - 1923)
  • London & Southampton Railway Police (1838 - 1839)
  • London & South West Railway Police (1839 - 1923)
  • London, Tilbury & Southend Railway Police (1854-1912, became part of Midland Railway Police)
  • London Transport Police (April 1934-1 December 1958, became part of British Transport Commission)
  • London Underground Railways (13 April 1933-?, became part of London Transport Police)
  • Manchester & Leeds Railway Police (1837 - 1847)
  • Manchester, Sheffield & Lincolnshire Railway Police (1836 - 1844)
  • Midland Counties Railway Police (1836 - 1844)
  • Newcastle & North Shields Railway Police (1839 - )
  • North British Railway Police (1840 - 1844)
  • Northern & Eastern Counties Railway Police (1840 - 1844)
  • North Eastern Railway Police (1854 - 1923)
  • North Staffordshire Railway Police (1845 - 1923)
  • Pembroke & Tenby Railway Police (1859 - 1897)
  • Stockton & Darlington Railway Police (1846 - 1876)
  • South Devon Railway Police (1846 - 1876)
  • South Eastern Railway Police (1836 - 1898)
  • Southern Railway Police (1923 - 1948)
  • South Eastern & Chatham Railway Police (1898 - 1923)
  • South Wales Railway Police (1845 - 1863)
  • Taff Vale Railway Police (1919 - 1923)
  • York, North Midland Railway Police (1839 - 1854)

Docks and port police forces

  • Aberdeen Harbour Police
  • Barry Docks Police (1884 - 1922)
  • Boston Docks Police 1922 - 1963
  • Bute Docks Police (1865 - 1985)
  • Commercial Docks Police (1810-1865, became part of Surrey Commercial Docks Police)
  • Glasgow Marine Police
  • Gloucester Dock Police (26 February 1836 - 25 November 1874, became part of Sharpness Dock Police)
  • Gloucester and Berkley Docks Police (1827 - 1948)
  • Greenock Harbour Police (1817 - ?, became part of Greenock Burgh Police)
  • Grimsby Docks Police
  • Hull Docks Police (1840-1893, became part of North Eastern Railway Police)
  • Isle of Man Harbour Police
  • Jersey Harbour Police
  • Kingstown Harbour Police (1836-1924, became part of Dun Laoghaire Harbour Police)
  • London and India Docks Police
  • Londonderry Harbour Police (1858-?)
  • Swansea Harbour Trust Police
  • Newport Harbour Police
  • Port of London Authority Police (1909-28 February 1992, became Port of Tilbury Police)
  • Southampton Docks Police (before 1872 - after 1966)

Canal/river police forces

Airport police forces

  • Birmingham Airport Police
  • British Airports Authority Police (formerly Ministry of Civil Aviation Constabulary)
  • East Midlands Airport Police
  • Glasgow Airport Police (1966 - 1974)
  • Isle of Man Airport Police - refounded 2007[1]
  • Liverpool Airport Police
  • Luton Airport Police
  • Manchester Airport Police
  • Newcastle Airport Police
  • Northern Ireland Airports Constabulary
  • Southend-on-Sea Airport Police

Other police forces

National

Parks

Merged into MoD Police

Miscellaneous

Non-police law enforcement agencies

References

 

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