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définition - Manufacturing

manufacture (n.)

1.the organized action of making of goods and services for sale"American industry is making increased use of computers to control production"

2.the act of making something (a product) from raw materials"the synthesis and fabrication of single crystals" "an improvement in the manufacture of explosives" "manufacturing is vital to Great Britain"

manufacture (v. trans.)

1.make up something artificial or untrue

2.put together out of artificial or natural components or parts"the company fabricates plastic chairs" "They manufacture small toys" "He manufactured a popular cereal"

manufacture (v.)

1.create or produce in a mechanical way"This novelist has been manufacturing his books following his initial success"

2.produce naturally"this gland manufactures a specific substance only"

manufacturing (n.)

1.the act of making something (a product) from raw materials"the synthesis and fabrication of single crystals" "an improvement in the manufacture of explosives" "manufacturing is vital to Great Britain"

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Merriam Webster

ManufactureMan`u*fac"ture (?), n. [L. manus the hand + factura a making, fr. facere to make: cf. F. manufacture. See Manual, and Fact.]
1. The operation of making wares or any products by hand, by machinery, or by other agency.

2. Anything made from raw materials by the hand, by machinery, or by art, as cloths, iron utensils, shoes, machinery, saddlery, etc.

ManufactureMan`u*fac"ture, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Manufactured (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Manufacturing.] [Cf. F. manufacturer.]
1. To make (wares or other products) by hand, by machinery, or by other agency; as, to manufacture cloth, nails, glass, etc.

2. To work, as raw or partly wrought materials, into suitable forms for use; as, to manufacture wool, cotton, silk, or iron.

ManufactureMan`u*fac"ture, v. i. To be employed in manufacturing something.

ManufacturingMan`u*fac"tur*ing, a.
1. Employed, or chiefly employed, in manufacture; as, a manufacturing community; a manufacturing town.

2. Pertaining to manufacture; as, manufacturing projects.

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définition (complément)

voir la définition de Wikipedia

synonymes - Manufacturing

voir aussi

locutions

-Agreement concerning the Manufacture of, Internal Trade in and Use of Prepared Opium • Agreement concerning the Suppression of the Manufacture of, Internal Trade in, and Use of, Prepared Opium • Alkali manufacture • Article of manufacture • Car manufacture • Chemical manufacture • Convention for Limiting the Manufacture and Regulating the Distribution of Narcotic Drugs • Envelope manufacture • Food manufacture • Grasshopper Manufacture • Industrial manufacture • Manufacture d'armes de Bayonne • Manufacture d'armes de Châtellerault • Manufacture d'armes de Saint-Étienne • Manufacture d'horlogerie • Manufacture de Nast • Manufacture des Gobelins • Manufacture nationale de Sèvres • Manufacture of Sodium hydroxide by Nelson's process • Manufacture of cheddar cheese • Manufacture royale de glaces de miroirs • National Alliance for Advanced Transportation Battery Cell Manufacture • Spicule (glass manufacture) • Textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution • Validation (drug manufacture) • Year of manufacture • Zsolnay Porcelain Manufacture

-A Manufacturing Language • Additive manufacturing • Advanced Manufacturing Park • Aircraft Manufacturing and Design • American Axle and Manufacturing, Inc. • American system of manufacturing • American system of watch manufacturing • Amoskeag Manufacturing Company • Andon (manufacturing) • Arab Pharmaceutical Manufacturing • Artificial Limbs Manufacturing Corporation of India • Association for Manufacturing Technology • Aviation Manufacturing Corporation • BMW Manufacturing Co. Spartanburg • Barrett Firearms Manufacturing • Battery Manufacturing Association • Bemis Manufacturing Company • Best Manufacturing Company • Bevin Brothers Manufacturing Company • Billet (manufacturing) • Bolt manufacturing process • Boring (manufacturing) • Boston Manufacturing Company • Boucher Manufacturing Company • Bowser Manufacturing • Briley Manufacturing • Bundy Manufacturing Company • Bus manufacturing • Car manufacturing • Car manufacturing in Romania • Cellular manufacturing • Chatham Manufacturing Company • Chemical manufacturing • Cincinnati East Manufacturing and Warehouse District • Cly-Del Manufacturing Company • Colt's Manufacturing Company • Compact Disc manufacturing • Computer-aided manufacturing • Continuous Flow Manufacturing • Contract Manufacturing • Contract manufacturing • Corwin Manufacturing Company • Design for manufacturing • Desktop manufacturing • Detroit (Wheeler Manufacturing) • Dickson Manufacturing Company • Die (manufacturing) • Direct digital manufacturing • Discrete manufacturing • Dobro Manufacturing Company • Dot Cycle and Motor Manufacturing Company • Downstream (manufacturing) • Eagle Manufacturing Company • Electronic Contract Manufacturing • Electronics manufacturing services • Engineering, Printing and Manufacturing Union • English system of manufacturing • Enterprise manufacturing intelligence • Flash (manufacturing) • Flexible manufacturing system • Food manufacturing • Fusing (manufacturing) • Future Manufacturing Technologies • Garrard Engineering and Manufacturing Company • Gear manufacturing • Glossary of textile manufacturing • Good Automated Manufacturing Practice • Good manufacturing practice • Gorham Manufacturing Company • Great Planes Model Manufacturing • Hafner Manufacturing Company • Harold and Inge Marcus Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering • Hendrick Manufacturing Company • High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle manufacturing in China • High Standard Manufacturing Company • Hindustan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company • Honda of Canada Manufacturing • Hornady Manufacturing • IEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing • Indian Institute of Information Technology, Design and Manufacturing, Jabalpur • Institute for Manufacturing • Integrated manufacturing database • Intermountain Manufacturing Company • International Manufacturing Technology Show • International Sematech Manufacturing Initiative • Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industrial Company • Iran Combine Manufacturing Company • Ives Manufacturing Company • Kirk Manufacturing Company (automobile company) • Knight's Manufacturing Company • Laminated object manufacturing • Lean manufacturing • Lean manufacturing systems • Light manufacturing • Lights out (manufacturing) • Lindsay Manufacturing • Lindsay Manufacturing Co. • List of Intel manufacturing sites • List of Toyota manufacturing facilities • List of bicycle manufacturing companies • List of bicycle part manufacturing companies • List of former automotive manufacturing plants • MIT–Leaders for Manufacturing • Manufacturing Business Technology • Manufacturing Compatibility Analysis • Manufacturing Consent (disambiguation) • Manufacturing Dissent • Manufacturing Engineering Centre • Manufacturing Science and Finance • Manufacturing Technologies Association • Manufacturing bill of materials • Manufacturing clause • Manufacturing in Chad • Manufacturing in Ethiopia • Manufacturing in Ghana • Manufacturing in Vietnam • Manufacturing industries of Japan • Manufacturing operations • Manufacturing plant • Manufacturing process management • Manufacturing test requirement design specification • Manufacturing, Science and Finance • McCoy Manufacturing • McGuire-Cummings Manufacturing Company • Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering (Ruhuna) • Melroe Manufacturing Company • Mervin manufacturing • Midway Manufacturing Co. v. Artic International, Inc. • Modiran Vehicle Manufacturing Company • Murata Manufacturing • Nashua Manufacturing Company • National Center for Manufacturing Sciences • Newburyport Car Manufacturing Company • Nihon Aircraft Manufacturing Corporation • Niles Car and Manufacturing Company • Nissan Motor Manufacturing (UK) Ltd • Non-Manufacturing Business Activity Index • Non-Manufacturing ISM Report on Business • Oak Manufacturing • Outline of manufacturing • PDQ Manufacturing • Para-Ordnance Manufacturing Inc. • Partin Manufacturing Company (automobile company) • Penn Line Manufacturing • Peter Paul Candy Manufacturing Company • Pocasset Manufacturing Company • Pope Manufacturing Company • Powell Manufacturing Company • Process manufacturing • Product Manufacturing Information • Rada Manufacturing • Rajo Motor and Manufacturing • Rapid manufacturing • Reconfigurable Manufacturing System • Red Oxx Manufacturing • Regal Manufacturing Company • Release to manufacturing • Research Center for Advanced Manufacturing • Rupertus Patented Pistol Manufacturing Company • SAP Xapp Manufacturing Integration and Intelligence • Sailboat design and manufacturing • Sellner Manufacturing • Semiconductor manufacturing • Shanghai Aircraft Manufacturing Factory • Sharps Rifle Manufacturing Company • Shiloh Rifle Manufacturing Company • Shingo Prize for Excellence in Manufacturing • Society of Manufacturing Engineers • Software manufacturing • Spring Hill Manufacturing • Squire Car Manufacturing Company • Standard time (manufacturing) • Stover Manufacturing and Engine Company • Success Automobile Manufacturing Company • Takeuchi Manufacturing • Tbilisi Aircraft Manufacturing • Textile manufacturing • The Oz Film Manufacturing Company • Thrall Car Manufacturing Company • Tire manufacturing • Tombstone (manufacturing) • Toyota Manufacturing UK • Toyota Motor Manufacturing Indiana • Toyota Motor Manufacturing Kentucky • Toyota Motor Manufacturing Mississippi • Toyota Motor Manufacturing Texas • Toyota Motor Manufacturing de Baja California • Toyota Motor Manufacturing, Kentucky, Inc. v. Williams • Truck manufacturing • U.S. Fire Arms Manufacturing Company • Universal Manufacturing Corporation • Use of biotechnology in pharmaceutical manufacturing • WEA Manufacturing • Warwick Manufacturing Group • Wason Manufacturing Company • Web (manufacturing) • Western Electric Manufacturing Company • Whitlock (manufacturing) • ZeroNine Manufacturing

dictionnaire analogique





 

factotum[Domaine]

Creation[Domaine]

create, do, make, run up[Hyper.]

producer[Dérivé]

manufacture (v.)




manufacture (v. tr.)





Wikipedia - voir aussi

Wikipedia

Manufacturing

                   
Product’s lifecycle.svg
  Assembly of Section 41 of a Boeing 787 Dreamliner

Manufacturing is the use of machines, tools and labor to produce goods for use or sale. The term may refer to a range of human activity, from handicraft to high tech, but is most commonly applied to industrial production, in which raw materials are transformed into finished goods on a large scale. Such finished goods may be used for manufacturing other, more complex products, such as aircraft, household appliances or automobiles, or sold to wholesalers, who in turn sell them to retailers, who then sell them to end users – the "consumers".

Manufacturing takes turns under all types of economic systems. In a free market economy, manufacturing is usually directed toward the mass production of products for sale to consumers at a profit. In a collectivist economy, manufacturing is more frequently directed by the state to supply a centrally planned economy. In mixed market economies, manufacturing occurs under some degree of government regulation.

Modern manufacturing includes all intermediate processes required for the production and integration of a product's components. Some industries, such as semiconductor and steel manufacturers use the term fabrication instead.

The manufacturing sector is closely connected with engineering and industrial design. Examples of major manufacturers in North America include General Motors Corporation, General Electric, and Pfizer. Examples in Europe include Volkswagen Group, Siemens, and Michelin. Examples in Asia include Toyota, Samsung, and Bridgestone.

Contents

  History and development

  • In its earliest form, manufacturing was usually carried out by a single skilled artisan with assistants. Training was by apprenticeship. In much of the pre-industrial world the guild system protected the privileges and trade secrets of urban artisans.
  • Before the Industrial Revolution, most manufacturing occurred in rural areas, where household-based manufacturing served as a supplemental subsistence strategy to agriculture (and continues to do so in places). Entrepreneurs organized a number of manufacturing households into a single enterprise through the putting-out system.
  • Toll manufacturing is an arrangement whereby a first firm with specialized equipment processes raw materials or semi-finished goods for a second firm.

  Manufacturing systems: changes in methods of manufacturing

  Industrial policy

  Economics of manufacturing

According to some economists, manufacturing is a wealth-producing sector of an economy, whereas a service sector tends to be wealth-consuming.[1][2] Emerging technologies have provided some new growth in advanced manufacturing employment opportunities in the Manufacturing Belt in the United States. Manufacturing provides important material support for national infrastructure and for national defense.

On the other hand, most manufacturing may involve significant social and environmental costs. The clean-up costs of hazardous waste, for example, may outweigh the benefits of a product that creates it. Hazardous materials may expose workers to health risks. Developed countries regulate manufacturing activity with labor laws and environmental laws. Across the globe, manufacturers can be subject to regulations and pollution taxes to offset the environmental costs of manufacturing activities. Labor Unions and craft guilds have played a historic role in the negotiation of worker rights and wages. Environment laws and labor protections that are available in developed nations may not be available in the third world. Tort law and product liability impose additional costs on manufacturing. These are significant dynamics in the on-going process, occurring over the last few decades, of manufacture-based industries relocating operations to "developing-world" economies where the costs of production are significantly lower than in "developed-world" economies.

Manufacturing may require huge amounts of fossil fuels. Automobile construction requires, on average, 20 barrels of oil.[3]

  Manufacturing and investment

Surveys and analyses of trends and issues in manufacturing and investment around the world focus on such things as:

  • the nature and sources of the considerable variations that occur cross-nationally in levels of manufacturing and wider industrial-economic growth;
  • competitiveness; and
  • attractiveness to foreign direct.

In addition to general overviews, researchers have examined the features and factors affecting particular key aspects of manufacturing development. They have compared production and investment in a range of Western and non-Western countries and presented case studies of growth and performance in important individual industries and market-economic sectors.[4][5]

On June 26, 2009, Jeff Immelt, the CEO of General Electric, called for the United States to increase its manufacturing base employment to 20% of the workforce, commenting that the U.S. has outsourced too much in some areas and can no longer rely on the financial sector and consumer spending to drive demand.[6] A total of 3.2 million – one in six U.S. manufacturing jobs – have disappeared between 2000 and 2007.[7] In the UK, EEF the manufacturers organisation has led calls for the UK economy to be rebalanced to rely less on financial services and has actively promoted the manufacturing agenda.

  Manufacturing processes

  Manufacturing categories

  Theories

  Control

  See also

  References

  1. ^ Friedman, David (2006). "No Light at the End of the Tunnel". Los Angeles Times. New America Foundation. http://www.newamerica.net/publications/articles/2002/no_light_at_the_end_of_the_tunnel. Retrieved 2007-05-12. 
  2. ^ Joseph, Keith (1976). "Monetarism Is Not Enough". Center for Policy Studies. Margaret Thatcher Foundation. http://www.margaretthatcher.org/commentary/displaydocument.asp?docid=110796. Retrieved 2007-05-12. 
  3. ^ "World oil supplies are set to run out faster than expected, warn scientists". The Independent. June 14, 2007.
  4. ^ Manufacturing & Investment Around The World: An International Survey Of Factors Affecting Growth & Performance, ISR Publications/Google Books, revised second edition, 2002. ISBN 978-0-906321-25-6.
  5. ^ Research, Industrial Systems (2002-05-20). Manufacturing and Investment Around the World: An International Survey of Factors Affecting Growth and Performance. ISBN 978-0-906321-25-6. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=4H07TL4rvyYC&dq=isbn:0906321255. 
  6. ^ Bailey, David and Soyoung Kim (June 26, 2009).GE's Immelt says U.S. economy needs industrial renewal.UK Guardian.. Retrieved on June 28, 2009.
  7. ^ "Factory jobs: 3 million lost since 2000". USATODAY.com. April 20, 2007.

  Sources

  1. Kalpakjian, Serope; Steven Schmid (August 2005). Manufacturing, Engineering & Technology. Prentice Hall. pp. 22–36, 951–988. ISBN 0-13-148965-8. 

  External links


   
               

 

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