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définition - Osaka_Prefecture

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Wikipedia

Osaka Prefecture

                   
Osaka Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese 大阪府
 • Rōmaji Ōsaka-fu

Symbol of Osaka Prefecture
Coordinates: 34°41′11″N 135°31′12″E / 34.68639°N 135.52°E / 34.68639; 135.52Coordinates: 34°41′11″N 135°31′12″E / 34.68639°N 135.52°E / 34.68639; 135.52
Country Japan
Region Kansai
Island Honshu
Capital Osaka
Government
 • Governor Ichiro Matsui
Area
 • Total 1,899.28 km2 (733.32 sq mi)
Area rank 46th
Population (January 1, 2012)
 • Total 8,864,228
 • Rank 3rd
 • Density 4,700/km2 (12,000/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-27
Districts 5
Municipalities 43
Flower Japanese apricot (Prunus mume)
Primrose (Primula sieboldii)
Tree Ginkgo tree (Ginkgo biloba)
Bird Bull-headed shrike (Lanius bucephalus)
Website www.pref.osaka.jp/en/index.html

Osaka Prefecture (大阪府 Ōsaka-fu?) is a prefecture located in the Kansai region on Honshu, the main island of Japan.[1] The capital is the city of Osaka. It is the center of Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto area.[2]

Contents

  History

Until the Meiji Restoration, the area of Osaka prefecture was known as Kawachi, Izumi and Settsu provinces.[3]

Osaka Prefecture was created in 1868, at the very beginning of the Meiji era.[4]

On September 1, 1956, the city of Osaka was promoted to a city designated by government ordinance and thereby divided into 24 wards.

In 2000, Fusae Ota became Japan's first female governor when she replaced Knock Yokoyama, who resigned after prosecution for sexual harassment.[5]

On April 1, 2006: the city of Sakai was promoted to a city designated by government ordinance and thereby divided into seven wards.

In 2008, Tōru Hashimoto, previously famous as a counselor on television, was elected at the age of 38 as the youngest governor in Japan.

  Reform

  Hashimoto's proposed division of the city of Osaka and Sakai along with 9 other cities in 20 special wards similar to Tokyo.

In 2010, the Osaka Restoration Association was created with backing by Governor Tōru Hashimoto, attempting to reform Osaka Prefecture into Osaka Metropolis reducing affiliated organizations of Osaka Prefecture and the City of Osaka.

In the 2011 local elections the association was able to win the majority of the prefectural seats.

  Geography

Osaka Prefecture neighbors the prefectures of Hyōgo and Kyoto in the north, Nara in the east and Wakayama in the south. The west is open to Osaka Bay. The Yodo and Yamato Rivers flow through the prefecture.

Prior to the construction of Kansai International Airport, Osaka was the smallest prefecture in Japan. The artificial island on which the airport was built added enough area to make it slightly larger than Kagawa Prefecture.[6][7]

As of 31 March 2008, 10% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely Kongō-Ikoma-Kisen Quasi-National Park, Meiji no Mori Minō Quasi-National Park, and Hokusetsu Prefectural Natural Park.[8] In July 2011 a further area was designated for protection as the Hannan-Misaki Prefectural Natural Park.[9]

  Cities

  Map of Osaka Prefecture.
  Osaka Pref. Head Office

Thirty-three cities are located in Osaka Prefecture:

  Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district.

  Mergers

  Economy

  Diamond district in Umeda
  Herbis ENT
  Osaka castle Reproduction Tower
  Osaka Castle park and Osaka business park
  Famous advertisement by Glico man in Dōtonbori (middle-left)

The gross prefecture product of Osaka for the fiscal year 2004 was ¥38.7 trillion, second after Tokyo with an increase of 0.9% from the previous year. This represented approximately 48% of the Kinki region. The per capita income was ¥3.0 million, seventh in the nation.[10] Commercial sales the same year was ¥60.1 trillion.[11]

Overshadowed by such globally renowned electronics giants as Panasonic and Sharp, the other side of Osaka's economy can be characterized by its Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) activities. The number of SMEs based in Osaka in 2006 was 330,737, accounting for 99.6% of the total number of businesses in the prefecture.[12] While this proportion is similar to other prefectures (the average nationwide was 99.7%), the manufactured output of the SMEs amounted to 65.4% of the total within the prefecture, a rate significantly higher than Tokyo's 55.5%, or Kanagawa's 38.4%.[13] One model from Osaka of serving the public interest and restimulting the regional economy combined with industry-education cooperation efforts is the Astro-Technology SOHLA,[14] with is struggling artificial satellite project.[15] Having originally started from a gathering of Higashiosaka based SMEs, Astro-Technology SOHLA, has not only grown into a Kansai region- wide group but has also won the support from the government, through technology and material support from Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA),[16] and financial support from NEDO.[17][18]

The Osaka Securities Exchange, specializing in derivatives such as Nikkei 225 Futures, is based in Osaka.

There are many electrical, chemical,pharmaceutical, heavy industry, food, and housing companies in Osaka Prefecture.

  Major companies

  Major factories and research institutes

  Demographics

According to the 2005 Population Census of Japan, Osaka prefecture has a population of 8,817,166, an increase of 12,085, or 0.14%, since the Census of year 2000.[19]

  Culture

  Temples and Shrines

  Museums

  Universities in Osaka Prefecture

  Parks

  Transportation

  Rail

  People Mover

  Road

Expressway

National Highway

  • Route 1
  • Route 2
  • Route 25
  • Route 26
  • Route 43
  • Route 163
  • Route 165
  • Route 166
  • Route 168
  • Route 170
  • Route 171
  • Route 173
  • Route 176
  • Route 307
  • Route 308
  • Route 309
  • Route 310
  • Route 371
  • Route 423
  • Route 477
  • Route 479
  • Route 480
  • Route 481

  Airport

  Sports

The sports teams listed below are based in Osaka.

  Football (soccer)

  Baseball

  Basketball

  Volleyball

  Rugby union

  Transportation

Osaka Prefecture has three airports (Kansai International Airport, Osaka International Airport, and Yao Airport).

For more information about the railroad system, see Category:Rail transport in Osaka Prefecture (Osaka mass transit ).

  Education

Public elementary and junior high schools in the prefecture are operated by the municipalities. Public high schools are operated by the Osaka Prefectural Board of Education.

  Friendship relationships

Osaka Prefecture has sister-city type relationships with these ten locations:[21]

  Prefectural symbols

The symbol of Osaka Prefecture, called the sennari byōtan or "thousand gourds," was originally the crest of Toyotomi Hideyoshi, the feudal lord of Osaka Castle.

  Miscellanea

  See also

  Notes

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Osaka-fu" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 759 at Google Books; "Kansai" in p. 477 at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Osaka" in p. 759 at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in p. 780 at Google Books.
  4. ^ "大阪のあゆみ (History of Osaka)" (in Japanese). http://www.pref.osaka.jp/j_intro/ayumi/ayumi1.html. Retrieved 2007-03-12. The creation of Osaka prefecture took place slight earlier than many other prefectures, that had to wait for abolition of the han system in 1871.
  5. ^ Tolbert, Kathryn. "Election of First Female Governor Boosts Japan's Ruling Party", The Washington Post, February 8, 2000.
  6. ^ "平成10年全国都道府県市区町村の面積の公表について(Official announcement on the national territory and area of 1998, by prefectures, cities, districts, towns and villages)", Geographical Survey Institute, Government of Japan, January 29, 1999.
  7. ^ "コラム Vol.017 全国都道府県市区町村面積調 (Column: "National Area Investigation" vol.017)", Alps Mapping K.K., March 8, 2001.
  8. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture". Ministry of the Environment. http://www.env.go.jp/en/nature/nps/park/doc/files/np_6.pdf. Retrieved 2 February 2012. 
  9. ^ "Hannan-Misaki Prefectural Natural Park". Ōsaka Prefecture. http://www.pref.osaka.jp/midori/midori/hannan-misaki.html. Retrieved 2 February 2012. 
  10. ^ "平成16年度の県民経済計算について (Prefectural Economy for the fiscal year 2004 based on 93SNA) Cabinet Office, Government of Japan" (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 2007-06-14. http://web.archive.org/web/20070614232333/http://www.esri.cao.go.jp/jp/sna/kenmin/h16/kenmin1.pdf. Retrieved 2007-03-13. 
  11. ^ "大阪府民経済計算 (Osaka Prefectural Economy based on 93SNA) Osaka Prefectural Government" (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 2007-06-14. http://web.archive.org/web/20070614232402/http://www.pref.osaka.jp/aid/naniwa/naniwa2007/n2007-2-5.pdf. Retrieved 2007-03-13. 
  12. ^ "2006 White Paper on Small and Medium Enterprises in Japan, Japan Small Business Research Institute (Japan)". http://www.chusho.meti.go.jp/pamflet/hakusyo/h18/download/2006hakusho_eng.pdf. Retrieved 2007-03-13. 
  13. ^ "なにわの経済データ (The Naniwa Economy Data)" (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 2007-06-14. http://web.archive.org/web/20070614232332/http://www.pref.osaka.jp/aid/naniwa/naniwa2007/n2007-2-3.pdf. Retrieved 2007-03-13. 
  14. ^ "Astro-Technology SOHLA" (in Japanese). http://www.sohla.com/index.php. Retrieved 2007-03-14. 
  15. ^ "Japan Advertising Council". http://www.ad-c.or.jp/eng/index.html. Retrieved 2007-03-14.  For details on the campaign featuring SOHLA, navigate through the Japanese page to the 2003 campaign listing, at entry "東大阪の人工衛星" (Higashiosaka's Satellite) [1]
  16. ^ ""Smaller firms build a satellite" City of Osaka, Chicago Office". http://www.osakacity.org/news/newsItem.aspx?news=244. Retrieved 2007-03-14. 
  17. ^ The New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization
  18. ^ ""Study of PETSAT" NEDO, 2005" (in Japanese with English abstract). http://www.nedo.go.jp/kibanbu/saitaku/15h/houkokusho/16higasiosaka.pdf. Retrieved 2007-03-14. 
  19. ^ "Table 1: 大阪府の人口の推移 ( Population Change of Osaka Prefecture)" (in Japanese). Osaka Prefectural Government. Archived from the original on 2007-01-05. http://web.archive.org/web/20070105142219/http://www.pref.osaka.jp/toukei/kokucho/gaiyou1.html. Retrieved 2007-03-13. 
  20. ^ 財団法人 国際花と緑の博覧会記念協会:English:Expo'90 Foundation
  21. ^ Osaka's friendships regions/states and Overseas Offices
  22. ^ 回転寿司!元祖 廻る元禄寿司 !回転寿司の事始め!, retrieved March 14, 2007 (Japanese)

  References

  External links

   
               

 

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