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définition - Poaching

poach (v.)

1.cook in a simmering liquid"poached apricots"

2.hunt illegally"people are poaching elephants for their ivory"

poaching (n.)

1.cooking in simmering liquid

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Merriam Webster

PoachPoach (pōch), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Poached (pōcht); p. pr. & vb. n. Poaching.] [F. pocher to place in a pocket, to poach eggs (the yolk of the egg being as it were pouched in the white), from poche pocket, pouch. See Pouch, v. & n.]
1. To cook, as eggs, by breaking them into boiling water; also, to cook with butter after breaking in a vessel. Bacon.

2. To rob of game; to pocket and convey away by stealth, as game; hence, to plunder. Garth.

PoachPoach, v. i. To steal or pocket game, or to carry it away privately, as in a bag; to kill or destroy game contrary to law, especially by night; to hunt or fish unlawfully; as, to poach for rabbits or for salmon.

PoachPoach, v. t. [Cf. OF. pocher to thrust or dig out with the fingers, to bruise (the eyes), F. pouce thumb, L. pollex, and also E. poach to cook eggs, to plunder, and poke to thrust against.]
1. To stab; to pierce; to spear, as fish. [Obs.] Carew.

2. To force, drive, or plunge into anything. [Obs.]

His horse poching one of his legs into some hollow ground. Sir W. Temple.

3. To make soft or muddy by trampling. Tennyson.

4. To begin and not complete. [Obs.] Bacon.

PoachPoach, v. i. To become soft or muddy.

Chalky and clay lands . . . chap in summer, and poach in winter. Mortimer.

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définition (complément)

voir la définition de Wikipedia

synonymes - Poaching

poach (v.)

hunt, pilfer, shirr, smuggle, steal

voir aussi

poach (v.)

poacher, poaching

poaching (n.)

poach

locutions

dictionnaire analogique







Wikipedia - voir aussi

Wikipedia

Poaching

                   

Poaching is the illegal taking of wild plants or animals; the law concerned may be e.g. the law of property or local or international conservation and wildlife management laws. Violations of hunting laws and regulations are normally punishable by law and, collectively, such violations are known as poaching.

Poaching, like smuggling, has a long counter-cultural history, dispassionately reported for England in "Pleas of the Forest", transgressions of the rigid Anglo-Norman Forest Law.[1] and romanticized in literature from the time of the ballads of Robin Hood, as an aspect of the "greenwood" of Merry England. Non est inquirendum, unde venit venison ("It is not to be inquired, whence comes the venison"), observed Guillaume Budé in his Traitté de la venerie.[2] See also the Night Poaching Act 1828 and Game Act 1831.

In modern times poaching may be illegal and in violation because

  • The game or fish is not in season; usually the breeding season is declared as the closed season when wildlife species are protected by law.
  • The poacher does not own the land he is poaching on and does not have permission from the owner to hunt on that land
  • The poacher does not possess a valid permit.
  • The poacher is illegally selling the animal, animal parts or plant for a profit.
  • The animal is being hunted outside of legal hours.
  • The hunter used an illegal weapon for that animal.
  • The animal or plant is on restricted land.
  • The right to hunt this animal is claimed by somebody.
  • The type of bait is inhumane, e.g. food unsuitable for an animal's health.
  • The means used are illegal (for example, baiting a field while hunting quail or other animals, using spotlights to stun or paralyze deer, or hunting from a moving vehicle, watercraft, or aircraft).
  • The animal or plant is protected by law or has been listed as extinct or endangered (see for example the Endangered Species Act in the USA or the Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918 and similar laws/treaties).
  • The animal or plant has been tagged by a researcher.

Only wild animals can be poached. Stealing or killing domestic animals is considered to be theft ("cattle rustling"), not poaching.

Plant poaching is also on the rise. A prominent example is the removal of ginseng growing in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park.[3] It is estimated that wild ginseng plants are worth more than $260–365 per pound (dried) on the black market.[4]

Contents

  Traditional medicine

  A seashell vendor in Tanzania sells to tourists seashells which have been taken from the sea alive, killing the animal inside.
  The American paddlefish is poached for its eggs

Traditional Chinese medicine often incorporates ingredients from all parts of plants, the leaf, stem, flower, root, and also ingredients from animals and minerals. The use of parts of endangered species (such as seahorses, rhinoceros horns, binturong and tiger bones and claws) has created controversy and resulted in a black market of poachers who hunt restricted animals.[5][6] Deep-seated cultural beliefs in the potency of tiger parts are so prevalent across China and other east Asian countries that laws protecting even critically endangered species such as the Sumatran tiger fail to stop the display and sale of these items in open markets, according to a 2008 report from TRAFFIC.[7] Popular "medicinal" tiger parts from poached animals include tiger penis, culturally believed to improve virility, and tiger eyes.

  Slips of authority

There have been many national and international actions taken against certain kinds of poaching and hunting. Hunting for ivory was banned in 1989, but poaching of elephants continues in many parts of Africa stricken by economic decline. The Philippines has more than 400 endangered animals, all of which are illegal to poach.

Some species, such as the sturgeon or paddlefish (aka spoonbill catfish) are listed as species of "special concern" by the U.S. Federal government, but are only banned from fishing in a few states such as Mississippi and Texas.[8] The species, which is being overfished for its eggs to make caviar, is still allowed to be taken in all other states.

  Addressing the problem

Some game wardens have made use of robotic decoy animals placed in high visibility areas to draw out poachers for arrest after the "animals" get shot.[9]

  See also

  References

  1. ^ British History Online: "Pleas of the Forest. Staffordshire"
  2. ^ Budé, Traitté de la venerie, reported by Sir Walter Scott, The Fortunes of Nigel, Ch. 31: "The knave deer-stealers have an apt phrase, Non est inquirendum unde venit venison"; Henry Thoreau, and Simon Schama, Landscape and Memory, 1995:137, reporting William Gilpin, Remarks on Forest Scenery.
  3. ^ "Great Smoky Mountains National Park - Threats to Wildflowers (U.S. National Park Service)". Nps.gov. 2006-07-24. http://www.nps.gov/grsm/naturescience/threats-to-wildflowers.htm. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  4. ^ U.S. National Park Service - Joint Undercover Operation Links International Black Market to Virginia Mountains (Published: 01-07-04)
  5. ^ Brian K. Weirum, Special to the Chronicle (2007-11-11). "Will traditional Chinese medicine mean the end of the wild tiger?". Sfgate.com. http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2007/11/11/TR10T8RBN.DTL. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  6. ^ cientist.com/channel/life/endangered-species/dn3376 "Rhino rescue plan decimates Asian antelopes". Newscientist.com. http://www cientist.com/channel/life/endangered-species/dn3376. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  7. ^ Traffic.org
  8. ^ "News Tribune". News Tribune. 2005-11-07. http://www.newstribune.com/articles/2005/11/07/news_state/0110705035.txt. Retrieved 2010-03-18. 
  9. ^ Milwaukee Journal Sentinel - Monday, April 2, 2001

  External links

   
               

 

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