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définition - Pop-punk

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Wikipedia

Pop punk

                   
Pop punk
Stylistic origins Punk rock, pop, surf rock, power pop, garage rock, new wave
Cultural origins Mid-1970s United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Canada and other countries
Typical instruments Vocals - Electric guitar - Bass - Drums - Occasional use of other instruments (such as keyboards)
Mainstream popularity Various degrees of commercial success since the late 1970s; massive international commercial success in the 1990s and 2000s; low commercial success in the 2010s
Other topics
List of pop punk bands - Skate punk - Ska punk - Alternative rock - Melodic hardcore

Pop punk is a fusion music genre that combines elements of punk rock with pop music, to varying degrees. Allmusic describes the genre as a strand of alternative rock, which typically merges pop melodies with speedy punk tempos, chord changes and loud guitars.[1] About.com has described contemporary pop punk bands as having "a radio friendly sheen to their music, but still maintaining much of the speed and attitude of classic punk rock".[2]

It is not clear when the term pop punk was first used, but pop-influenced punk rock had been around since the mid- to late-1970s.[3] An early use of the term pop punk appeared in a 1977 New York Times article, "Cabaret: Tom Petty's Pop Punk Rock Evokes Sounds of 60s".[4] In the mid-1990s, the California pop punk bands Green Day and The Offspring, who were later followed by Blink-182, would all achieve worldwide commercial success. From the mid-1990s onwards, some bands associated with the genre have been described as "happy punk," "faux-punk," "mall punk," "pseudo-punk," or "bubblegum punk." [5][6]

Contents

  History

  Origins (1974-1989)

Protopunk and power pop bands of the late 1960s and early 1970s helped lay the groundwork for the pop punk sound, which emerged at the onset of punk rock around 1974 with the Ramones.[7] The Ramones' loud and fast melodic minimalism differentiated them from other bands in New York City's budding art rock scene, but pop punk was not considered a separate subgenre until later. The music of the Buzzcocks,[8] Generation X, 999, The Jam,[9] The Rezillos, The Lurkers, The Undertones,[10][11] The Shapes and Toy Dolls featured catchy melodies, as well as lyrics that sometimes dealt with relatively light themes such as teenage romance. The US band Bad Religion, who started in 1979, were another band that helped lay the groundwork for contemporary pop punk.[12][13][14] Many mod revival bands of the late 1970s and early 1980s also displayed pop punk leanings.

By 1981, hardcore punk had emerged in the United States, with louder, faster music than punk bands. Vocal harmony, melodic instrumentation and 4/4 drumming were replaced with shouting, discordant instrumentation, and experimental rhythms. A few bands, such as Descendents, Screeching Weasel, and The Vandals, began to combine hardcore with pop music to create a new, faster pop punk sound. Their positive yet sarcastic approach began to separate them from the more serious hardcore scene. In the 1980s, the term pop punk was used in publications such as Maximum RocknRoll to describe bands similar to Social Distortion, Agent Orange, and T.S.O.L..[15]

  Independent pop punk (1990-1993)

  Guttermouth - live in concert

Pop punk in the United States underwent a resurgence in the early- to mid-1990s, although the genre was not commercially viable at that time. Many pop punk bands retained a do it yourself (DIY) approach to their music, and a number of independent record labels emerged during that period, often run by band members who wanted to release their own music and that of their friends. The independent labels SST/Cruz Records, Lookout! Records, Fat Wreck Chords and Epitaph Records were about to achieve mainstream success.

  Popular acceptance (1994-1997)

In February 1994, Green Day released Dookie, the band's first album on a major record label, after starting out on the independent Lookout! Records in 1989. The first single, "Longview", instantly became a hit on MTV and modern rock stations across North America and the United Kingdom. Following the success of their first single, Green Day released "Basket Case", which became an even bigger hit. Other hits from the album included "When I Come Around", "Welcome to Paradise" and "She". As of 2007, Dookie has sold over 15 million copies worldwide.[16] Green Day performed at Woodstock '94 and on Saturday Night Live, and appeared on the covers of Spin and Rolling Stone magazines. They won a Grammy for Best Alternative Music Album.

Soon after the release of Dookie, The Offspring released the album Smash on the independent label Epitaph Records. The first single, "Come Out and Play", had a pop punk sound that differed from their earlier work, and it became popular first on radio and later on MTV. Other singles, "Self Esteem" and "Gotta Get Away", sold well. The album sold over 14 million copies worldwide, setting a record for most albums sold on an independent label.[17] By the end of the year, Dookie and Smash had sold millions of copies.[18] The commercial success of these two albums attracted major label interest in punk, particularly Epitaph bands from Southern California, with Bad Religion, NOFX and Rancid reportedly being offered lucrative contracts.[19] Also during this period, Face to Face released their breakthrough album Big Choice, featuring their only top 40 hit "Disconnected",[20] which also became popular on the Los Angeles radio station KROQ. 1998 saw the MxPx debut major label release of Slowly Going the Way of the Buffalo, making the hits like "I'm OK, You're OK", "Party, My House, Be There", and "What's Mine is Yours". The album went Gold 2 years later.

In the early- to mid-1990s, ska punk achieved commercial success in the United States and several other countries. Some ska punk music — by bands such as Reel Big Fish, Goldfinger, Sublime and Less Than Jake — shared many characteristics with pop punk.

By 1997, pop punk's audience had expanded significantly and the genre had been brought to new levels of mainstream acceptance.

  Continued mainstream ascent (1998-2002)

In 1998, The Offspring released the album Americana, which went platinum many times over, and produced hit singles such as "Pretty Fly (For a White Guy)", "Why Don't You Get a Job?" and "The Kids Aren't Alright". In 1999, Blink-182 released Enema of the State, which sold over 15 million copies worldwide.[21] The album had three hit singles, including the number 1 single "All the Small Things" and the number 2 singles "What's My Age Again?" and "Adam's Song".[22] Also in 1999, Lit released their second album, A Place in the Sun, which peaked at number 31 on the Billboard 200[23] and spawned the single "My Own Worst Enemy", which spent 11 weeks at number 1 on the US Modern Rock Tracks chart.[24]

In 2000, The Offspring released their next album Conspiracy of One on Napster before they released it on Columbia Records, sacrificing album sales so their fans could hear their music for free. The same year, MxPx released The Ever Passing Moment which proved the hit "Responsibility", charting at number 24 on the Alternative Rock chart.[25] In 2001, Sum 41 released their major label debut All Killer No Filler, which went multi-platinum and included the hit singles "Fat Lip", "In Too Deep" and "Motivation", all of which were featured prominently on TRL and modern rock charts.[26] American Hi-Fi released their successful debut album which included the top ten hit "Flavor of the Weak".[27] Also that year, Blink-182's album Take Off Your Pants and Jacket debuted at number 1 on the Billboard album charts[28] and sold over four million copies in the United States. The album included the modern rock and TRL hits "The Rock Show", "First Date" and "Stay Together for the Kids".[29]

In 2002, Good Charlotte released their second album, The Young and the Hopeless, which went triple platinum. Also in 2002, Simple Plan released their debut album No Pads, No Helmets...Just Balls, and Face to Face released How to Ruin Everything, which would be their final album before disbanding two years later. Also that year, Blink-182 co-headlined one of the biggest concert tours in pop punk history, the Pop Disaster Tour with Green Day. In summer 2002, New Found Glory released their third album, Sticks and Stones, which experienced a fair amount of mainstream success with singles such as "My Friends Over You" and "Head on Collision". Sum 41 released their second album, Does This Look Infected, in 2002, giving them a harder sound with the singles "Still Waiting", "Over My Head (Better Off Dead)" and "The Hell Song". In 2003, The Ataris released their breakthrough album So Long, Astoria, which included their first top 40 hit, a cover of "The Boys of Summer". Also in 2003, Blink-182 released a self-titled album that garnered several hits, such as "Feeling This", "I Miss You", and "Down". Same year American Hi-Fi released their second album The Art of Losing with the singles "The Art of Losing and "The Breakup song". Also that year, Yellowcard's Ocean Avenue featured the hit singles "Ocean Avenue", "Way Away" and "Only One", and The Offspring's Splinter spawned another number 1 US hit with "Hit That". MxPx's Before Everything and After debuted at number 51 on the Billboard 200 to critical acclaim.[30]

In 2004, New Found Glory released Catalyst, which included the hit "All Downhill from Here".[31] In May 2004, Avril Lavigne released Under My Skin, which was certified triple platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America.[32] Hawthorne Heights released their debut album The Silence in Black and White in August 2004, and it was certified gold in the United States. In October 2004, Sum 41 released the album Chuck. Its first single, "We're All to Blame", reached number 10 on the Billboard Modern Rock Tracks charts,[33] and the single "Pieces" topped the charts in Canada. Also that year, Simple Plan released their second album Still Not Getting Any.... Its first single, "Welcome to My Life", reached number 1 on the Canadian Singles Chart and the Spanish Singles Chart, as well as reaching number 10 on the Top 40 Mainstream chart and number 21 on the Top 40 Tracks.[34] Green Day released the rock opera album American Idiot in September 2004. The singles "American Idiot", "Jesus of Suburbia", "Boulevard of Broken Dreams", "Holiday" and "Wake Me Up When September Ends" received international airplay and MTV video rotation, and topped charts worldwide.[35]

In 2005, MxPx released Panic which featured the radio hits "Heard That Sound" and "Wrecking Hotel Rooms".

In 2007, Sum 41 released the album Underclass Hero, which reached number 1 on the Top Canadian Albums chart.[36] Around the same time, Avril Lavigne released the album The Best Damn Thing,[37] which reached number 1 on the Billboard 200 and other charts,[38] and was the fourth-best-selling album of the year.[39] Also in 2007, Relient K released their fifth album Five Score and Seven Years Ago which debuted at number 6 on the Billboard 200.[40]

All Time Low became commercially successful in the late 2000s, gaining popularity with their albums So Wrong, It's Right (2007) and Nothing Personal (2009). In June 2008, The Offspring released the album Rise and Fall, Rage and Grace, featuring their most successful single "You're Gonna Go Far, Kid", which topped the Billboard Modern Rock Tracks charts for 11 weeks, making it the longest consecutive run for any Offspring single at number 1.

In December 2009, All Time Low won the Best Pop Punk Band award at the Top In Rock Awards. In February 2009, Blink-182 reunited onstage for the first time since 2005, at the 51st Grammy Awards, announcing their reformation as a band. Also in 2009, Green Day released their rock opera album 21st Century Breakdown. Although not as critically acclaimed as American Idiot, it has still sold over 3.5 million copies worldwide.

In 2011, Blink-182 released Neighborhoods, which produced the singles "Up All Night" and "After Midnight". As of December 20, 2011, Neighborhoods has sold over 259,000 copies. [41][42][43][44][45][46] Some have referred to her as a "pop punk princess".[47][48]

  Easycore and Modern Pop Punk(2007-present)

In the mid-late early 2000s the the pop punk genre soon found itself giving birth to a new type of sub genre. Bands like A Day to Remember, Four Year Strong, and Set Your Goals all started fusing together the catchiness of pop punk while mixing it with the heaviness and style of hardcore by incorporating breakdowns, two-step beats, and pinch harmonics. This new style heavily influenced by pop punk bands like New Found Glory, Blink 182, and early Fall Out Boy, included hardcore and metalcore influences. The genre had some underground success when Set Your Goals released Mutiny in 2006 and Four Year Strong released Rise or Die Trying in 2007 but mainstream success didn't come until A Day to Remember released Homesick on Victory Records in 2009. The album, which was produced by New Found Glory's Chad Gilbert, sold 22,000 copy's in the first week of releasing. The album had 5 singles and received frequent airplay on MTV, Fuse, and other music telvision channels. After Homesick, more Easycore artists started to gain recognition. Set Your Goals released This Will Be The Death of Us in July of 2009 through Epitaph Records and featured guest vocal spots by Hayley Williams of Paramore, Chad Gilbert and Jordan Pundik of New Found Glory, and Vinnie Caruana of the Movielife and I Am the Avalanche. Four Year Strong released Enemy of the World in March of 2010 and sold over 12,000 copies in its first week. Other easycore bands also rose to fame such as The Wonder Years, Veara, Major League, Chunk! No Captain Chunk and City Lights.

This new genre helped kick start a pop punk revival. These bands were heavily influenced by bands like New Found Glory, Emo and Melodic Hardcore, and bands from the infamous Drive Thru Records era of the early 2000's. Easycore bands The Wonder Years left their "pop mosh" past and put out an album more along the lines of the traditional pop punk style called The Upsides in 2010 which sold 1852 units in the first week of its release. Walnut Creek, California pop punk band The Story So Far released Under Soil and Dirt in 2011 by Pure Noise Records and gained some limited mainstream success. Other pop punk bands that followed this path started releasing records that did relativaly well such as, Handguns, Forever Came Calling, Mixtapes, icallfives, This Time Next Year, and Man Overboard. Even New Found Glory took a step back and put out Radiosurgery in October of 2011 before embarking on the Pop Punks Not Dead Tour with This Time Next Year, Man Overboard, The Wonder Years, and Set Your Goals.



  See also

  Footnotes

  1. ^ Explore: Punk-Pop. AllMusic.
  2. ^ Lamb, Bill (March 10, 2011). "Punk Pop". Top40.about.com. http://top40.about.com/od/popmusic101/p/punkpop.htm. Retrieved 2011-08-19. 
  3. ^ "The Modpoppunk Archives". Punkmodpop.free.fr. 2011-07-08. http://punkmodpop.free.fr/. Retrieved 2011-08-19. 
  4. ^ New York Times, "Cabaret: Tom Petty's Pop Punk Rock Evokes Sounds of 60s", John Rockwell, March 9, 1977, Page C22, [1]
  5. ^ Mann, James (13 November 2000). "The Offspring: Conspiracy of One - PopMatters Music Review". Popmatters. http://www.popmatters.com/music/reviews/o/offspring-conspiracy.shtml. Retrieved 2011-08-19. 
  6. ^ Tiny Mix Tapes[dead link]
  7. ^ "The Ramones - Classic US Punk - Discography - Albums". Punk77.co.uk. http://www.punk77.co.uk/groups/ramonesdiscographylps.htm. Retrieved 2011-08-19. 
  8. ^ "The Buzzcocks, Pop Punk Pioneers". Punkmusic.about.com. http://punkmusic.about.com/od/artistprofiles/p/buzzcocksfinal.htm. Retrieved 2011-08-19. 
  9. ^ allmusic ((( The Jam > Biography )))
  10. ^ The Undertones[dead link]
  11. ^ Undertones Get New Kicks : Rolling Stone[dead link]
  12. ^ http://darwin.citysearch.com.au/music/viewContent/1119945819575/1137509637901
  13. ^ "Bad Religion Biography: Contemporary Musicians". Enotes.com. http://www.enotes.com/contemporary-musicians/bad-religion-biography. Retrieved 2011-08-19. 
  14. ^ Heller, Jason (April 11, 2002). "Bad Religion - The Process of Belief (Epitaph)". Westword. http://www.westword.com/2002-04-11/music/bad-religion/. Retrieved 2011-08-19. 
  15. ^ Maximum RocknRoll, "BLOODSPORT - cassette (music review)", Tim Yohannan, December 1984, Issue 20, Page 66.
  16. ^ "Dookie Total Sales". My Lyrics Central. http://www.mylyricscentral.com/news/195.html. Retrieved 2007-07-16. 
  17. ^ Rolling Stone Music | Top Artists, News, Reviews, Photos and Videos[dead link]
  18. ^ Bestseller lists and Diamond Certification available at the RIAA website: http://www.riaa.com/gp/bestsellers/diamond.asp
  19. ^ Sanchez, George B.. "White Punks on Warner Bros.". East Bay Express. http://www.eastbayexpress.com/gyrobase/white-punks-on-warner-bros/Content?oid=1072038&storyPage=2. Retrieved 2011-08-19. 
  20. ^ Big Choice - Face to Face | Billboard.com[dead link]
  21. ^ "Review: Enema Of The State - Blink 182". Ciau!. http://cd.ciao.co.uk/Enema_Of_The_State_ECD_Blink_182__Review_5727835. Retrieved 2010-06-01. 
  22. ^ "Enema of the State - blink-182". AllMusic. June 1, 1999. http://www.allmusic.com/album/enema-of-the-state-r416867/charts-awards/billboard-single. Retrieved 2011-08-19. 
  23. ^ "A Place in the Sun - Lit". AllMusic. February 23, 1999. http://www.allmusic.com/album/a-place-in-the-sun-r397964/charts-awards/billboard-album. Retrieved 2011-08-19. 
  24. ^ "A Place in the Sun - Lit". AllMusic. February 23, 1999. http://www.allmusic.com/album/a-place-in-the-sun-r397964/charts-awards/billboard-single. Retrieved 2011-08-19. 
  25. ^ "The Ever Passing Moment - MxPx". AllMusic. May 16, 2000. http://www.allmusic.com/album/the-ever-passing-moment-r479170/charts-awards/billboard-single. Retrieved 2011-08-19. 
  26. ^ "All Killer No Filler - Sum 41". AllMusic. May 8, 2001. http://www.allmusic.com/album/all-killer-no-filler-r530947/charts-awards/billboard-single. Retrieved 2011-08-19. 
  27. ^ "American Hi-Fi - American Hi-Fi". AllMusic. February 27, 2001. http://www.allmusic.com/album/american-hi-fi-r521457/charts-awards/billboard-single. Retrieved 2011-08-19. 
  28. ^ "Take Off Your Pants and Jacket - blink-182". AllMusic. June 12, 2001. http://www.allmusic.com/album/take-off-your-pants-and-jacket-r537911/charts-awards/billboard-album. Retrieved 2011-08-19. 
  29. ^ "Take Off Your Pants and Jacket - blink-182". AllMusic. June 12, 2001. http://www.allmusic.com/album/take-off-your-pants-and-jacket-r537911/charts-awards/billboard-single. Retrieved 2011-08-19. 
  30. ^ "Before Everything & After - MxPx". AllMusic. September 16, 2003. http://www.allmusic.com/album/before-everything-after-r657571/charts-awards. Retrieved 2011-08-19. 
  31. ^ "Catalyst > Review". All Music. http://www.allmusic.com/album/r689863/review. Retrieved 2004-05-18. 
  32. ^ http://www.riaa.com/goldandplatinumdata.php?resultpage=1&table=SEARCH_RESULTS&artist=Avril%20Lavigne&startMonth=1&endMonth=1&startYear=1958&endYear=2009&sort=Artist&perPage=25
  33. ^ "Chuck - Sum 41". AllMusic. October 12, 2004. http://www.allmusic.com/album/chuck-r713735/charts-awards/billboard-single. Retrieved 2011-08-19. 
  34. ^ "Still Not Getting Any... - Simple Plan". AllMusic. October 26, 2004. http://www.allmusic.com/album/still-not-getting-any-r713114/charts-awards/billboard-single. Retrieved 2011-08-19. 
  35. ^ "American Idiot Chart positions". australian-charts.com. http://australian-charts.com/showitem.asp?interpret=Green+Day&titel=American+Idiot&cat=a. Retrieved June 24, 2008. 
  36. ^ "Underclass Hero - Sum 41". AllMusic. July 24, 2007. http://www.allmusic.com/album/underclass-hero-r1074163/charts-awards/billboard-album. Retrieved 2011-08-19. 
  37. ^ http://www.starpulse.com/news/index.php/2007/01/30/avril_lavigne_announces_release_of_third ...The Best Damn Thing -- with its fresh energy, punk-rock riffs... finds its power and pulse in up-tempo pop-punk anthems...
  38. ^ http://www.allmusic.com/album/the-best-damn-thing-r1027173/charts-awards
  39. ^ http://www.ifpi.org/content/library/top-50-albums-2007.pdf
  40. ^ Johnson, Jared (March 6, 2007). "Five Score and Seven Years Ago - Relient K". AllMusic. http://www.allmusic.com/album/five-score-and-seven-years-ago-r944389/review. Retrieved 2011-08-19. 
  41. ^ http://www.musicmight.com/artist/canada/ontario/belleville/avril+lavigne
  42. ^ http://music.ign.com/articles/781/781509p1.html
  43. ^ http://www.popmatters.com/pm/review/lavigneavril-under/
  44. ^ "A NIGHT OUT WITH: Avril Lavigne; Punk Rocker, Pop Queen And Tomboy All in One". The New York Times. 2002-11-10. http://www.nytimes.com/2002/11/10/style/a-night-out-with-avril-lavigne-punk-rocker-pop-queen-and-tomboy-all-in-one.html. 
  45. ^ http://www.rollingstone.com/music/albumreviews/the-best-damn-thing-20070417
  46. ^ the Canadian rocker has made a career built upon her signature unshakeable punk-pop sound
  47. ^ http://www.allmovie.com/movie/avril-lavigne-the-best-damn-tour-live-in-toronto-v455208
  48. ^ http://www.webcitation.org/query?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.washingtonpost.com%2Fwp-dyn%2Fcontent%2Farticle%2F2006%2F07%2F16%2FAR2006071600317.html

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