» 
allemand anglais arabe bulgare chinois coréen croate danois espagnol estonien finnois français grec hébreu hindi hongrois islandais indonésien italien japonais letton lituanien malgache néerlandais norvégien persan polonais portugais roumain russe serbe slovaque slovène suédois tchèque thai turc vietnamien
allemand anglais arabe bulgare chinois coréen croate danois espagnol estonien finnois français grec hébreu hindi hongrois islandais indonésien italien japonais letton lituanien malgache néerlandais norvégien persan polonais portugais roumain russe serbe slovaque slovène suédois tchèque thai turc vietnamien

définition - Strikeout

strikeout (n.)

1.an out resulting from the batter getting three strikes

   Publicité ▼

définition (complément)

voir la définition de Wikipedia

locutions

   Publicité ▼

dictionnaire analogique

Wikipedia

Strikeout

                   
  Then Cincinnati Reds outfielder Adam Dunn strikes out swinging to Atlanta Braves pitcher John Smoltz (not pictured). Smoltz recorded 10 strikeouts in this game, three against Dunn.

In baseball or softball, a strikeout or strike-out (denoted by SO or K[1]) occurs when a batter receives three strikes during his time at bat. A strikeout is a statistic recorded for both pitchers and batters. Pitchers want to throw as many strikeouts as possible, while batters attempt to minimize striking out themselves.

Although strikeouts are associated with dominance on the part of the pitcher, it is recognized that the style of swing that generates a home run also leaves batters somewhat susceptible to striking out. Some of the greatest home run hitters of all time – such as Reggie Jackson and Sammy Sosa – were notorious for striking out.

Contents

  Rules

A pitcher receives credit for (and a batter is charged with) a strikeout on any third strike, but a batter is out only if one of the following is true:

  1. The third strike is pitched and caught in flight by the catcher (including foul tips);
  2. On any third strike, if a baserunner is on first and there are fewer than two outs;
  3. The third strike is bunted foul and is not caught by a fielder.

Thus, it is possible for a batter to strike out, but still become a runner and reach base safely if the catcher is unable to catch the third strike cleanly, and he then does not either tag out the batter or force him out at first base. In Japan, this is called furinige (振り逃げ?), or "swing and escape." In Major League Baseball, it is known as an uncaught third strike. When this happens, pitchers will occasionally be able to record four strikeouts in one half-inning.

In baseball scorekeeping, a swinging strikeout is recorded as a K, or a K-S. A strikeout looking (where the batter does not swing at a pitch that the umpire then calls strike three) is often scored with a Backwards K, and sometimes as a K-L. Despite the scorekeeping custom of using "K" for strikeout, "SO" is the official abbreviation used by Major League Baseball.[2]

"K" is still commonly used by fans and enthusiasts for purposes other than official record-keeping. One baseball ritual involves fans attaching a succession of small "K" signs to the nearest railing, one added for every strikeout notched by the home team's pitcher. The "K" may placed backwards in cases where the batter strikes out looking, just as it would appear on a scorecard. Virtually every televised display of a high-strikeout major league game will include a shot of a fan's strikeout display, and if the pitcher continues to strike out batters, the display may be shown following every strikeout.

The use of "K" for a strikeout was invented by Henry Chadwick, a newspaper journalist who is widely credited as the originator of the box score and the baseball scorecard. As is true in much of baseball, both the box score and scorecard remain largely unchanged to this day. Chadwick decided to use "K," the last letter in "struck," since the letter "S" was used for "sacrifice." Chadwick was responsible for several other scorekeeping conventions, including the use of numbers to designate player positions.[3]

Those unaware of Chadwick's contributions have speculated that "K" was derived from the last name of 19th century pitcher Matt Kilroy. If not for the evidence supporting Chadwick's earlier use of "K," this explanation would be reasonable. Kilroy raised the prominence of the strikeout, setting an all-time single-season record of 513 strikeouts in 1886, only two years after overhand pitching was permitted. His record, however, is forever confined to its era since the pitcher's mound was only 50 feet (15 m) from the batter during that season. It was moved to its current distance of 60'6" in 1893. The modern record (1901–present) is 383 strikeouts, held by Nolan Ryan, one better than Sandy Koufax's 382.

  History

Early rules stated that "three balls being struck at and missed and the last one caught, is a hand-out; if not caught is considered fair, and the striker bound to run." The modern rule has changed very little. The addition of the called strike came in 1858.

In 1880, the rules were changed to specify that a third strike had to be caught on the fly. A later adjustment to the dropped third strike rule specified that a batter is automatically out when there are fewer than two out and a runner on first base. In 1887, the number of strikes for an out was changed to four, but it was promptly changed back to three the next season.

  Jargon and slang

  Hall of Famer Sandy Koufax

A swinging strikeout is often called a whiff, while a batter who is struck out by a fastball is often said to have been blown away. A batter who strikes out on a swung third strike is said to have fanned (as in a fanning motion), whereas if he takes a called third strike it is called a punchout (describing the plate umpire's punching motion on a called third strike).

But sometimes these descriptive words are used generally as synonyms for strikeouts, irrespective of whether they were swinging or looking (e.g. Tim Lincecum has punched out nine batters tonight or Ryan Howard has been fanned six times in this series).

On a called third strike, it is said that the batter was caught looking, or that he looked at a strike. Typically, a called third strike can be somewhat more embarrassing for a batter, as it shows that he was either fooled by the pitcher or, even worse, had a moment of hesitation.

For example, Carlos Beltran was caught looking at strike 3 to end the 2006 NLCS, and the season, for the New York Mets. Sports commentators have also been known to refer to it as browsing if the batter did not move his bat at all.

A pitcher is said to strike out the side when he retires all three batters in a half-inning by striking them out. A batter that takes the third strike looking, especially on a breaking pitch like a slider or a curveball that appears to be out of the strike zone but drops in before he can get the bat off his shoulders, can be said to have been frozen.

In slang, when a batter strikes out three times in a game, he is said to have completed a hat trick. If he strikes out four times, it is called a golden sombrero. He receives a platinum sombrero if he strikes out five times, and this dishonor is also known as the Olympic Rings.

Striking out six times is a rare occurrence, which in the history of major league play has only been accomplished in games that went to extra innings, with Sam Horn of the Baltimore Orioles being one of the distinguished few to achieve this feat. The slugger's then-teammate, pitcher Mike Flanagan, told reporters after that 1991 event that six strikeouts would thereafter be known as a Horn. He added that if anyone ever strikes out seven times in one game, it will be a Horn of Plenty.

Some pitchers who specialize in strikeouts have acquired nicknames including the letter "K." Dwight Gooden was known as "Doctor K" (back-referencing basketball star Julius Erving a.k.a. "Dr. J"). Francisco Rodriguez is known as "K-Rod."[4] Roger Clemens has taken the "K" name to an extreme by naming his four sons Koby, Kory, Kacy, and Kody. Tim Lincecum is nicknamed "The Say 'K' Kid", referencing former Giants player Willie Mays.

Hall of Fame strikeout artist Sandy Koufax of the Los Angeles Dodgers coincidentally has a last name starting with "K," and in his call of the pitcher's perfect game in 1965, Dodgers announcer Vin Scully commented that Koufax's name "will always remind you of strikeouts." Boston Red Sox pitcher Daisuke Matsuzaka is known as "Dice-K," a term which was used as a pronunciation guide for his name when he first arrived in MLB.

  Four strikeouts in an inning

If a third strike is not caught cleanly by the catcher, it is still recorded as a strikeout for both the pitcher and the batter. Under certain situations, however, the batter is not ruled out and the play is still alive. This occurs under the following circumstances:

  1. First base is not occupied or there have already been two outs recorded.
  2. The catcher fails to cleanly catch the ball that led to the third strike.[5]

The batter may begin to run to first base as soon as he sees the catcher fail to cleanly catch the ball. If he makes it to first base without being tagged or forced out, the out is not recorded. Since a strikeout is awarded in such cases while the play that does not result in an out, it is possible for a pitcher to record more than three strikeouts in one standard half-inning. Recording four strikeouts in one inning has occurred 61 times in Major League history.[6] The first Major League player credited with this rare feat was Ed "Cannonball" Crane of the New York Giants on October 4, 1888.[7]

Prior to 1960, the event was extremely rare, having taken place only eight times.[8] Although more common since then, it remains one of the most rare single-game achievements. Increased use of the split-finger fastball and forkball may contribute to a higher incidence of dropped third strikes, as both pitches are hard to catch since they usually reach the catcher near the dirt. More teams, an expanded schedule, and a higher total number of strikeouts could all be contributors to this phenomenon as well.

Chuck Finley accomplished the feat on May 12 and August 15, 1999, with the Anaheim Angels and again on April 16, 2000, with the Cleveland Indians. Pete Richert of the Los Angeles Dodgers is the only pitcher to do it in his MLB debut (April 12, 1962, against the Cincinnati Reds).[9] The most recent player to achieve the feat is Francisco Liriano of the Minnesota Twins in the fourth inning of a game against the Kansas City Royals on June 5, 2012.

  Five strikeouts in one inning

Five strikeouts in one inning has never occurred in a regulation Major League Baseball game. It has occurred at least three times at the minor league level. Mike Schultz of the Lancaster JetHawks struck out five batters in one inning on July 16, 2004, and Garrett Bauer of the Rockford RiverHawks struck out five batters in one inning on July 1, 2008.[10]

Houston Astros pitcher Joe Niekro struck out five Minnesota Twins batters in the first inning of an exhibition spring training game,[11] April 7, 1976 at New Orleans. Niekro's catcher, Cliff Johnson, was charged with five passed balls in the inning. [12] Exhibition games are not recorded in official statistics.

  Strikeout records

  Pitchers

The Top 20 Major League Baseball career strikeout leaders (active players in bold) (since 1901, through June 25, 2012):[13]

  1. Nolan Ryan – 5,714
  2. Randy Johnson – 4,875
  3. Roger Clemens – 4,672
  4. Steve Carlton – 4,136
  5. Bert Blyleven – 3,701
  6. Tom Seaver – 3,640
  7. Don Sutton – 3,574
  8. Gaylord Perry – 3,534
  9. Walter Johnson – 3,509
  10. Greg Maddux – 3,371
  11. Phil Niekro – 3,342
  12. Ferguson Jenkins – 3,192
  13. Pedro Martínez – 3,154
  14. Bob Gibson – 3,117
  15. Curt Schilling – 3,116
  16. John Smoltz – 3,084
  17. Jim Bunning – 2,855
  18. Mickey Lolich – 2,832
  19. Mike Mussina – 2,813
  20. Cy Young – 2,803
  • Note: The strikeout leader among active players (as of June 25, 2012) is Jamie Moyer at #36 with 2,441 strikeouts. The only others active players with 2,000+ strikeouts are Andy Pettitte at T-#45 with 2,303, CC Sabathia at #58 with 2,122 and Kevin Millwood at #62 with 2,035.[14]

The Top 10 Major League Baseball career strikeout-per-nine innings leaders (since 1900, through games of September 28, 2011, minimum 1,000 IP):[15]

  1. Randy Johnson – 10.61
  2. Kerry Wood – 10.32
  3. Pedro Martínez – 10.04
  4. Tim Lincecum - 9.87
  5. Nolan Ryan – 9.55
  6. Trevor Hoffman – 9.53
  7. Sandy Koufax – 9.28
  8. Oliver Perez – 9.12
  9. Sam McDowell – 8.86
  10. Johan Santana – 8.86

The Top 5 Major League Baseball single season strikeout-per-nine innings leaders (since 1900, through games of June 25, 2012, minimum 1.0 IP per team game):

  1. Randy Johnson, 2001 – 13.41
  2. Pedro Martínez, 1999 – 13.20
  3. Kerry Wood, 1998 – 12.58
  4. Randy Johnson, 2000 – 12.56
  5. Randy Johnson, 1995 – 12.35

The Top 10 Major League Baseball single season strikeout totals (since 1900):[16]

Pitcher Strikeouts Season Team League Overall Rank
Nolan Ryan 383 1973 California Angels AL 8
Sandy Koufax 382 1965 Los Angeles Dodgers NL 9
Randy Johnson 372 2001 Arizona Diamondbacks NL 11
Nolan Ryan 367 1974 California Angels AL 14
Randy Johnson 364 1999 Arizona Diamondbacks NL 15
Rube Waddell 349 1904 Philadelphia Athletics AL 18
Bob Feller 348 1946 Cleveland Indians AL 19
Randy Johnson 347 2000 Arizona Diamondbacks NL 20
Nolan Ryan 341 1977 California Angels AL 25
Randy Johnson 334 2002 Arizona Diamondbacks NL 30

The Top 10 Major League Baseball single season strikeout totals (all time):[17]

Pitcher Strikeouts Season Team League Overall Rank
Matt Kilroy 513 1886 Baltimore Orioles AA 1
Toad Ramsey 499 1886 Louisville Colonels AA 2
Hugh Daily 483 1884 Chicago Browns/Pittsburgh Stogies/Washington Nationals UA 3
Dupee Shaw 451 1884 Detroit Wolverines/Boston Reds NL/UA 4
Old Hoss Radbourn 441 1884 Providence Grays NL 5
Charlie Buffington 417 1884 Boston Beaneaters NL 6
Guy Hecker 385 1884 Louisville Eclipse AA 7
Nolan Ryan 383 1973 California Angels AL 8
Sandy Koufax 382 1965 Los Angeles Dodgers NL 9
Bill Sweeney 374 1884 Baltimore Monumentals UA 10

Progression of major league strikeout record for one nine-inning game, regular season (partial listing):

Modern era:

  • Note: Tom Cheney struck out 21 batters overall, in a 16-inning game, September 12, 1962. He had 13 strikeouts through the first nine innings.

See also List of pitchers who have struck out 18 or more batters in a nine-inning MLB game

Progression of strikeout record for one game, World Series:

Progression of major league strikeout record for a relief pitcher, regular season (partial listing)[20]

  Batters

The Top 16 Major League Baseball career strikeout leaders (through June 25, 2012):

  1. Reggie Jackson – 2,597
  2. Jim Thome – 2,506
  3. Sammy Sosa – 2,306
  4. Andrés Galarraga – 2,003
  5. Alex Rodriguez – 1,979
  6. José Canseco – 1,942
  7. Willie Stargell – 1,936
  8. Adam Dunn - 1,928
  9. Mike Cameron – 1,901
  10. Mike Schmidt – 1,883
  11. Fred McGriff – 1,882
  12. Tony Perez – 1,867
  13. Dave Kingman – 1,816
  14. Manny Ramirez - 1,813
  15. Bobby Abreu - 1,800
  16. Ken Griffey Jr. - 1,779


Active batters with over 1,400 K's (through June 25, 2012):

  1. Jim Thome – 2,506
  2. Alex Rodriguez – 1,979
  3. Adam Dunn – 1,928
  4. Bobby Abreu – 1,800
  5. Andruw Jones – 1,713
  6. Derek Jeter – 1,694
  7. Jason Giambi - 1,497
  8. Alfonso Soriano - 1,483


Single season strikeout records (batters):

Rank Player Team Strikeouts Year
   1 Mark Reynolds Arizona Diamondbacks 223 2009
   2 Mark Reynolds Arizona Diamondbacks 211 2010
   3 Drew Stubbs Cincinnati Reds 205 2011
   4 Mark Reynolds Arizona Diamondbacks 204 2008
   5 Ryan Howard Philadelphia Phillies 199 2007
   6 Ryan Howard Philadelphia Phillies 199 2008
   7 Adam Dunn Washington Nationals 199 2010
   8 Jack Cust Oakland Athletics 197 2008
   9 Mark Reynolds Baltimore Orioles 196 2011
  10 Adam Dunn Cincinnati Reds 195 2004
  11 Adam Dunn Cincinnati Reds 194 2006
  12 Bobby Bonds San Francisco Giants 189 1970

  See also

  References

  1. ^ Major League Baseball (2001–2009). "Baseball Basics: Abbreviations". http://mlb.mlb.com/mlb/official_info/baseball_basics/abbreviations.jsp. Retrieved September 2, 2009. 
  2. ^ The Official Site of Major League Baseball: Official info: Baseball Basics: Abbreviations
  3. ^ "In baseball scoring, why is a strikeout marked with a K?". The Straight Dope. http://www.straightdope.com/mailbag/mstrike.html. Retrieved December 20, 2005. 
  4. ^ FanNation | Truth&Rumors | K-Rod expects to leave Angels
  5. ^ Official Rules of Major League Baseball 6.09b
  6. ^ http://mlb.mlb.com/mlb/history/rare_feats/index.jsp?feature=four_strikeouts_inning
  7. ^ Bleacher Report, Inc. (2011). "Fluke or Feat: Ranking the Toughest Single Game Accomplishments in MLB". http://bleacherreport.com/articles/390539-fluke-or-feat-ranking-the-toughest-single-game-accomplishments-in-mlb#/articles/390539-fluke-or-feat-ranking-the-toughest-single-game-accomplishments-in-mlb/page/4. Retrieved May 13, 2011. 
  8. ^ Baseball Almanac (2011). "Four Strikeouts in One Inning". http://www.baseball-almanac.com/feats/feats19.shtml. Retrieved May 12, 2011. 
  9. ^ "Los Angeles Dodgers 11, Cincinnati Reds 7". Retrosheet. April 12, 1962. http://www.retrosheet.org/boxesetc/1962/B04120LAN1962.htm. Retrieved October 17, 2010. 
  10. ^ "Bauer K's 5 in first; James hits winner in 12th". Rockford RiverHawks. July 1, 2008. http://www.rockfordriverhawks.com/news/?id=7895. Retrieved October 17, 2010. 
  11. ^ Schlossberg, Dan (2007). Baseball Gold: Mining Nuggets from Our National Pastime. Chicago, Illinois: Triumph Books. pp. 302–303. ISBN 978-1-57243-958-0. 
  12. ^ The Chicago Tribune, April 8, 1976, p. C2
  13. ^ "All-Time Career Strikeout Leaders". ESPN.com. Archived from the original on July 12, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070712221846/http://sports.espn.go.com/mlbhist/alltime/leaders?breakdown=2&type=1&sort=10&year=0. Retrieved September 29, 2011. 
  14. ^ MLB Career Pitching Leaders
  15. ^ Historical Leaders, K/9 at mlb.com, retrieved June 25, 2012
  16. ^ Strikeouts Single Season Leaders by Baseball Almanac
  17. ^ "Single-Season Leaders & Records for Strikeouts". 
  18. ^ a b "Baseball Recordbook 2007" (PDF). Sporting News. p. 63. http://www.sportingnews.com/books/baseball/2007baseballrecordbook/2007-095.regular.season.pdf. 
  19. ^ BIOPROJ.SABR.ORG :: The Baseball Biography Project
  20. ^ "Strikeout Records". http://www.baseball-almanac.com/recbooks/rb_strik.shtml. 

  External links

   
               

 

Toutes les traductions de Strikeout


Contenu de sensagent

  • définitions
  • synonymes
  • antonymes
  • encyclopédie

  • definition
  • synonym

Dictionnaire et traducteur pour mobile

⇨ Nouveau : sensagent est maintenant disponible sur votre mobile

   Publicité ▼

sensagent's office

Raccourcis et gadgets. Gratuit.

* Raccourci Windows : sensagent.

* Widget Vista : sensagent.

dictionnaire et traducteur pour sites web

Alexandria

Une fenêtre (pop-into) d'information (contenu principal de Sensagent) est invoquée un double-clic sur n'importe quel mot de votre page web. LA fenêtre fournit des explications et des traductions contextuelles, c'est-à-dire sans obliger votre visiteur à quitter votre page web !

Essayer ici, télécharger le code;

SensagentBox

Avec la boîte de recherches Sensagent, les visiteurs de votre site peuvent également accéder à une information de référence pertinente parmi plus de 5 millions de pages web indexées sur Sensagent.com. Vous pouvez Choisir la taille qui convient le mieux à votre site et adapter la charte graphique.

Solution commerce électronique

Augmenter le contenu de votre site

Ajouter de nouveaux contenus Add à votre site depuis Sensagent par XML.

Parcourir les produits et les annonces

Obtenir des informations en XML pour filtrer le meilleur contenu.

Indexer des images et définir des méta-données

Fixer la signification de chaque méta-donnée (multilingue).


Renseignements suite à un email de description de votre projet.

Jeux de lettres

Les jeux de lettre français sont :
○   Anagrammes
○   jokers, mots-croisés
○   Lettris
○   Boggle.

Lettris

Lettris est un jeu de lettres gravitationnelles proche de Tetris. Chaque lettre qui apparaît descend ; il faut placer les lettres de telle manière que des mots se forment (gauche, droit, haut et bas) et que de la place soit libérée.

boggle

Il s'agit en 3 minutes de trouver le plus grand nombre de mots possibles de trois lettres et plus dans une grille de 16 lettres. Il est aussi possible de jouer avec la grille de 25 cases. Les lettres doivent être adjacentes et les mots les plus longs sont les meilleurs. Participer au concours et enregistrer votre nom dans la liste de meilleurs joueurs ! Jouer

Dictionnaire de la langue française
Principales Références

La plupart des définitions du français sont proposées par SenseGates et comportent un approfondissement avec Littré et plusieurs auteurs techniques spécialisés.
Le dictionnaire des synonymes est surtout dérivé du dictionnaire intégral (TID).
L'encyclopédie française bénéficie de la licence Wikipedia (GNU).

Copyright

Les jeux de lettres anagramme, mot-croisé, joker, Lettris et Boggle sont proposés par Memodata.
Le service web Alexandria est motorisé par Memodata pour faciliter les recherches sur Ebay.
La SensagentBox est offerte par sensAgent.

Traduction

Changer la langue cible pour obtenir des traductions.
Astuce: parcourir les champs sémantiques du dictionnaire analogique en plusieurs langues pour mieux apprendre avec sensagent.

Dernières recherches dans le dictionnaire :

4152 visiteurs en ligne

calculé en 0,234s

   Publicité ▼

Je voudrais signaler :
section :
une faute d'orthographe ou de grammaire
un contenu abusif (raciste, pornographique, diffamatoire)
une violation de copyright
une erreur
un manque
autre
merci de préciser :

Mon compte

connexion

inscription

   Publicité ▼