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définition - Turkish_lira

Turkish lira (n.)

1.the basic unit of money in Turkey

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définition (complément)

voir la définition de Wikipedia

synonymes - Turkish_lira

Turkish lira (n.)

lira

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dictionnaire analogique

 

monetary unit[Hyper.]

Turkish lira (n.)


Wikipedia

Turkish lira

                   
Turkish lira
Türk lirası (Turkish)
1 Coin
Turkish lira symbol 8x10px.png1 Coin
ISO 4217 code TRY (TRL was used before 2005)
Central bank Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey
Website www.tcmb.gov.tr
User(s)  Turkey
 Northern Cyprus
Inflation 11.14% CPI, 7.65% PPI
Source Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey
Subunit
1/100
Symbol Turkish lira symbol black.svg [1]
Coins
Freq. used 5kr, 10kr, 25kr, 50kr, Turkish lira symbol 8x10px.png1
Rarely used 1kr
Banknotes
Freq. used Turkish lira symbol 8x10px.png5, Turkish lira symbol 8x10px.png10, Turkish lira symbol 8x10px.png20, Turkish lira symbol 8x10px.png50, Turkish lira symbol 8x10px.png100
Rarely used Turkish lira symbol 8x10px.png200
Printer CBRT Banknote Printer
Website www.tcmb.gov.tr
Mint Turkish State Mint
Website www.darphane.gov.tr
  Exchange rate evolution compared to USD, EUR, JPY, GBP and Ottoman lira

The Turkish lira (Currency sign: Turkish lira symbol 8x10px.png (until 1 March 2012: TL); Turkish: Türk lirası; ISO 4217: TRY)[2] is the currency of Turkey and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (recognised by only Turkey). The Turkish lira is subdivided into 100 kuruş.

All obverse sides of current banknotes and reverse sides of current coins have portraits of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. Historical banknotes from the second, third and fourth issues have portraits of İsmet İnönü on the obverse side. This change done according to 12 January 1926 dated official gazette [3][4] and canceled by Democrat Party after World War II.

Contents

  History

  Ottoman era

Ottoman lira were unofficially used by Turkey until the Turkish lira started circulating.[5]

  First Turkish lira

After periods pegged to the British pound and the French franc, a peg of 2.8 Turkish lira = 1 U.S. dollar was adopted in 1946 and maintained until 1960, when the currency was devalued to 9 Turkish lira = 1 dollar. From 1970, a series of hard, then soft pegs to the dollar operated as the value of the Turkish lira began to fall.

  • 1966 — 1 U.S. dollar = 9 Turkish lira
  • 1980 — 1 U.S. dollar = 90 Turkish lira
  • 1988 — 1 U.S. dollar = 1300 Turkish lira
  • 1995 — 1 U.S. dollar = 45 000 Turkish lira
  • 2001 — 1 U.S. dollar = 1 650 000 Turkish lira
  • 2005 — 1 U.S. dollar = 1.29 new Turkish lira (The use of New Turkish lira, which drops 6 zeros from the currency Turkish lira, was implemented in 2005)

In 2010, the name was changed to Turkish lira, but New Turkish lira was used as currency until 31 December 2009. In the last decade, the Turkish lira stabilized against the U.S. dollar and the euro, although since 2011 it has been losing value steadily. The Guinness Book of Records ranked the Turkish lira as the world's least valuable currency in 1995 and 1996, and again from 1999 to 2004. The Turkish lira had slid in value so far that one original gold lira coin could be sold for 154,400,000 Turkish lira before the 2005 revaluation.

  Second Turkish lira

In late December 2003, the Grand National Assembly of Turkey passed a law that allowed for redenomination by the removal of six zeros from the Turkish lira, and the creation of a new currency. It was introduced on 1 January 2005, replacing the previous Turkish lira (which remained valid in circulation until the end of 2005) at a rate of 1 second Turkish lira (ISO 4217 code "TRY") = 1,000,000 first Turkish lira (ISO 4217 code "TRL"). With the revaluation of the Turkish lira, the Romanian leu (also revalued in July 2005) briefly became the world's least valued currency unit.

In the transitional period between 1 January 2005 and 31 December 2008, the second Turkish lira was officially called Yeni Türk lirası (New Turkish lira).[6] It was officially abbreviated "YTL" and subdivided into 100 new kuruş (yeni kuruş). With effect from 1 January 2009, the "new" was removed from the second Turkish lira, its official name becoming just "Turkish lira" again, abbreviated "TL".

  Currency sign

  Symbol of the Turkish lira
  Ankyra coin from Roman emperor Gallienus period. Name of Ankara, capital city of Turkey meaning Anchor in Greek (Ἄγκυρα)

The current currency sign of Turkish lira was created by the Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey in 2012. The new sign was selected after a country-wide contest.[7] The new symbol, created by Tülay Lale, is composed of the letter L shaped like a half anchor, and embedded double striped letter T angled at 20 degrees.

Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan announced the new symbol on 1 March 2012.[8] At its unveiling, Erdoğan explained the design as "the anchor shape hopes to convey that the currency is a 'safe harbor' while the upward facing lines represent its rising prestige".[9]

  Coins

From 1 January 2009, the phrase "new" was removed from the second Turkish lira, its official name in Turkey becoming just "Turkish lira" again;[10] new coins without the word "yeni" were introduced in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 25, 50 kuruş and 1 Turkish lira. Also, the center and ring alloys of the 50 kuruş and 1 Turkish lira coins were reversed. Furthermore it must be remembered that the Turkish lira of today is one million fold of old Turkish lira which was used before the year 2005.

Current Turkish lira coins [1]
Image Value
(kuruş)
Technical parameters Description Date of
Obverse Reverse Diameter
(mm)
Thickness
(mm)
Mass
(g)
Composition Edge Obverse Reverse first minting issue
1kr obverse.png 1kr reverse.png 1 16.5 1.35 2.2 70% copper
30% zinc
Plain Value, Crescent-star, Snowdrop, year of minting "TÜRKİYE CUMHURİYETİ",
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
2008 1 January 2009
5kr obverse.png 5kr reverse.png 5 17.5 1.65 2.9 65% copper
18% nickel
17% zinc
Value, Crescent-star, Tree of life, year of minting
10kr obverse.png 10kr reverse.png 10 18.5 1.65 3.15 65% copper
18% nickel
17% zinc
Value, Crescent-star, Rumi motif, year of minting
25kr obverse.png 25kr reverse.png 25 20.5 1.65 4 65% copper
18% nickel
17% zinc
Reeded Value, Crescent-star, Kufic calligraphic, year of minting
50kr obverse.png 50kr reverse.png 50 23.85 1.9 6.8 Ring:
65% copper
18% nickel
17% zinc

Center:
79 % copper
4% nickel
17% zinc
Reeded Value, Crescent-star, Bosphorus Bridge and Istanbul silhouette, year of minting
1TL obverse.png 1TL reverse.png 100
(1 Turkish lira symbol 8x10px.png)
26.15 1.9 8.2 Ring:
79% copper
4% nickel
17% zinc

Center:
65% copper
18% nickel
17% zinc
T.C. letters and tulip figure Value, Crescent-star, Rumi motif, year of minting
These images are to scale at 2.5 pixels per millimetre. For table standards, see the coin specification table.

  Banknotes

A new series of banknotes, the "E-9 Emission Group" entered circulation on 1 January 2009, with the E-8 group ceasing to be valid after 31 December 2009 (although still redeemable at branches of the Central Bank until 31 December 2019). The E-9 banknotes refer to the currency as "Turkish lira" rather than "new Turkish lira", and include a new 200 Turkish lira denomination.[11] The new banknotes have different sizes to prevent forgery.[12] The main specificity of this new series is that each denomination depicts a famous Turkish personality, rather than geographical sites and architectural features of Turkey.[13]

Current Turkish lira banknotes [2]
Image Value
Turkish lira symbol 8x10px.png
Dimensions
(mm)
Main Colour Description Date of issue
Obverse Reverse Obverse Reverse Watermark
5 Türk Lirası front.jpg 5 Türk Lirası reverse.jpg 5 130 × 64 Brown Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Aydın Sayılı, diagrams of solar system, atom, ancient cave and a left-handed Z-DNA helix. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Value 1 January 2009
10 Türk Lirası front.jpg 10 Türk Lirası reverse.jpg 10 136 × 64 Red Cahit Arf, Arf invariant, arithmetic series, abacus, binary
20 Türk Lirası front.jpg 20 Türk Lirası reverse.jpg 20 142 × 68 Green Architect Kemaleddin, Gazi University main building, aqueduct, circular motif and cube-globe-cylinder symbolizing architecture
50 Türk Lirası front.jpg 50 Türk Lirası reverse.jpg 50 148 × 68 Orange Fatma Aliye Topuz, flower and literary figures
100 Türk Lirası front.jpg 100 Türk Lirası reverse.jpg 100 154 × 72 Blue Buhurizade Itri, notes, instruments and Mevlevi figure
200 Türk Lirası front.jpg 200 Türk Lirası reverse.jpg 200 160 × 72 Violet Yunus Emre, Yunus's mausoleum, rose, pigeon and the line "Sevelim, sevilelim" (Let us love, let us be loved)
These images are to scale at 0.7 pixels per millimetre.

  See also

  References

  1. ^ http://www.tcmb.gov.tr/yeni/iletisimgm/TLSimge.php
  2. ^ International Organization for Standardization. "BISO 4217 Currency names and code elements". ISO. http://www.iso.org/iso/support/faqs/faqs_widely_used_standards/widely_used_standards_other/currency_codes/currency_codes_list-1.htm. Retrieved 2012-03-22. 
  3. ^ http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/arsiv/269.pdf
  4. ^ http://www.tbmm.gov.tr/tutanaklar/TUTANAK/TBMM/d02/c020/tbmm02020033.pdf
  5. ^ http://www.tcmb.gov.tr/yeni/egm/ing/b001000e.php
  6. ^ Official Gazette of the Republic of Turkey. "Law on the Currency of the Republic of Turkey". http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2004/01/20040131.htm#3. 
  7. ^ ""TL SİMGE YARIŞMASI" ŞARTNAMESİ" (in Turkish). Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Merkez Bankası. October 2011. http://www.tcmb.gov.tr/yeni/duyuru/2011/TLsartname.pdf. Retrieved 2011-09-09. 
  8. ^ . http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-505245_162-57388274/turkey-reveals-symbol-for-its-currency/. [dead link]
  9. ^ "Turkey unveils symbol for national currency", TodaysZaman.com, March 1, 2012 http://www.todayszaman.com/news-272940-.html
  10. ^ "Public Announcement As To The Removal Of The Prefix "New" From The New Turkish Lira". http://www.tcmb.gov.tr/yeni/announce/2007/ANO2007-10.htm. 
  11. ^ Türkiye Cumhuriyet Merkez Bankasi (Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey) (8 May 2007). "Public Announcement As To The Removal Of The Prefix "New" From The New Turkish Lira". Official Gazette no. 26516, 8 May 2007, page 103.. TCMB. http://www.tcmb.gov.tr/yeni/announce/2007/ANO2007-10.htm. Retrieved 2008-01-05. 
  12. ^ Turkish Daily News (2006-09-15). "TL banknotes to be in circulation in 2009". Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. http://web.archive.org/web/20070930170901/http://www.turkishdailynews.com.tr/article.php?enewsid=54176. Retrieved 2006-09-28. 
  13. ^ "Türk Lirası’nda yeni yüzler" (in Turkish). NTV-MSNBC. Anadolu Agency. 2008-10-03. http://www.ntvmsnbc.com/news/461129.asp. Retrieved 2012-03-22. 

  Further reading

  External links

  Historical context

Preceded by:
Ottoman lira
Ratio: 1 Ottoman lira = 140 (first) lira[citation needed]
Currency of Turkey
October 29, 1923 – December 31, 2004
Note: (First)
Succeeded by:
(Second) Turkish lira
(called "New Turkish lira" January 1, 2005 – December 31, 2008)

Reason: inflation
Ratio: 1,000,000 (first) Turkish lira = 1 (second) Turkish lira
Preceded by:
(First) Turkish lira
Reason: inflation
Ratio: 1,000,000 (first) Turkish lira = 1 (second) Turkish lira
Currency of Turkey
January 1, 2005 –
Note: (Second)
Succeeded by:
Current
Current TRY exchange rates
From Google Finance: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD INR CNY
From Yahoo! Finance: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD INR CNY
From XE.com: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD INR CNY
From OANDA.com: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD INR CNY
From fxtop.com: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD INR CNY
   
               

 

Toutes les traductions de Turkish_lira


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