1.a red-brick university in Brighton, England
university; subfaculty; school[ClasseHyper.]
Noms Propres (divers). (fr)[Classe...]
histoire de l'Église (13ème s.) (fr)[termes liés]
University of Sussex (n.)
|University of Sussex|
Aerial view of the campus.
|Motto||Be still and know|
|Vice-Chancellor||Professor Michael Farthing|
|Visitor||The Lord President of the Council ex officio|
|Students||12,445 (as of 2008)[dated info]|
|Location||Falmer, East Sussex, England, United Kingdom|
|Colours||White and Teal|
The University of Sussex is a public research university situated next to the East Sussex village of Falmer, within the city of Brighton and Hove. Taking its name from the historic county of Sussex, the university received its Royal Charter in August 1961.
The university is currently ranked 11th in the UK, 31st in Europe and 99th in the world by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings. The Guardian university guide 2013 placed Sussex joint 27th, and the Times Good University Guide 2012 ranks Sussex at 14th place. Sussex is also a founder member of the 1994 Group of research-intensive universities.
In an effort to establish a university to serve Brighton, a public meeting was held in December 1911 at the Royal Pavilion in order to discover ways to fund the construction of a university; the project was halted by World War I, and the money raised was used instead for books for the Municipal Technical College.
The idea was revived in the 1950s and, in June 1958, the government approved the corporation's scheme for a university at Brighton, the first of a new generation of what came to be known as plate glass universities. The University was established as a company in 1959, with a Royal Charter being granted on 16 August 1961. The University's organisation broke new ground in seeing the campus divided into Schools of Study, with students able to benefit from a multidisciplinary teaching environment. Sussex would emphasise cross-disciplinary activity, so that students would emerge from the university with a range of background or 'contextual' knowledge to complement their specialist 'core' skills in a particular subject area.
Sussex came to be identified with postwar social change and developed a reputation for radicalism. In 1973, 500 students forcibly prevented United States government adviser Samuel Huntington from giving a speech on campus due to his involvement in the Vietnam War.
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In an attempt to appeal to a modern audience, the university chose in 2004 to simplify its logo from the original coat of arms to the current "us" logo. The Vice-Chancellor of the University described the new visual identity as "the starting point for what will be a fresh look and feel for Sussex. It is based on the university's vision and values, themselves a statement of what it aspires to be: pioneering, creative, international, excellent, engaging and challenging."
The campus, designed by Sir Basil Spence, is in the village of Falmer, next to its railway station, and accessed by car from the A27 road. It is situated next to the Sussex Downs, which influenced Spence's design of the campus. The campus is self contained with facilities and shops.
Spence's designs were appreciated in the architecture community, with many of the buildings on the University's campus winning awards. The gatehouse-inspired Falmer House won a bronze medal from the Royal Institute of British Architects. Another campus building, The Meeting House, won the Civic Trust award in 1969. In 1993, the buildings which made up the core of Spence's designs were given listed building status, with Falmer House being one of only two buildings to be given a Grade 1 status of "exceptional interest".
Sussex laid claim to being the "only English university located entirely within a designated Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty". It is now entirely surrounded by the newly founded South Downs National Park.
The Gardner Arts Centre, another of Basil Spence's designs, was opened in 1969 as the first university campus arts centre. It had a 480 seat purpose built theatre, a visual art gallery and studio space and was regularly used for theatre and dance as well as showing a range of films on a modern cinema screen. The Centre closed in the summer of 2007: withdrawal of funding and the cost of renovating the building were given as the key reasons. Following an extensive refurbishment, the centre will reopen as the Attenborough Centre for the Creative Arts (ACCA).[when?]
The university was founded with the unusual structure of "Schools of Study" (ubiquitously abbreviated to "schools") rather than traditional university departments within arts and science faculties. The Schools were intended to promote high-quality teaching and research.
In the early 1990s, the University promoted the system by claiming, "Clusters of faculty [come] together within schools to pursue new areas of intellectual enquiry. The schools also foster broader intellectual links. Physics with Management Studies, Science and Engineering with European Studies, Economics with Mathematics all reach beyond conventional Arts/Science divisions." By this time, the original schools had been developed somewhat and were:
There was also the Institute for Development Studies (IDS).
In 2001, as the university was celebrating its 40th anniversary, the then Vice Chancellor Alasdair Smith proposed  major changes to the curriculum across the 'Arts schools', and structural changes were agreed by the senate which would create two Arts schools and a "Sussex Institute" in place of the five schools then in place. Corresponding changes would be made in Sciences.
The changes were finally implemented in September 2003. After discussion in senate and the schools, the university adopted for the first time in its history the concept of a department. All subjects were located firmly in one school, and undergraduates were offered straightforward degree subjects rather than the distinctive Sussex differentiation based on the context provided by school courses.
The new schools were:
In 2009 the university adopted a new organisational structure. The term "Schools of Studies" was retained, but each was headed by a "Head of School" rather than the traditional "Dean". Many of these new heads were appointed from outside Sussex rather than from existing faculty. The schools as of 2009 are listed below. The term "department" has been retained in some cases, where a school contains separate disciplines.
The changes did not affect the Brighton and Sussex Medical School (BSMS).
In 2011, the Schools of Informatics, and Engineering and Design, were merged to form the School of Informatics and Engineering.
Brighton and Sussex Medical School (BSMS) is a partnership between the University of Brighton and the University of Sussex. The school, which is the first medical school in the South East outside London, gained its licence in 2002 and opened in 2003.
The Institute of Development Studies offers research, teaching and communications related to international development. IDS was founded in 1966 as a research institute based at the University of Sussex. It is financially and constitutionally independent under the status of a charitable company limited by guarantee.
The Centre for Research in Innovation Management is a research-based school of the University of Brighton, established in 1990. It is located in the Freeman Centre building with the Science Policy Research Unit (SPRU) on the University of Sussex campus.
The Sussex Innovation Centre is a business incubator. Opened in 1996, it provides support for the creation and growth of technology and knowledge based companies in the South East. It offers a business environment to over 40 companies in the IT, Biotech, Media and Engineering sectors.
Study Group works in partnership with the University to provide the Sussex University International Study Centre (ISC). It offers a course of academic subjects, study skills and English language training for students who wish to study a degree at the university but who do not yet possess the necessary qualifications to start a degree. The ISC course provides students with English language and academic skills to start at Sussex the following year.
The university has had seven Vice-Chancellors:
The university is currently ranked 19th in the UK, 31st in Europe and 99th in the world by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings According to the 2008 and 2010 Guardian university rankings, Sussex had Britain's best chemistry department, although the 2012 rankings showed a significant 10 place drop to 11th. The current head of Chemistry at Sussex professor Geoff Cloke was in 2007 elected a fellow of The Royal Society. According to the Complete University Guide, Sussex has 12 subjects ranked in the top 10: American Studies, Anatomy and Physiology, Anthropology, Drama, German, History of Art, Italian, Media and Communications, Physics and Astronomy, Psychology, Social Work and Sociology.In recent years, the university has established itself firmly as a top 20 institution in the UK.
Law at Sussex has a very strong reputation not only for the unique and radical perspectives offered, but also for the enthusiasm shown by the student body and faculty alike; great emphasis is placed on legal activities and development all year round. The Law school ranks within the top 10 in the country, and in the top 5 according to NSS results, and so every year the School of Law receives a significantly larger amount of applicants than available places. Admission onto one of the Law programs is very competitive and highly sought after, both nationally and internationally. A new state-of-the-art academic building is set to open mid-2012.
|Times Good University Guide||14th||21st||35th||38th||35th||27th||37th||39th||41st||44th||43rd||34th=||34th=||38th=||35th||39th=||20th=||29th=||23rd=||19th=|
|Guardian University Guide||11th=||15th||18th||34th||24th||37th||37th||16th||28th||33rd|
|Sunday Times University Guide||19th||21st||22nd||22nd||30th||27th||20th||30th||25th||30th||34th||31st||29th||34th|
|Independent - Complete University Guide||19th||19th||29th||26th|
In respect of teaching quality, 13 of the 15 subjects assessed under the current teaching quality assessment scheme have scored 21 or more points (out of 24), with Philosophy and Sociology achieving the maximum score.
The early campus included five "Park Houses" (Essex, Kent, Lancaster, Norwich, and York, named after other 1960s universities) and Park Village. The "houses", of which all but Kent House were based on a courtyard design, featured several long corridors with kitchens and bathrooms at the end and a social space on the ground floor. Park Village, by contrast, consists of individual houses with four bedrooms per floor, a kitchen on both the bottom and the top floor, and bathroom facilities on the middle floor. The houses are arranged in "streets" with a social centre building including porters' office, pigeon-holes for post, and a bar, towards the campus end of the area.
Essex House also featured a self-contained flat (external but attached by a walkway) which was given over to the Nightline confidential listening and advice service in 1992. Essex House was reallocated in the late 1990s as postgraduate teaching space. Kent House includes the Kulukundis House wing, developed with easy access for residents with special needs.
Accommodation on campus was expanded in the 1970s with the construction of the unusual split-level flats of East Slope. This development also has a social building with a porters' office and bar.
In the 1990s, as student numbers rose, further developments were constructed in the corner of campus between East Slope and Park Village. Brighthelm and Lewes Court were constructed in public-private partnership funding arrangements with the Bradford & Northern and Kelsey Housing Associations.
In total there are seven areas of student accommodation on campus. Two newer accommodation areas were completed recently: one next to Falmer railway station, named Stanmer Court, and the other next to East Slope, opposite Bramber House, known as Swanborough.
The newest student residences, named Northfield, have been constructed at the top end of campus, beyond Lewes Court, opening in September 2011.
The University competes in the following sports, usually with both men's and women's teams:
Of the 10,500 students at Sussex, around a quarter are international. Sussex has academic staff from over 50 countries and students from over 120 countries.
The University includes people from many different religious and cultural backgrounds, and there are several places for religious worship on campus.
English Language courses for speakers of other languages are provided by the Language Institute. "English in the Vacation" is intensive practice of spoken and written English. An International Foundation Year offered by the ISC offers routes directly to Sussex degrees.
The International Summer School runs for four and eight weeks starting in July, providing intensive courses. It is predominantly attended by foreign students. The ISS trips office provides excursions to prominent cities, theatres, and activities.
Sussex students may also spend a year abroad as part of their degree.
In the sciences Sussex counts among its past and present faculty five Nobel Prize winners: Sir Anthony Leggett, Sir Paul Nurse, Archer Martin, Sir John Cornforth and Professor Harry Kroto. Sir Harry, the first Briton to win the chemistry prize in over ten years, received the prize in 1996 for the discovery of a new class of carbon compounds known as the fullerenes.
The University has 15 Fellows of the Royal Society - the highest number per science student of any British university other than Cambridge.
In the arts, there are six members of faculty - an unusually high proportion - who have the distinction of being Fellows of the British Academy. Faculty publish around 3,000 papers, journal articles and books each year, as well as being involved in consultative work across the world.
Other prominent academics associated with the University include Geoffrey Bennington, the creator of the MA programme in Modern French Thought (Derrida, Lyotard); Homi K. Bhabha (postcolonialism); Rachel Bowlby (feminism, Woolf, Freud); Geoff Cloke FRS (Inorganic Chemistry); Jonathan Dollimore (Renaissance literature, gender and queer studies); Katy Gardner (social anthropology); Gabriel Josipovici (Dante, the Bible); Michael Land FRS (Animal Vision - Frink Medal)); Michael Lappert FRS (Inorganic Chemistry); Alan Lehmann FRS (Genetics and Genome Stability); (Laura Marcus (Woolf); John Murrell FRS (Theoretical Chemistry); Peter Nicholls (Pound, modernism); John Nixon FRS (Inorganic Chemistry)); Laurence Pearl FRS (Structural Biology); Guy Richardson FRS (Neuroscience); Jacqueline Rose (feminism, psychoanalysis); Nicholas Royle (modern literature and theory; deconstruction); Alan Sinfield (Shakespeare, sexuality, queer theory); Norman Vance (Victorian, classical reception); Richard Whatmore & Knud Haakonssen (intellectual historians); Gavin Ashenden (Senior Lecturer in English, University Chaplain, and Chaplain to Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II; Cedric Watts (Conrad, Greene); Marcus Wood (postcolonialism).
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