» 
allemand anglais arabe bulgare chinois coréen croate danois espagnol estonien finnois français grec hébreu hindi hongrois islandais indonésien italien japonais letton lituanien malgache néerlandais norvégien persan polonais portugais roumain russe serbe slovaque slovène suédois tchèque thai turc vietnamien
allemand anglais arabe bulgare chinois coréen croate danois espagnol estonien finnois français grec hébreu hindi hongrois islandais indonésien italien japonais letton lituanien malgache néerlandais norvégien persan polonais portugais roumain russe serbe slovaque slovène suédois tchèque thai turc vietnamien

définition - Walhalla_temple

voir la définition de Wikipedia

   Publicité ▼

Wikipedia

Walhalla temple

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search
View of Walhalla from the Danube River.
View of the Walhalla main hall.

The Walhalla is a hall of fame for "laudable and distinguished Germans"[1] resp. "famous personalities in German history – politicians, sovereigns, scientists and artists" "of the German tongue"[1], housed in a neo-classical building above the Danube River east of Regensburg, in Bavaria, Germany. It was conceived in 1807 by Crown Prince Ludwig I of Bavaria, when he had become King, and was built between 1830 and 1842 by the architect Leo von Klenze. The Walhalla hosts about 65 placques and 130 busts of persons, covering 2000 years of history; as the oldest person honored is Arminius, victor in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest in the year 9.

Contents

History

By 1806, Napoleon's First French Empire had annexed German lands along the Rhine and the North Sea, and Central German states formed the Confederation of the Rhine, which sided with Napoleon. As a result of this, Emperor Francis II formally dissolved the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation and styled himself Austrian Emperor instead. The War of the Fourth Coalition pitted German forces on both sides, and Napoleon prevailed once again.

In 1807, 20-year-old Crown Prince Ludwig I of the Kingdom of Bavaria, newly elevated by Napoleon, had the idea to remind all Germans of common heritage, of great figures and events in ethnic German history. He ordered several sculptors to create busts of famous persons of his choice, and Johann Gottfried Schadow's bust of Nicolaus Copernicus was one of the first to be finished, in 1807. For further advice, Ludwig contacted Swiss historian Johannes von Müller in 1808.

By the time of King Ludwig I's coronation in 1825, 60 busts had been completed. In 1826, he commissioned a temple above the Danube near Regensburg, modeled after the Parthenon in Athens. The southern pediment frieze features the 1815 creation of the German Confederation; the northern shows scenes from the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest.[2]

On the Walhalla's inauguration on October 18, 1842, there were 96 busts, plus 64 plaques for persons or events of which no portrait was available on which to model a sculpture. As being "of the German tongue" was the main selection criterion for the original 160 persons representing the 1,800 years, the King included persons from or active in modern-day Sweden, Austria, Czech Republic, Poland, United Kingdom, Netherlands, Russia, Switzerland and the Baltic States.

Whereas the Valhalla of Norse mythology was home to those gloriously slain in battle, Ludwig's Walhalla was intended not only for warriors but also for scientists, writers, clerics and specifically also for women. Decades before the German Empire was founded in 1871, "German" was understood as "Germanic," since Gothic, Langobardic, Anglo-Saxon, Dutch and Swiss German figures were included, as well as persons who had gained fame mainly in other countries or for non-German governments.

As successor to the King, the government of Bavaria decides on additions. Proposals may be made by anyone, but only persons who have been dead at least 20 years are eligible (this had been doubled in 1912). Only 31 busts have been added since, on an irregular basis, for a total of 191, twelve of them female.

Ludwig I. Bust at the Ruhmeshalle, Munich.

In Munich, an additional Hall of Fame for Bavarians was established in 1853 — the Ruhmeshalle München. Nine of the Bavarian enshrinees have since been made Walhalla enshrinees. Thus, their Ruhmeshalle busts, which were destroyed in 1944 during World War II, have not been recreated. Instead, a plaque with their names tells of their transfer to Walhalla. Additionally, King Ludwig I, who also commissioned the Befreiungshalle and other monuments, is enshrined both at Walhalla and the Ruhmeshalle.

List of persons

Commemorative plaques

Plaques were made for persons (or acts) of which no portraits or descriptions were available to model sculptures after. The timeline spans from Arminis a.k.a. Hermann der Cherusker (born 17 BC) to watchmaker Peter Henlein, who died in 1542. In 2003 a plaque was added to commemorate well-known and unknown German Resistance fighters against Nazi Germany.

  1. Alaric I - king of the Visigoths
  2. Albertus Magnus - philosopher and theologian
  3. Alboin - king of the Lombards
  4. Alfred the Great - King of Wessex
  5. Alcuin - Charlemagne's leading advisor on ecclesiastical and educational affairs
  6. Arnulf of Carinthia - Holy Roman Emperor
  7. Arnulf, Duke of Bavaria - Arnulf the Bad, confiscated church property for defense
  8. Athaulf - king of the Visigoths
  9. Beda Venerabilis - monk and scholar
  10. Bernward of Hildesheim - Bishop of Hildesheim
  11. Saint Boniface - Patron saint of Germany
  12. Adrian von Bubenberg - Swiss knight and general
  13. Clovis I - King of the Franks
  14. Julius Civilis (* 25), leader of Germanic rebellion against Rome in 69
  15. Egbert of Wessex (770–839), considered the first de facto King of England, grandfather of Alfred the Great
  16. Eginhard - historian
  17. Elisabeth of Hungary - Saint and Hungarian princess
  18. Emmeram of Regensburg - Saint
  19. Engelbert II of Berg - Saint
  20. Friediger
  21. Frederick I of Austria (Habsburg) Duke of Austria and King of the Romans
  22. Geiseric - King of the Vandals and Alans
  23. Gerhard von Rile - architect of the Cologne Cathedral
  24. Peter Henlein - inventor of the watch
  25. Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor
  26. Hengest - king
  27. Heribert of Cologne - Archbishop of Cologne and Chancellor of Emperor Otto III.
  28. Ermanaric - King of the Ostrogoths
  29. Hermann der Cherusker -, victor in the Battle of Teutoburg Forest
  30. Hermann von Salza - fourth Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights
  31. Hildegard von Bingen a German magistra[1], monastic leader, mystic, author, and composer of music.
  32. Horsa - fifth century warrior, brother of Hengest
  33. Hrosvit - a twelfth century canoness, Latin language poet, and pioneer dramatist of Gandersheim Abbey, Lower Saxony
  34. Charles Martel - the Hammer, defeated the Arabs at the Battle of Tours
  35. Charlemagne - founder of the Holy Roman Empire
  36. Lambrecht von Aschaffenburg
  37. Leopold VI, Duke of Austria
  38. Marbod - king of the Marcomanni
  39. Mechtilde - Saint
  40. The writer of the Nibelungenlied
  41. Odoacer - chieftain of the Germanic, deposed the last Western Roman Emperor
  42. Otto II Wittelsbach, Duke of Bavaria
  43. Otto of Bamberg - canonized medieval German bishop who as papal legate converted much of Pomerania to Christianity.
  44. Otto of Freising - Bishop of Freising
  45. Otto I Wittelsbach, Duke of Bavaria
  46. Pippin of Herstal, Mayor of the Palace
  47. Pippin the Younger, Mayor of the Palace
  48. Rabanus Maurus, Benedictine monk, archbishop of Mainz
  49. The three men of the Rütli-Schwur - Swiss confederation
    Oath on the Rütli
  50. Theudelinde
  51. Theodoric I - King of the Visigoths
  52. Theodoric the Great, king of the Ostrogoths and of the Visigoths
  53. Arnold von Thurn
  54. Totila, king of the Ostrogoths
  55. Ulfilas, Gothic bishop, missionary, and translator.
  56. Veleda, prophetess of the Bructeri during the Batavian rebellion
  57. Walther von der Vogelweide, celebrated poet of Middle High German lyric
  58. Bruno von Warendorp - mayor of Lübeck
  59. Paul Warnefried - Paul the Deacon
  60. Meister Wilhelm von Köln
  61. Saint Willibrord, Northumbrian missionary, known as the Apostle to the Frisians
  62. Arnold von Winkelried, hero of the Swiss
  63. Widukind - duke of Saxony and antagonist of Charlemagne during the Saxon Wars
  64. Wolfram von Eschenbach, a German knight, Minnesinger and epic poet
  65. Widerstand - German Resistance fighters against Nazi Germany. Added in 2003.

Busts

Ludwig van Beethoven,
Tondichter ("composer").
Walhalla colonnade.

The rows of the original busts are ordered by the date of death, beginning with Henry the Fowler (born 876 AD), ending with Goethe (died 1832).

Original busts (before 1847)

  1. Amalie Elisabeth – Countess of Hesse-Kassel during the Thirty Years' War
  2. August II the StrongElector of Saxony and King of Poland
  3. Michael Andreas Barclay de TollyRussian Field Marshal from Baltic German family of Scottish descent
  4. Ludwig van Beethoven – German composer from the classical period
  5. Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar – general in the Thirty Years' War
  6. Gebhard Leberecht von BlücherPrussian Generalfeldmarschall
  7. Herman Boerhaave – Dutch humanist and physician
  8. Gottfried August Bürger – poet
  9. Christoph, Duke of Württemberg – Duke of Württemberg
  10. Johann von DalbergBishop of Worms
  11. Hans Karl von DiebitschRussian field marshal, born in Silesia
  12. Albrecht Dürerprintmaker and painter
  13. Anthony van Dyck – Flemish painter and etcher
  14. Eberhard I. of Württemberg – Duke of Württemberg
  15. Julius Echter von MespelbrunnBishop of Würzburg
  16. Joseph Freiherr von Eichendorff – poet
  17. Erasmus of Rotterdam – Dutch humanist
  18. Ernst I – Duke of Saxe-Gotha and Saxe-Altenburg during the Thirty Years' War
  19. Jan van Eyck – Flemish painter
  20. Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick-LüneburgPrussian Generalfeldmarschall
  21. Frederick I, Elector Palatinethe Victorious, Elector of Palatinate
  22. Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor - Barbarossa
  23. Frederick II, Holy Roman EmperorStupor mundi
  24. Frederick II of PrussiaFrederick the Great
  25. Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburgthe Great Elector
  26. Georg von FrundsbergKnight and leader of Landsknechts
  27. Jakob Fuggerthe Rich, merchant in Augsburg
  28. Ernst Gideon Freiherr von Laudon – Austrian field marshal from Livonia
  29. Christoph Willibald Gluck – composer
  30. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – poet and polymath
  31. Johann Joseph von Görres – writer
  32. Hugo Grotius – Dutch jurist
  33. Otto von Guericke – German scientist and inventor
  34. Johannes Gutenberg – inventor of movable type
  35. Albrecht von Haller – Swiss anatomist and physiologist
  36. Hans von Hallwyl – Swiss commander at the Battle of Morat
  37. Georg Friedrich Händel – German baroque composer
  38. Joseph Haydn – Austrian composer from the classical period
  39. Henry the Lion – Duke of Saxony and Bavaria
  40. Henry the Fowler – Duke of Saxony and King of the Germans
  41. Johann Jakob Wilhelm Heinse - German author
  42. Berthold von Henneberg – Elector and Archbishop of Mainz
  43. Johann Gottfried Herder – German poet, critic, and theologian
  44. Friedrich Wilhelm Herschel – German astronomer and composer
  45. Hans Holbein the Younger – German painter
  46. Ulrich von Hutten – German knight and Humanist
  47. Friedrich Ludwig Jahn – German patriot and father of gymnastics
  48. Immanuel Kant – German philosopher from the classical period
  49. Archduke Charles of Austria – Austrian military commander
  50. Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
  51. Charles V, Duke of Lorraine
  52. Charles X Gustav of Sweden – King of Sweden
  53. Catherine II of Russia, Catherine the Great – Tsarina of Russia
  54. Johannes Kepler – German mathematician and astronomer
  55. Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock – German poet
  56. Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor
  57. Nicolaus Copernicus – catholic canon born in Thorn[3], overthrew the Ptolemian school of thought
  58. Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz – German philosopher and mathematician
  59. Gotthold Ephraim Lessing – German poet from the age of enlightenment
  60. Justus von Liebig – German chemist
  61. Paris Graf von LodronArchbishop of Salzburg
  62. Ludwig Wilhelm von Baden - Türkenlouis, Imperial commander
  63. Ludwig I – King of Bavaria
  64. Maria Theresia – Archduchess of Austria and Queen of Hungary and Bohemia
  65. Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor
  66. Maximilian I – Prince-elector of Bavaria
  67. Hans Memling – Flemish painter
  68. Raphael Mengs – Bohemian painter
  69. Maurice of Orange – Dutch captain-general of the army of the Dutch Republic
  70. Maurice of Saxony – German commander and military strategist
  71. Justus Möser – German historian
  72. Wolfgang Amadeus MozartAustrian composer from the classical period
  73. Johannes Müller (Regiomontanus) – German astronomer and mathematician
  74. Johannes von MüllerSwiss historian
  75. Burkhard Christoph Graf von Münnich – German field marshall in Russian service
  76. August Graf Neidhardt von Gneisenau – Prussian field marshall
  77. Nicholas of Flue – Swiss hermit, ascetic and mystic
  78. Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor
  79. Theophrast von Hohenheim Paracelsus – 17th century Swiss physician and alchemist
  80. Jean Paul – German humorist
  81. Max von Pettenkofer – German chemist and hygienist
  82. Wolter von Plettenberg – German Master of the Livonian Brothers of the Sword
  83. Johannes von Reuchlin – German philosopher and humanist
  84. Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen – German physicist
  85. Peter Paul Rubens – Flemish painter
  86. Rudolf I of Habsburg – German king
  87. Michiel Adriaenszoon de Ruyter – Dutch admiral
  88. Gerhard von Scharnhorst – Prussian general
  89. Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Schelling – German philosopher
  90. Friedrich von Schiller - German poet and exponent of Sturm und Drang
  91. Johann Philipp von SchönbornArchbishop and Prince-elector of Mainz
  92. Karl Philipp Fürst zu Schwarzenberg – Austrian field marshall.
  93. Franz von Sickingen – leader of the knighthood in Rhineland and Swabia.
  94. Frans Snyders - Flemish painter.
  95. Karl vom und zum Stein – Prussian politician.
  96. Erwin von Steinbach – German architect of the Straßburger Münster.
  97. Adalbert Stifter – Austrian author.
  98. Johannes Aventinus (Johann Georg Turmair) – Bavarian scholar and historian.
  99. Maximilian von und zu Trauttmansdorff – Austrian diplomat that negotiated the Peace of Westphalia.
  100. Maarten Harpertszoon Tromp – Dutch admiral.
  101. Aegidius Tschudi – Swiss composser
  102. Peter Vischer the elder – German Sculptor.
  103. Albrecht von Wallenstein – Bohemian general in the Thirty Years' War.
  104. Christoph Martin Wieland – German Poet.
  105. Wilhelm Graf zu Schaumburg-Lippe – Commander of his army in the Seven Years' War and for Portugal.
  106. William I of Orange – Dutch leader of the Eighty Years' War for the Dutch independence from Spain.
  107. William III of Orange – Dutch Stadtholder and king of England, Scotland, and Ireland.
  108. Johann Joachim Winckelmann – German archeologist and art writer.
  109. Nikolaus Ludwig von Zinzendorf – German religious and social reformer, bishop of the Moravian Church.

Later additions (after 1847)

sorted chronologically by year of addition
  1. Martin Luther (1848) – Leader of the Protestant Reformation, translator of the Bible into German
  2. Josef Wenzel Graf Radetzky von Radetz – Bohemian military leader
  3. Gregor Joh. Mendel – Silesian Augustinian monk and naturalist[4]
  4. Wilhelm I (1898) – German Emperor
  5. Otto von Bismarck – Chancellor of North German Confederation and then of the German Empire
  6. Richard Wagner (1913) – German composer of operas
  7. Johann Sebastian Bach (1916) – composer
  8. Franz Peter Schubert (1928) – Austrian Romantic composer
  9. Anton Bruckner (1937) – Austrian composer
  10. Max Reger (1948) – German composer and organist of the late romantic period
  11. Helmuth Graf von Moltke – German Generalfeldmarschall
  12. Richard Strauss (1973) – German composer
  13. Carl Maria von Weber (1978) – German composer
  14. Albert Einstein (1990) – physicist
  15. Karolina Gerhardinger (1998) – founder of the School Sisters of Notre Dame
  16. Konrad Adenauer (1999) – first Chancellor of West Germany
  17. Johannes Brahms (2000) - Composer
  18. Sophie Scholl (2003) - German passive resistance activist against the Nazi regime. [5]
  19. Johann Carl Friedrich Gauß (2007) – mathematician, astronomer, and physicist[2]
  20. Edith Stein (2008) – philosopher and saint
  21. Heinrich Heine (2009) [3][dead link]

Literature

  • Walhalla, official guide booklet, translated by Helen Stellner and David Hiley, Bernhard Bosse Verlag Regensburg, 2002
  • Adalbert Müller: Donaustauf and Walhalla (1846) at archive.org

References

  1. ^ a b Official Guide booklet, 2002, p. 3
  2. ^ Official Guide booklet, 2002, p. 6
  3. ^ Official Guide booklet, 2002, p. 31
  4. ^ Hynčice lie in Silesia.
  5. ^ The bust of Sophie Scholl was inaugurated on February 22, 2003, the 60th anniversary of her execution. It is also intended as a representative of all the members of the Widerstand (the German Resistance against Nazi Germany), who have been honored with an additional plaque.

External links

Coordinates: 49°01′53.35″N 12°13′26.72″E / 49.0314861°N 12.2240889°E / 49.0314861; 12.2240889

 

Toutes les traductions de Walhalla_temple


Contenu de sensagent

  • définitions
  • synonymes
  • antonymes
  • encyclopédie

  • definition
  • synonym

Dictionnaire et traducteur pour mobile

⇨ Nouveau : sensagent est maintenant disponible sur votre mobile

   Publicité ▼

sensagent's office

Raccourcis et gadgets. Gratuit.

* Raccourci Windows : sensagent.

* Widget Vista : sensagent.

dictionnaire et traducteur pour sites web

Alexandria

Une fenêtre (pop-into) d'information (contenu principal de Sensagent) est invoquée un double-clic sur n'importe quel mot de votre page web. LA fenêtre fournit des explications et des traductions contextuelles, c'est-à-dire sans obliger votre visiteur à quitter votre page web !

Essayer ici, télécharger le code;

SensagentBox

Avec la boîte de recherches Sensagent, les visiteurs de votre site peuvent également accéder à une information de référence pertinente parmi plus de 5 millions de pages web indexées sur Sensagent.com. Vous pouvez Choisir la taille qui convient le mieux à votre site et adapter la charte graphique.

Solution commerce électronique

Augmenter le contenu de votre site

Ajouter de nouveaux contenus Add à votre site depuis Sensagent par XML.

Parcourir les produits et les annonces

Obtenir des informations en XML pour filtrer le meilleur contenu.

Indexer des images et définir des méta-données

Fixer la signification de chaque méta-donnée (multilingue).


Renseignements suite à un email de description de votre projet.

Jeux de lettres

Les jeux de lettre français sont :
○   Anagrammes
○   jokers, mots-croisés
○   Lettris
○   Boggle.

Lettris

Lettris est un jeu de lettres gravitationnelles proche de Tetris. Chaque lettre qui apparaît descend ; il faut placer les lettres de telle manière que des mots se forment (gauche, droit, haut et bas) et que de la place soit libérée.

boggle

Il s'agit en 3 minutes de trouver le plus grand nombre de mots possibles de trois lettres et plus dans une grille de 16 lettres. Il est aussi possible de jouer avec la grille de 25 cases. Les lettres doivent être adjacentes et les mots les plus longs sont les meilleurs. Participer au concours et enregistrer votre nom dans la liste de meilleurs joueurs ! Jouer

Dictionnaire de la langue française
Principales Références

La plupart des définitions du français sont proposées par SenseGates et comportent un approfondissement avec Littré et plusieurs auteurs techniques spécialisés.
Le dictionnaire des synonymes est surtout dérivé du dictionnaire intégral (TID).
L'encyclopédie française bénéficie de la licence Wikipedia (GNU).

Copyright

Les jeux de lettres anagramme, mot-croisé, joker, Lettris et Boggle sont proposés par Memodata.
Le service web Alexandria est motorisé par Memodata pour faciliter les recherches sur Ebay.
La SensagentBox est offerte par sensAgent.

Traduction

Changer la langue cible pour obtenir des traductions.
Astuce: parcourir les champs sémantiques du dictionnaire analogique en plusieurs langues pour mieux apprendre avec sensagent.

Dernières recherches dans le dictionnaire :

2301 visiteurs en ligne

calculé en 0,094s

Je voudrais signaler :
section :
une faute d'orthographe ou de grammaire
un contenu abusif (raciste, pornographique, diffamatoire)
une violation de copyright
une erreur
un manque
autre
merci de préciser :

Mon compte

connexion

inscription

   Publicité ▼