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World Series Most Valuable Player Award

                   
World Series Most Valuable Player Award
Awarded for Annual Most Valuable Player of the World Series
Presented by Major League Baseball
Country United States
First awarded 1955
Currently held by David Freese, 2011 St. Louis Cardinals
An African American male in his sixties wearing a cap and jacket, both with a logo of an overlapping "N" and two overlapping "Y"s, and sunglasses, stands on a baseball field.
  Hall of Famer Reggie Jackson won the 1973 and 1977 World Series MVPs. Jackson hit five home runs in the 1977 World Series, and took the nickname "Mr. October".

The World Series Most Valuable Player (MVP) Award is given to the player deemed to have the most impact on his team's performance in the World Series,[1] which is the final round of the Major League Baseball (MLB) postseason. The award was first presented in 1955 as the SPORT Magazine Award, but is now decided during the final game of the Series by a committee of reporters and officials present at the game.[2]

The series follows a best-of-seven playoff format, and occurs after the Division Series and the League Championship Series (LCS).[3] It is played by the winners of the National League Championship Series (NLCS) and the American League Championship Series (ALCS).[4] The most recent champions are the St. Louis Cardinals, who won in the 2011 World Series.[5]

Johnny Podres won the inaugural award in 1955 with the Brooklyn Dodgers. Podres, with nine wins and ten losses during the regular season, beat the Yankees twice in the series; both victories were complete games.[6] Don Larsen won the 1956 World Series MVP after pitching the only no-hitter in World Series history, in the fifth game of the series; the no-hitter was also a perfect game.[7][8] Bobby Richardson won the 1960 World Series MVP while playing for the losing team in the series, the New York Yankees, and had 12 runs batted in, a World Series record;[9] he is also the only second baseman to win the World Series MVP.[10] Depending upon definitions, the first non-American to win the award was either Roberto Clemente in 1971 or Pedro Guerrero in 1981.[11] In 1977, Reggie Jackson hit three home runs in the deciding game, taking the nickname "Mr. October", in which October is the month of the MLB postseason;[12] Jackson had a total of five home runs in the series, a World Series record.[9] Willie Stargell won the 1979 World Series MVP at the age of 39, and is the oldest World Series MVP.[13] In 1996, John Wetteland won the World Series MVP, setting a World Series record with four saves.[14] Twelve World Series MVPs were inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame;[15] Paul Molitor (1993) is the only Hall of Famer to have won the World Series MVP since 1981. Molitor is also the first designated hitter to win the World Series MVP.[10] Ten of the thirteen World Series MVPs who have won the award since 1997 are still active in MLB—Scott Brosius, Randy Johnson and Curt Schilling are the World Series MVPs from that period who are inactive. Hideki Matsui, the 2009 winner, batted in six runs in the sixth game of the 2009 World Series, tying Richardson's record of most runs batted in for a single World Series game. Matsui became the first Japanese-born player to win the award, as well as the first player to win it as a full-time designated hitter.[16][17] He is also the only player named both a World Series and a Japan Series MVP.[18]

  Hall of Famer Sandy Koufax won the award twice.

Three players have won the award twice: Sandy Koufax (1963, 1965), Gibson (1964, 1967), and Jackson (1973, 1977); Jackson is the only player to have won the award with two different teams. There have been two occasions on which multiple winners were awarded in the same World Series: Ron Cey, Pedro Guerrero, and Steve Yeager in 1981,[19] and Johnson and Schilling in 2001. The duo of Johnson and Schilling combined for all four of Arizona's wins in the 2001 World Series; Johnson had three of them.[20]

Twelve of the fifty-eight World Series MVPs have also won the MLB MVP, the Cy Young Award, or the LCS MVP in the same season. Koufax (1963), Frank Robinson (1966), Jackson (1973), Stargell, and Mike Schmidt (1980) are the only players to have won the MLB MVP and the World Series MVP. A total of six players won the Cy Young Award and the World Series MVP in the same season: Bob Turley (1958), Whitey Ford (1961), Koufax (1963, 1965), Bret Saberhagen (1985), Orel Hershiser (1988), and Johnson (2001). Six players have won the World Series MVP in the same season in which they won the LCS MVP: Stargell (1979), Darrell Porter (1982), Hershiser (1988), Liván Hernández (1997), Cole Hamels (2008), and David Freese (2011)—all of them were the NLCS MVPs. Koufax (1963) is the only person to have won the Cy Young Award, the MLB MVP, and the World Series MVP in the same season, while Stargell (1979) is the only person to have won the MLB MVP, the LCS MVP and the World Series MVP in the same season. Hershiser (1988) won the Cy Young Award, the LCS MVP and the World Series MVP in the same season.[21][22][23]

Pitchers have been named Series MVP twenty-six times; four of them were relief pitchers. Twelve of the first fourteen World Series MVPs were won by pitchers; from 1969 until 1986, the proportion of pitcher MVPs declined—Rollie Fingers (1974) and Saberhagen (1985) were the only two pitchers to win the award in this period. From 1987 until 1991, all of the World Series MVPs were pitchers, and since 1995, pitchers have won the award eight times.

  Winners

A manwearing a vanilla-colored jacket, with a white collared dress shirt and a black scarf around his neck
  Don Larsen won the World Series MVP in the 1956 World Series with the New York Yankees. Larsen is the only pitcher to pitch a perfect game in World Series history.
A smiling young man wearing a black baseball cap imprinted with a picture of a bird
  Hall of Famer Brooks Robinson won the 1970 World Series MVP, becoming the first third baseman to win the award.
An older white male wearing a green cap with a yellow bill, a blue jersey, with the lettering "FINGERS" and a number 34 below it on the back, on a grass field.
  Hall of Famer Rollie Fingers won the 1974 World Series MVP with the Oakland Athletics.
A middle-aged white male wearing a white cap.
  Pete Rose won the 1975 World Series MVP with the Cincinnati Reds, and became the second third baseman to win the award.
A white male in his fifties with loss of hair wearing a vanilla-colored tailcoat with a collared sky blue dress shirt underneath.
  Hall of Famer Johnny Bench won the World Series MVP in the 1976 World Series, becoming the second catcher to win the award.
A white male with a receding hairline looks on after swinging at a golf ball with a club. He is wearing a sky blue polo shirt, golf pants, and a white cap.
  Hall of Famer Mike Schmidt won the 1980 World Series MVP with the Philadelphia Phillies.
A gray-haired white male, wearing a white uniform with "Dodgers" across it, sitting in a bullpen with a white fence in the background.
  Steve Yeager was one of the three 1981 World Series MVPs for the Los Angeles Dodgers.
A tanned male baseball player in his fifties wearing a black cap and shirt, holding a baseball.
  Orel Hershiser won the NL Cy Young Award, the NLCS MVP and the World Series MVP, all in the 1988 season.
A left-handed baseball pitcher wearing a black baseball cap, white uniform, and black shoes; the back of his uniform has the lettering "GLAVINE" and the number 47, in a throwing stance.
  Tom Glavine won the World Series MVP in the 1995 World Series with the Atlanta Braves.
A left-handed, middle-aged white male baseball pitcher, wearing a grey uniform and a red cap, in a throwing stance.
  Randy Johnson (top) and Curt Schilling combined for all four of Arizona Diamondback's wins in the 2001 World Series. Both of them shared the World Series MVP.
A white male baseball player with facial hair, wearing a blue cap with a red "B" on it, a red polyester shirt, and white pants, looks to his left.
  Mike Lowell won the World Series MVP in the 2007 World Series with the Boston Red Sox.
A man in a white baseball uniform with red trim. He is wearing a red cap and holding his left hand behind a black baseball glove.
  Cole Hamels, the 2008 World Series Most Valuable Player (MVP), was a player to win both this award and the League Championship Series MVP in the same season.
An Asian male wearing a grey uniform with the lettering "NEW YORK" across it, in his after-swing pose
  In 2009, Hideki Matsui became the first Japanese-born player, as well as the first full-time designated hitter, to win the award.
  David Freese won the award and the League Championship series in the same year for the 2011 St. Louis Cardinals.
Key
Year Links to the article about that corresponding World Series
§
Member of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum
Active player
*
Indicates player also won the LCS MVP Award in the same postseason
Indicates losing team in the World Series
^
Indicates multiple award winners in the same World Series
(#)
Indicates number of times winning World Series MVP at that point (if he won multiple times)
 Year Player Team Position Selected statistics Note
1955 Podres, JohnnyJohnny Podres Brooklyn Dodgers Starting pitcher [6]
1956 Larsen, DonDon Larsen New York Yankees Starting pitcher [25]
1957 Burdette, LewLew Burdette Milwaukee Braves Starting pitcher [26]
1958 Turley, BobBob Turley New York Yankees Pitcher [27]
1959 Sherry, LarryLarry Sherry Los Angeles Dodgers Relief pitcher [28]
1960 Richardson, BobbyBobby Richardson New York Yankees Second baseman [29]
1961 Ford, WhiteyWhitey Ford§ New York Yankees Starting pitcher [30]
1962 Terry, RalphRalph Terry New York Yankees Starting pitcher [31]
1963 Koufax, SandySandy Koufax§ Los Angeles Dodgers Starting pitcher [32]
1964 Gibson, BobBob Gibson§ St. Louis Cardinals Starting pitcher [33]
1965 Koufax, SandySandy Koufax§ (2) Los Angeles Dodgers Starting pitcher [34]
1966 Robinson, FrankFrank Robinson§ Baltimore Orioles Outfielder [35]
1967 Gibson, BobBob Gibson§ (2) St. Louis Cardinals Starting pitcher [36]
1968 Lolich, MickeyMickey Lolich Detroit Tigers Starting pitcher [37]
1969 Clendenon, DonnDonn Clendenon New York Mets First baseman [38]
1970 Robinson, BrooksBrooks Robinson§ Baltimore Orioles Third baseman [39]
1971 Clemente, RobertoRoberto Clemente§ Pittsburgh Pirates Outfielder [40]
1972 Tenace, GeneGene Tenace Oakland Athletics Catcher [41]
1973 Jackson, ReggieReggie Jackson§ Oakland Athletics Outfielder [42]
1974 Fingers, RollieRollie Fingers§ Oakland Athletics Relief pitcher [43]
1975 Rose, PetePete Rose Cincinnati Reds Third baseman [44]
1976 Bench, JohnnyJohnny Bench§ Cincinnati Reds Catcher [45]
1977 Jackson, ReggieReggie Jackson§ (2) New York Yankees Outfielder [46]
1978 Dent, BuckyBucky Dent New York Yankees Shortstop [47]
1979* Stargell, WillieWillie Stargell§ Pittsburgh Pirates First baseman [48]
1980 Schmidt, MikeMike Schmidt§ Philadelphia Phillies Third baseman [49]
1981^ Cey, RonRon Cey Los Angeles Dodgers Third baseman [19]
1981^ Guerrero, PedroPedro Guerrero Los Angeles Dodgers Outfielder [19]
1981^ Yeager, SteveSteve Yeager Los Angeles Dodgers Catcher [19]
1982* Porter, DarrellDarrell Porter St. Louis Cardinals Catcher [50]
1983 Dempsey, RickRick Dempsey Baltimore Orioles Catcher [51]
1984 Trammell, AlanAlan Trammell Detroit Tigers Shortstop [52]
1985 Saberhagen, BretBret Saberhagen Kansas City Royals Starting pitcher [53]
1986 Knight, RayRay Knight New York Mets Third baseman [54]
1987 Viola, FrankFrank Viola Minnesota Twins Starting pitcher [55]
1988* Hershiser, OrelOrel Hershiser Los Angeles Dodgers Starting pitcher [56]
1989 Stewart, DaveDave Stewart Oakland Athletics Starting pitcher [57]
1990 Rijo, JoséJosé Rijo Cincinnati Reds Starting pitcher [58]
1991 Morris, JackJack Morris Minnesota Twins Starting pitcher [59]
1992 Borders, PatPat Borders Toronto Blue Jays Catcher [60]
1993 Molitor, PaulPaul Molitor§ Toronto Blue Jays Third baseman/ Designated hitter [61]
1994
Series cancelled due to player's strike [62]
1995 Glavine, TomTom Glavine Atlanta Braves Starting pitcher [63]
1996 Wetteland, JohnJohn Wetteland New York Yankees Relief pitcher [64]
1997* Hernández, LivánLiván Hernández Florida Marlins Starting pitcher [65][66]
1998 Brosius, ScottScott Brosius New York Yankees Third baseman [67]
1999 Rivera, MarianoMariano Rivera New York Yankees Relief pitcher [68][69]
2000 Jeter, DerekDerek Jeter New York Yankees Shortstop [70][71]
2001^ Johnson, RandyRandy Johnson Arizona Diamondbacks Pitcher [20][72]
2001^ Schilling, CurtCurt Schilling Arizona Diamondbacks Starting pitcher [20]
2002 Glaus, TroyTroy Glaus Anaheim Angels Third baseman [73][74]
2003 Beckett, JoshJosh Beckett Florida Marlins Starting pitcher [75][76]
2004 Ramirez, MannyManny Ramirez Boston Red Sox Outfielder [77][78]
2005 Dye, JermaineJermaine Dye Chicago White Sox Outfielder [79][80]
2006 Eckstein, DavidDavid Eckstein St. Louis Cardinals Shortstop [81][82]
2007 Lowell, MikeMike Lowell Boston Red Sox Third baseman [83][84]
2008* Hamels, ColeCole Hamels Philadelphia Phillies Starting pitcher [85][86]
2009 Matsui, HidekiHideki Matsui New York Yankees Designated hitter [87][88]
2010 Rentería, EdgarEdgar Rentería San Francisco Giants Shortstop [89]
2011* Freese, DavidDavid Freese St. Louis Cardinals Third baseman [90]

  See also

  References

General
Specific
  1. ^ Rand, Michael (September 3, 2009). "Thursday (Derek Jeter over Joe Mauer for MVP?) edition: Wha' Happened?". Minneapolis Star-Tribune. http://www.startribune.com/blogs/56922227.html?elr=KArksi8cyaiUBP7hUiD3aPc:_Yyc:aUU. Retrieved September 12, 2009. 
  2. ^ "World Series Most Valuable Player Award". Baseball Almanac. http://www.baseball-almanac.com/awards/aw_mvpw.shtml. Retrieved November 7, 2009. 
  3. ^ Gillette, Gary and Palmer, Pete, ed. (2006). The 2006 ESPN Baseball Encyclopedia. Sterling. p. 1656. ISBN 1-4027-3625-8. http://books.google.com/?id=eUe37F9gN00C&pg=PT1679&dq=league+championship+series+mvp&q=league%20championship%20series%20mvp. Retrieved October 8, 2009. 
  4. ^ Vass, George (January 1, 1994). "Major League Baseball Embarks on a New Era in '94". Baseball Digest (Lakeside Publishing Company) 53 (1): 40–45. ISSN 0005-609X. http://books.google.com/?id=yCoDAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA40&dq=major+league+baseball+playoff+wild+card&q=. Retrieved September 4, 2009. 
  5. ^ Leach, Matthew (October 29, 2011). "Eleventh heaven: Cardinals are Series champs". Major League Baseball. http://mlb.mlb.com/mlb/gameday/index.jsp?gid=2011_10_28_texmlb_slnmlb_1&mode=recap&c_id=stl. Retrieved October 29, 2011. 
  6. ^ a b "1955 World Series". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference, LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/postseason/1955_WS.shtml. Retrieved September 20, 2009. 
  7. ^ "1956 World Series: Game 5; Three words: Larsen's Perfect Game". Major League Baseball. http://mlb.mlb.com/mlb/baseballs_best/mlb_bb_gamepage.jsp?story_page=bb_56ws_gm5_bknnyy. Retrieved October 2, 2009. 
  8. ^ a b Robinson, Joshua (October 9, 2009). "Live Analysis: Twins vs. Yankees". The New York Times. http://bats.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/10/09/analysis-from-the-ballpark-twins-vs-yankees-2/?pagemode=print. Retrieved October 23, 2009. 
  9. ^ a b "All-time and Single-Season WS Batting Leaders". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference, LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/postseason/WS_batting.shtml. Retrieved October 3, 2009. 
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  11. ^ Clemente was born in 1934 in Puerto Rico, which has been a U.S. territory since 1898 but has its own Olympic committee and national sports teams. Puerto Ricans were collectively given U.S. citizenship in 1917, but Puerto Ricans were not unequivocally granted U.S. citizenship by birth until a 1952 law that applied to all natives of the island born on or after April 11, 1899. (For more details on this issue, see United States nationality law and Jones–Shafroth Act.) Guerrero, a native of the Dominican Republic, is indisputably non-American.
  12. ^ O'Connell, Jack (June 30, 2008). "'Mr. October' more than earned his nickname: Reggie Jackson owns highest slugging percentage in World Series history". National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. http://www.baseballhalloffame.org/news/article.jsp?ymd=20080630&content_id=7850&vkey=hof_news. Retrieved October 3, 2009. [dead link]
  13. ^ Bloom, Barry M. (October 29, 2007). "World Series MVP rewarding to Lowell". Major League Baseball. http://mlb.mlb.com/news/article.jsp?ymd=20071029&content_id=2286217&vkey=ps2007news&fext=.jsp&c_id=mlb. Retrieved October 8, 2009. 
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  15. ^ "MLB Hall of Fame". ESPN. http://espn.go.com/mlb/halloffame/history. Retrieved October 29, 2009. 
  16. ^ "Matsui Becomes 1st Japanese-Born World Series MVP". Associated Press. The New York Times. November 5, 2009. http://www.nytimes.com/aponline/2009/11/05/sports/AP-BBO-World-Series-MVP.html. Retrieved November 7, 2009. 
  17. ^ "Statsui: MVP delivers jaw-dropping numbers". Major League Baseball. http://mlb.mlb.com/news/article.jsp?ymd=20091104&content_id=7620234&vkey=news_mlb&fext=.jsp&c_id=mlb. Retrieved November 4, 2009. 
  18. ^ Armstrong, Jim (January 21, 2010). "Matsui backs idea of global World Series". The Japan Times. http://search.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/sb20100121a1.html. Retrieved May 8, 2010. 
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  20. ^ a b c "2001 World Series". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference, LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/postseason/2001_WS.shtml. Retrieved September 20, 2009. 
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  23. ^ Bloom, Barry M. (October 30, 2008). "Perfect Hamels is World Series MVP". Major League Baseball. http://mlb.mlb.com/news/article.jsp?ymd=20081029&content_id=3653295&vkey=news_phi&fext=.jsp. Retrieved October 3, 2009. 
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  26. ^ "1957 World Series". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference, LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/postseason/1957_WS.shtml. Retrieved September 20, 2009. 
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  30. ^ "1961 World Series". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference, LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/postseason/1961_WS.shtml. Retrieved September 20, 2009. 
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  34. ^ "1965 World Series". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference, LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/postseason/1965_WS.shtml. Retrieved September 20, 2009. 
  35. ^ "1966 World Series". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference, LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/postseason/1966_WS.shtml. Retrieved September 20, 2009. 
  36. ^ "1967 World Series". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference, LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/postseason/1967_WS.shtml. Retrieved September 20, 2009. 
  37. ^ "1968 World Series". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference, LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/postseason/1968_WS.shtml. Retrieved September 20, 2009. 
  38. ^ "1969 World Series". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference, LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/postseason/1969_WS.shtml. Retrieved September 20, 2009. 
  39. ^ "1970 World Series". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference, LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/postseason/1970_WS.shtml. Retrieved September 20, 2009. 
  40. ^ "1971 World Series". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference, LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/postseason/1971_WS.shtml. Retrieved September 20, 2009. 
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  79. ^ "2005 World Series". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference, LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/postseason/2005_WS.shtml. Retrieved September 20, 2009. 
  80. ^ "Jermaine Dye Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference, LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/players/d/dyeje01.shtml. Retrieved November 6, 2009. 
  81. ^ "2006 World Series". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference, LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/postseason/2006_WS.shtml. Retrieved September 20, 2009. 
  82. ^ "David Eckstein Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference, LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/players/e/eckstda01.shtml. Retrieved November 6, 2009. 
  83. ^ "2007 World Series". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference, LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/postseason/2007_WS.shtml. Retrieved September 20, 2009. 
  84. ^ "Mike Lowell Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference, LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/players/l/lowelmi01.shtml. Retrieved November 6, 2009. 
  85. ^ "2008 World Series". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference, LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/postseason/2008_WS.shtml. Retrieved September 20, 2009. 
  86. ^ "Cole Hamels Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference, LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/players/h/hamelco01.shtml. Retrieved November 6, 2009. 
  87. ^ "2009 World Series". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference, LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/postseason/2009_WS.shtml. Retrieved November 6, 2009. 
  88. ^ "Hideki Matsui Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference, LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/players/m/matsuhi01.shtml. Retrieved November 6, 2009. 
  89. ^ "Edgar Rentería Statistics". http://mlb.mlb.com/team/player.jsp?player_id=121074. Retrieved November 1, 2010. 
  90. ^ "David Freese Statistics". http://mlb.mlb.com/team/player.jsp?player_id=501896. Retrieved October 28, 2011. 
   
               

 

Toutes les traductions de World_Series_Most_Valuable_Player_Award


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